Arundel (UK Parliament constituency)

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Arundel
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountySussex
Major settlementsArundel
1974 (1974)1997
Number of membersOne
Replaced byArundel & South Downs and Bognor Regis & Littlehampton
Created fromArundel & Shoreham
1332–1868
Number of members1332–1832: Two
1832–1868: One
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Replaced byWest Sussex

Arundel was twice a parliamentary constituency in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. The first incarnation strictly comprised the town centre of Arundel and was a borough constituency in Sussex first enfranchised in 1332 and disfranchised in 1868 under the Reform Act 1867. Arundel initially elected two members, but this was reduced to one in 1832 by the Great Reform Act.

The second incarnation of the seat comprised also the area surrounding Arundel, including Littlehampton. It was created by the Boundary Commission in the 1974 boundary changes, and existed until 1997. This Arundel seat elected only one member. The territory previously covered by Arundel was split between Arundel & South Downs and Bognor Regis & Littlehampton constituencies.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Arundel borough (1332-1868)[edit]

1332-1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 William Colyn Richard Wodeland[1]
1388 (Feb) Roger Clerk John Hereward[1]
1388 (Sep) Robert Fisher Nicholas Hereward[1]
1390 (Jan) William Colcheter Robert Fisher[1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Hugh Hasell Richard Wodeland[1]
1393 John Chamberlain Robert Fisher[1]
1394
1395 Richard Wodeland Robert Fisher[1]
1397 (Jan) Henry Skimmer Richard Wodeland[1]
1397 (Sep) John Patching Richard Wodeland[1]
1399 John Esshing William Terry[1]
1401 William Terry John Wiltshire[1]
1402 John Dusse John Wyldebess[1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Patching Thomas Spicer[1]
1407 John Dusse John Patching[1]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Dusse John Wiltshire[1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Dusse John Patching[1]
1415
1416 (Mar) William Chapman Richard Smith[1]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Dusse Richard Smith[1]
1419 John Hilly Thomas Kyng[1]
1420 Thomas Dusse Thomas Pursell[1]
1421 (May) John Hilly Alan Chamber[1]
1421 (Dec) Thomas Pursell Thomas Dusse[1]
1449 Thomas Bellingham
1510-1523 No names known[2]
1529 Richard Sackville Thomas Prestall[1]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 ?
1547 Sir Nicholas Pelham Thomas Carpenter[2]
1553 (Mar) Thomas Palmer Thomas Morley[2]
1553 (Oct) Sir Thomas Palmer Thomas Gawdy[2]
1554 (Apr) Sir Thomas Holcroft Sir Thomas Stradling[2]
1554 (Nov) John Burnet Richard Bowyer[2]
1555 Sir Henry Paget Sir William Damsell[2][3]
1558 Edward Stradling David Stradling[2]
1559 Sir Francis Knollys Thomas Heneage[4]
1562/3 Sir John St Leger William Aubrey[4]
1571 Thomas Browne Michael Heneage[4]
1572 Thomas Fanshawe Richard Browne[4]
1584 Thomas Fanshawe Robert Buxton[4]
1586 Thomas Fanshawe Thomas Palmer[4]
1588 Sir Owen Hopton Thomas Fanshawe[4]
1593 Thomas Fanshawe Richard Baker[4]
1597 William Essex James Smith[4]
1601 Thomas Palmer Thomas Baker[4]
1604-1611 Thomas Preston John Tye
1614 Sir Henry Spiller Edward Morley
1621 Lionel Cranfield, ennobled Sep 1622
and repl. Nov 1622 by
Sir Richard Weston
Sir Henry Spiller
1624 Sir Henry Spiller Sir George Chaworth
replaced 1624 on petition by William Mill
1625 Sir Henry Spiller William Mill
1626 Nicholas Jordain William Mill
1628 John Alford Henry Lord Maltravers
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1832[edit]

Year First member[5] First party Second member[5] Second party
April 1640 Henry Garton Parliamentarian Henry Goring
November 1640 Henry Garton Parliamentarian Sir Edward Alford Royalist
1641 John Downes[6] Parliamentarian
January 1644 Alford disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 Herbert Hay
December 1648 Hay excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Arundel was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Anthony Shirley Arundel had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Sir John Trevor
January 1659 Henry Onslow Richard Marriot
May 1659 John Downes One seat vacant
April 1660 The Earl of Orrery The Viscount Falkland
May 1660 John Trevor
1661 The Lord Aungier of Longford
1679 William Garway James Butler
1685 William Westbrooke
1689 William Morley
1690 James Butler
January 1694 Lord Walden
February 1694 John Cooke
1695 Lord Walden Edmund Dummer
1698 John Cooke Christopher Knight
January 1701 Edmund Dummer
November 1701 Carew Weekes
1702 Edmund Dummer
1705 James Butler
May 1708 Sir Henry Peachey, Bt The Viscount Shannon
December 1708 Viscount Lumley
1710 The Earl of Thomond Viscount Lumley Whig
1715 General Henry Lumley Thomas Micklethwaite
1718 Joseph Micklethwaite
1722 Thomas Lumley
1727 Sir John Shelley, Bt The Viscount Gage
1728 John Lumley
1739 Garton Orme
1741 James Lumley
1747 Theobald Taafe
1754 Sir George Colebrooke, Bt Thomas Griffin
1761 John Bristow
1768 Lauchlin Macleane
1771 John Stewart
1774 Thomas Brand George Newnham
1780 Sir Patrick Crauford Thomas Fitzherbert
1781 Peter William Baker
April 1784 Earl of Surrey
June 1784 Richard Beckford
1790 Sir George Thomas, Bt Henry Howard Whig
1795 Sir Thomas Gascoigne, Bt
1796 James Greene
1797 Nisbet Balfour
1802 Viscount Andover John Atkins
1806 Sir Arthur Piggott Francis Wilder
January 1807 The Lord Lecale
May 1807 Francis Wilder
October 1812 Henry Molyneux-Howard Whig
December 1812 Sir Samuel Romilly Whig
1818 Lord Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard Whig Sir Arthur Piggott
1819 Robert Blake
1820 Viscount Bury
1823 Thomas Read Kemp
1826 Edward Lombe John Atkins
1830 Lord Dudley Stuart Whig
1832 Representation reduced to one member

1832-1868[edit]

Year Member[5] Party
1832 Lord Dudley Stuart Whig[7][8]
1837 Henry Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel Whig[7][9]
1851 Edward Strutt Whig[10][11][12][13]
1852 Lord Edward Fitzalan-Howard Whig[14]
1859 Liberal
1868 Constituency abolished

Arundel County Constituency (1974-1997)[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
Feb 1974 Sir Michael Marshall Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Arundel and South Downs &
Bognor Regis and Littlehampton

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 261
Whig hold
General Election 1847: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 221
Whig hold

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

FitzAlan-Howard's resignation in protest at the passing of the Ecclesiastical Titles Act 1851 caused a by-election.[16]

By-election, 16 July 1851: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Strutt Unopposed
Whig hold
General Election 1852: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 208
Whig hold
General Election 1857: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 199
Whig hold
General Election 1859: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 196
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Arundel[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Fitzalan-Howard Unopposed
Registered electors 174
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election February 1974: Arundel
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 37,655 57.1 N/A
Liberal John Rex Kingsbury 17,712 26.9 N/A
Labour Ben Pimlott 10,597 16.1 N/A
Majority 19,943 30.2 N/A
Turnout 65,964 79.6 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election October 1974: Arundel
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 34,215 56.2 −0.9
Liberal John Rex Kingsbury 15,404 25.3 −1.6
Labour Michael Ewart Stedman 11,268 18.5 +2.4
Majority 18,811 30.9
Turnout 60,887 73.0 −6.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.4
General Election 1979: Arundel
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 43,968 65.0 +8.8
Liberal John Rex Kingsbury 13,208 19.5 −5.8
Labour John Nigel Tizard 10,509 15.5 −3.0
Majority 30,760 35.5
Turnout 67,685 73.9 +0.9
Conservative hold Swing +7.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Arundel[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 31,096 59.6 −5.4
Liberal James Walsh 15,391 29.5 +10.0
Labour Gareth Rees 4,302 8.2 −7.3
Conservative for Corporal Punishment John Wadman 1,399 2.7 N/A
Majority 15,705 30.1
Turnout 52,188 69.7 −4.2
Conservative hold Swing −7.7
General Election 1987: Arundel[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 34,356 61.3 +1.7
Liberal James Walsh 15,476 27.6 −1.9
Labour Peter Slowe 6,177 11.0 +2.8
Majority 18,880 33.7
Turnout 56,009 71.2 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Arundel[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Marshall 35,405 58.0 −3.4
Liberal Democrat James Walsh 15,542 25.5 −2.2
Labour Roger Nash 8,321 13.6 +2.6
Liberal Denise Renson 1,103 1.8 −25.8
Green Robert Corbin 693 1.1 N/A
Majority 19,863 32.5 −1.2
Turnout 61,064 77.0 +5.8
Conservative hold Swing −0.6

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  3. ^ Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons|| 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  5. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  6. ^ Downes was elected after a disputed return at the by-election which followed the death of Garton
  7. ^ a b Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 77. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  9. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 123. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Pickard, Willis (Winter 2010–11). "The 'Member for Scotland': Duncan McLaren and the Liberal Dominance of Victorian Scotland" (PDF). Journal of Liberal History. 69: 22. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  11. ^ Walker, Martyn (2017). The Development of the Mechanics' Institute Movement in Britain and Beyond: Supporting further education for the adult working classes. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 9781315685021. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ Howe, Anthony, ed. (2007). The Letters of Richard Cobden: Volume 1, 1815-1847. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 423. ISBN 9780199211951. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Wednesday & Thursday's Posts". Stamford Mercury. 11 April 1851. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. ^ "Horsham Election". Brighton Gazette. 29 June 1848. p. 5. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  16. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Howard, Henry Granville Fitzalan- (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.

Sources[edit]

  • Election results, 1974 - 1997
  • Concise Dictionary of National Biography (entry on Sir Nicholas Pelham)
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [2]
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)