As-Salih Ismail al-Malik

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For other people with similar names, see As-Salih Ismail.
Zengid Dynasty Coat of Arms
Prince of Zengid Dynasty
House Zengid dynasty

As-Salih Ismaʿil al-Malik (1163–1181) was an emir of Damascus in 1174, the son of Nur ad-Din.

He was only eleven years old when his father died in 1174. As-Salih came under the protection of the eunuch Gümüshtegin and was taken to Aleppo, while Nur ad-Din's officers competed for supremacy. In Egypt, Saladin recognized as-Salih as his lord, although he in fact was eager to unite Egypt and Syria under his own personal rule. In 1174, Saladin took Baalbek after a four-month siege[1] and then entered Damascus, proclaiming himself to be Ismail's true regent. In 1176, he defeated the Zengids outside the city, married Nur ad-Din's widow Ismat ad-Din Khatun, and was recognized as ruler of Syria. As-Salih died in 1181.[2][3] According to crusader legend, his mother was the sister of Bertrand of Toulouse, who had been captured by Nur ad-Din in the aftermath of the Second Crusade; a similar legend existed concerning the mother of Zengi, as-Salih's grandfather.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EI (1913), p. 543.
  2. ^ http://islamiccoins.ancients.info/Zangids/ZangidsHistory.htm
  3. ^ The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades, Extracted and Translated from the Chronicle of Ibn al-Qalanisi. H.A.R. Gibb, 1932 (reprint, Dover Publications, 2002)
  4. ^ http://islamiccoins.ancients.info/Zangids/ZangidsHistory.htm
  5. ^ The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades, Extracted and Translated from the Chronicle of Ibn al-Qalanisi. H.A.R. Gibb, 1932 (reprint, Dover Publications, 2002)



Regnal titles
Preceded by
Nur ad-Din Zangi
Emir of Damascus
1174
Succeeded by
Saladin