Aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase

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aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase
EC number
CAS number 37250-26-3
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, an aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

an aromatic alcohol + NAD+ an aromatic aldehyde + NADH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are aromatic alcohol and NAD+, whereas its 3 products are aromatic aldehyde, NADH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is aryl-alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol dehydrogenase, benzyl alcohol dehydrogenase, and coniferyl alcohol dehydrogenase. This enzyme participates in 5 metabolic pathways: tyrosine metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, biphenyl degradation, toluene and xylene degradation, and caprolactam degradation.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 1F8F.


  • Suhara K, Takemori S, Katagiri M (1969). "The purification and properties of benzylalcohol dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas sp". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 130 (1): 422–9. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(69)90054-X. PMID 5778658. 
  • Yamanaka K; Minoshima R (1984). "Identification and characterization of a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent para-hydroxybenzyl alcohol-dehydrogenase from Rhodopseudomonas acidophila M402". Agric. Biol. Chem. 48 (5): 1161–1171. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.48.1161.