|• Also spelled||as-Sawiya (official)
|• Type||Village council (from 1994)|
|Name meaning||"The level place"|
as-Sawiya (Arabic: الساويه) is a Palestinian town in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 18 kilometers South of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 2,301 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.
At the village site, sherds from IA II (8th and 7th century BCE), the Persian or the early Hellenistic period, Crusader era/ Ayyubid dynasty, Mamluk and early Ottoman era have been found. In the 12th and 13th centuries, during the Crusader era, As-Sawiya was inhabited by Muslims, according to Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn.
Just north-east of the village is the Khan Sawieh-area, where Byzantine pottery, old tombs and cisterns have been found. Denys Pringle lists the Khan among the Crusader remains in Palestine. In 1838 Robinson found the Khan in ruins, so did de Saulcy in 1850. In the 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as: "a small square building, also a ruined Khan; the walls are standing to some height, and drafted stones are used at the corners. Rock-cut tombs exist just south, showing the place to be an ancient site. The name of the site is Khurbet Berkit."
As-Sawiya was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 40 households and 2 bachelors, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives.
In 1838 Robinson noted As-Sawiya being situated on a hill. In 1870 Victor Guérin found that it had three hundred inhabitants, and that the villagers had a mosque. In the 1882 the SWP described Sawiya as "a little village on a hill overhanging the road."
British Mandate era
In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, As-Sawiya (called: Sawiyeh) had a population of 476, all Muslims, while in the 1931 census it had 128 occupied houses and a population of 596, again all Muslim.
In 1945 Es Sawiya had a population of 820, all Muslims, with 10,293 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 4,394 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 3,412 used for cereals, while 40 dunams were built-up land.
As-Sawiya is entirely dependent on its agricultural land. Prior to the Second Intifada, about 250 of the village's residents worked in Israel, but in 2004 only three continued working there. The primary crops grown in as-Sawiya are wheat, olives, grapes, figs, and beans. The land is also used for grazing livestock. Some residents produce yoghurt from their cows and sell it. Local residents sell olive oil to nearby villages such as Lubban as well. Stone-cutting is the most important industry in the town after agriculture.
According to locals, village life has been "deeply affected" by harassment from Jewish settlers. "People cannot go and harvest their land. The settlers take our olives, they throw rocks at people."
- As Sawiya Village Profile Archived February 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. International Women's Peace Service. October 2004.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 241
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Finkelstein, 1997, p. 629
- Ellenblum, 2003, pp. 244, 263
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 813
- Pringle, 1997, p. 61
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 2, p. 91
- Saulcy, 1854, vol 1, p. 103
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 324
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137.
- Guérin, 1875, p. 163
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 287
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
- Mills, 1932, p. 65
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 19
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 61
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 107
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 158
- Palestinians: profile of a people in search of statehood, 17 September 2011, The Observer
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521871.
- Finkelstein, Israel; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Pringle, Denys (1997). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: an archaeological Gazetter. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521 46010 7.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 2. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Saulcy, Louis Félicien de (1854). Narrative of a journey round the Dead Sea, and in the Bible lands, in 1850 and 1851. 1, new edition. London: R. Bentley.
- Welcome To al-Sawaiya
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- As Sawiya, OCHA
- As Sawiya Village Profile, October, 2004
- My First Settler Attack, As-Sawiya Electronic Intifada, 25 April 2005
- Settlers rampage through West Bank villages, vandalize mosques 02/12/2008, Maan news
- An infrastructure of Jewish terror Dror Etkes and Roi Maor, Haaretz, Sep.11, 2009
- 60 Palestinian houses are threatened of Demolition in As Sawiya and Yatma villages in Nablus Governorate ARIJ, 03, October, 2009
- Palestinians blame 'hilltop youth' for school arson, 10/21/2010, Jerusalem Post
- As Sawiya Girls High School – The Latest Victim of Israeli Colonists[permanent dead link], ARIJ, 29, October, 2010
- 3 injured as settlers open fire on Palestinian village 08/03/2011, Maan news
- As Sawiya