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  • (father)
  • Aditi (mother)

Aryaman (Sanskrit: अर्यमन्‌, pronounced as "aryaman"; nominative singular is aryama) is one of the early Vedic Hindu deities. His name signifies "close friend", "play-fellow" or "companion".[1] He is the third son of Aditi, the mother of the Adityas and is depicted as the mid-morning sun disk

In the Rig Veda Aryaman is described as the protector of mares, and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is said to be his path.[1] Aryaman is commonly invoked together with Varuna-Mitra, Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and other Adityas and Asuras.[1] According to Griffith, the Rig Veda also suggests that Aryaman is a supreme deity alongside Mitra and Varuna.[2] According to the Rig Veda, Indra who is traditionally considered the most important deity in the Rig Veda is asked to obtain boons and gifts from Aryaman.[3]

The Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.[4][5]

Vestigial Deity[edit]

Some authorities consider Aryaman to be cognate with several Indo-European theonyms, such as the Gaulish Ariomanus, the Zoroastrian Airyaman and Irish Éremón, all possibly pointing to a common Proto-Indo-European deity, Xáryomēn.[6][7]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary
  2. ^ (The Hymns of the Rig Veda)
  3. ^ Veda Book 4 Hymn 30)
  4. ^ वैदिक विवाह और विवाहित जीवन (Vedic weddings and married life), रामशरण वशिष्ठ, ... १४-२-१३--मेरी इस शुभ नारी को धाता प्रजा दे । इसे अर्यमन, मग, अश्विन, प्रजापति, सब प्रजा वाली करें। इसकी संतान बढ़े। ...
  5. ^ हिन्दी कथा-कोष: प्राचीन हिन्दी साहित्य में व्यवहारता नामों तथा पौराणिक अंतरकथाओं का संदर्भ ग्रन्थ (Hindi Myth Treasury), धीरेन्द्र वर्मा, हिन्दुस्तानी एकेडमी, 1974, ... अर्यमन - १. एक वैदिक देवता जो विश्वदेवों में से एक हैं। २. कश्यप तथा अदिति के पुत्र पितृगण में प्रमुख हैं। ३. द्वादह आदित्यों में से एक जो वैशाख मास में उदय होते हैं और जिनकी किरणों की संख्या ३०० मानी जाती है। ...
  6. ^ Puhvel, Jaan. Mitra as an Indo-European Divinity. Etudes Mithraiques. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978.
  7. ^ Polomé, Edgar C. The Gods of the Indo-Europeans. Mankind Quarterly 21:2 (Win-ter, 1980), 151-164.