|Vice-chairman, NITI Aayog|
January 2015 – 31 August 2017
30 September 1952|
Arvind Panagariya (born 30 September 1952) is an Indian-American economist and a professor of economics at Columbia University, who served as vice-chairman of the government of India think-tank NITI Aayog between January 2015 and August 2017.
He was previously Chief Economist at the Asian Development Bank. In the past, he has been a professor of economics at the University of Maryland at College Park. He has also worked for the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). He holds a Ph.D in economics from Princeton University.
Panagariya has written or edited ten books. His most recent book, India: The Emerging Giant, was published in March 2008. It was described as the ‘definitive book on the Indian economy’ by Fareed Zakaria. He has appeared on Bloomberg TV India for the show "Transforming India With Arvind Panagriya" On 5 Jan 2015, he was appointed Vice-Chairman of the National Institution for Transforming India Aayog, the replacement for the Planning Commission. Panagariya is also heading analysing the data of the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011. He gave his resignation as Niti Aayog Vice-Chairman stating that Columbia University has not extended his leave beyond 31 August 2017. 
- "Arvind Panagariya to submit final report on employment data by August 31". Moneycontrol.com. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- Panagariya, Arvind (30 December 2014). "Arvind Panagariya: The revival of optimism". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Arvind Panagariya: Narendra Modi's real report card
- 5 things you should know about Arvind Panagariya
- Transforming India With Arvind Panagriya
- "Govt sets up expert group to collate caste census data".
- "Niti Aayog Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya resigns; says will return to academia".