Āryāvarta (Sanskrit:, lit. "abode of the Aryans", Sanskrit pronunciation: [aːɾjaːˈʋəɾtə]) is the historic name for the present-day northern Indian subcontinent, including the territories north of the Vindhya Range in India, northern Bangladesh, Nepal and the provinces of Punjab and Sindh in Pakistan, as per the classical Sanskrit literature. This is the region where the historic "Aryans" (early Indo-Aryan peoples) settled down.
The Manusmṛti (2.22) gives the name to "the tract between the Himalaya and the Vindhya ranges, from the Eastern Sea (Bay of Bengal) to the Western Sea (Arabian Sea)". The extent of Aryavarta as per Manusmriti is from himalayas to ganga . All province having proximity to it come under aryavart. The present day state of uttar pradesh , punjab , bihar jharkhand, nepal , bengal madhya pradesh , rajasthan come under Aryavart . Gujrat and southern sindh being part of aryavart is unclear as both dont have proximity to himalayas nor ganga .
The Vasistha Dharma Sutra I.8-9 and 12-13 locates the Āryāvarta to the east of the disappearance of the Sarasvati River in the desert, to the west of the Kālakavana, to the north of the Pariyatra Mountains and the Vindhya Range and to the south of the Himalayas.
The Baudhayana Dharmasutra (BDS) 188.8.131.52 gives similar definitions and declares that Āryāvarta is the land that lies west of Kālakavana, east of Adarsana, south of the Himalayas and north of the Vindhyas, but in BDS 184.108.40.206 Āryāvarta is confined to the doab of the Ganges-Yamuna, and BDS 220.127.116.11-15. Patanjali's Mahābhāṣya defines Āryāvarta like the Vasistha Dharmasutra.
Some sutras recommend expiatory acts for those who have crossed the boundaries of Āryāvarta. The Baudhayana Shrauta Sutra recommends this for those who have crossed the boundaries of Āryāvarta and ventured into far away places.
- Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 70.
- Michael Cook (2014), Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic Case in Comparative Perspective, Princeton University Press, p.68: "Aryavarta [...] is defined by Manu as extending from the Himalayas in the north to the Vindhyas of Central India in the south and from the sea in the west to the sea in the east."
- Neelis 2010, p. 194.
- André Wink (2002). Al-Hind: Early medieval India and the expansion of Islam, 7th-11th centuries. BRILL. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-391-04173-8.
- Kane, Pandurang Vaman (1962). History of Dharmaśāstra: (ancient and mediaeval religious and civil law in India). Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.
- Neelis, Jason (19 November 2010). Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange Within and Beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-18159-8.