Arytera

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Arytera
Arytera divaricata new growth.jpg
Arytera divaricata colourful red new growth
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Genus: Arytera
Blume[1][2]
Type species
Arytera littoralis
Blume
Species

See text

Arytera divaricata colourful orange new growth

Arytera is a genus of about twenty–eight species known to science, of trees and shrubs and constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally in New Guinea, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Australia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga; and the most widespread species and type species A. littoralis grows throughout Malesia and across Southeast Asia, from NE. India, southern China, Borneo, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines to as far east as New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

The eleven Australian species may have the common name coogera and they grow naturally in the rainforests of eastern Australia and the Northern Territory.[2][3][4][5][6]

Formerly included here were three species now in the genus Mischarytera.[7]

Naming and classification[edit]

European science formally named and described this genus and the type species in 1847, authored by botanist Carl Ludwig Blume.[1][2][8]

In 1879 botanist Ludwig A. T. Radlkofer published formal scientific descriptions of numerous species new to European science.[9]

In 1993 botanist Hubert Turner formally described 8 species new to science found growing naturally in New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and north eastern Australia.[10] In 1994 his treatment of the genus in Flora Malesiana was published.[7][8]

Species[edit]

This listing was sourced from the Australian Plant Name Index and Australian Plant Census,[2] the Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants information system,[11] Flora Malesiana,[8] Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest,[3] the Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea,[12] the Checklist of the vascular indigenous Flora of New Caledonia,[13] Rainforest trees of Samoa,[14] Flora Vitiensis (Fiji),[15] the Flora of Tonga,[16] the Flora of New South Wales,[4] and the Flora of Australia.[5]

Species provisionally named, described and accepted according to the authoritative Australian Plant Census As of June 2014 while awaiting formal publication
  • Arytera sp. Dryander Creek (P.R.Sharpe 4184) Qld Herbarium – Qld, Australia[2][3]
Formerly included here
  • Arytera bullata H.Turner  ⇒  Mischarytera bullata (H.Turner) H.Turner – New Guinea endemic
  • Arytera lautereriana (F.M.Bailey) Radlk.  ⇒  Mischarytera lautereriana (F.M.Bailey) H.Turner, corduroy tamarind – NE. to SE. Qld Australia endemic
  • Arytera macrobotrys (Merr. & L.M.Perry) R.W.Ham  ⇒  Mischarytera macrobotrys (Merr. & L.M.Perry) H.Turner – New Guinea and Cape York Peninsula, Qld, Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Blume, Carl L. (1847). "Arytera; Arytera littoralis; Arytera montana". XXVIII. De Quibusdam Sapindaceis Maxima Parte Indiæ Orientali Propriis [28. On some Sapindaceae of the greater part of India and the East] (Digitised archive copy, online, from biodiversitylibrary.org). Rumphia (in Latin). 3. pp. 169–171. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Arytera%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (June 2004). "Arytera Blume". Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. pp. 477–478. ISBN 9780958174213. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  4. ^ a b Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera". December 2003. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera Blume". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  6. ^ Reynolds, Sally T. (1985). "Notes on Sapindaceae in Australia, IV". Austrobaileya. 2 (2): 158–160. JSTOR 41738663.
  7. ^ a b Turner, Hubert (1995). "Cladistic and biogeographic analyses of Arytera Blume and Mischarytera gen. nov. (Sapindaceae)". Blumea Supplementary Series. 9: 1–230.
  8. ^ a b c Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  9. ^ Radlkofer, L. A. T. (1879). "Ueber Cupania und damit verwandte Pflanzen". Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-physikalischen Classe der K. b. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (in German). 9: 457–678. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  10. ^ Turner, Hubert (1993). "New species of Arytera Blume (Sapindaceae) in Malesia". Blumea. 38 (1): 137–144.
  11. ^ Hyland et al. (2010) [RFK 6.1] "Factsheet – Sapindaceae". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Conn, Barry J. (2008). "Arytera". Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea. (search result listing, matching all starting with "Arytera", via www.pngplants.org). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M.; Chalopin, M. (December 2012). "The taxonomic database "Florical" and characteristics of the indigenous Flora of New Caledonia" (PDF). Adansonia. sér. 3. 34 (2): 177–219. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  14. ^ a b c Whistler, W. Arthur (2004). "Arytera bifoliata Whistler; Arytera brackenridgei (A.Gray) Radlk." (only Google Books snippet online). Rainforest trees of Samoa: a guide to the common native and naturalized lowland and foothill forest trees of the Samoan Archipelago. Honolulu: Isle Botanica. pp. 187–188, fig. 223 (vi, 210p.). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  15. ^ a b c d Smith, Albert C. (1985). "Arytera Bl.; Arytera brackenridgei (A.Gray) Radlk." (Digitised, online, via biodiversitylibrary.org). Flora Vitiensis nova: a new Flora of Fiji. 3. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. pp. 600–603. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  16. ^ a b Yuncker, T. G. (July 1959). "Genus Arytera Blume; Arytera brackenridgei Radlkofer" (Digitised, online, via hathitrust.org). Plants of Tonga. B. P. Bishop Museum Bulletin. 220. Honolulu, Hawaii: B. P. Bishop Museum. p. 176. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  17. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera bifoliolata S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  18. ^ Hyland et al. (2010) [RFK 6.1] "Factsheet – Arytera bifoliolata". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  19. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera bifoliolata S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  20. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera brachyphylla Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  21. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera densiflora Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  22. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera dictyoneura S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  23. ^ Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera distylis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Radlk". July 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  24. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera distylis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  25. ^ Harden (2003) New South Wales Flora Online. "Arytera divaricata F.Muell". July 2001. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  26. ^ Hyland et al. (2010) [RFK 6.1] "Factsheet – Arytera divaricata". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  27. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera divaricata F.Muell". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  28. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera foveolata F.Muell". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  29. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera lineosquamulata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  30. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera lineosquamulata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  31. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera littoralis Blume". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  32. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera microphylla (Benth.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  33. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera miniata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  34. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera morobeana H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  35. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera multijuga H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  36. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera musca H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  37. ^ "Arytera nekorensis H.Turner". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 3.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2010.
  38. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera novaebrittanniae H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  39. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera oshanesiana (F.Muell.) Radlk". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  40. ^ Hyland et al. (2010) [RFK 6.1] "Factsheet – Arytera pauciflora". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  41. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera pauciflora S.T.Reynolds". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  42. ^ Turner (1994) Flora Malesiana. Digitised, online "Arytera pseudofoveolata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  43. ^ Reynolds (1985) Flora of Australia. Online "Arytera pseudofoveolata H.Turner". Retrieved 11 December 2013. Previously treated there as "Arytera sp".

Cited works[edit]

  • Harden, Gwen J. (December 2003). "Arytera – New South Wales Flora Online". PlantNET – The Plant Information Network System. 2.0. Sydney, Australia: The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  • Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (December 2010). "Home". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  • Reynolds, Sally T. (1985). "Arytera" (online version). Flora of Australia: Volume 25—Melianthaceae to Simaroubaceae. Flora of Australia series. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 87–93. ISBN 978-0-644-03724-2. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  • Turner, Hubert (1994). "Arytera" (Digitised, online). In Adema, F.; Leenhouts, P. W.; van Welzen, P. C. (eds.). Flora Malesiana. Series I, Spermatophyta : Flowering Plants. Vol. 11 pt. 3: Sapindaceae. Leiden, The Netherlands: Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden University. pp. 467–479. ISBN 90-71236-21-8.

External links[edit]