Asad Durrani

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Asad Durrani
Birth name Mohammad Asad Durrani
Nickname(s) Fire Fox
Born (1941-02-07) February 7, 1941 (age 77)
Rawalpindi, British India[1]
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1959-1993
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant-General
Unit Military Intelligence Corps
Commands held Inter-Services Intelligence (DG ISI)
Military Intelligence (DG MI)
Judge Advocate General Branch
Command and Staff College
National Defence University
350th Military Intelligence Brigade
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani war of 1965
Bangladesh Liberation War
Indo-Pakistani war of 1971
Soviet war in Afghanistan
Operation Midnight Jackal
Hilal-i-Imtiaz (military)

Lieutenant General Mohammad Asad Durrani (Urdu: محمد اسد درانی‎; born 7 February 1941) is a retired 3-star rank general in the Pakistan Army and presently a commentator and speaker.[2] Durrani previously served as the director-general of the Inter-Services Intelligence and former director-general of the Pakistan Army's Military Intelligence.


Durrani was born in 1941 in Rawalpindi, British India (present-day Pakistan). From 1957 to 1959, he attended the Government College, now a university, where he did his degree in Bachelor of Science. He joined the Pakistan Army in 1959.[3] and subsequently joined the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul.[4] In 1960, he was commissioned as second lieutenant in the army as a gunner officer. As a captain he participated in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965, where he commanded his company.[4] In 1968, he was promoted to major. He also took part in the 1971 war against India.[4]

Durrani has been in key posts, including an instructorship at the officers' academy and later at the Command and Staff College, Quetta, as Director General of Military Intelligence from 1988 to 1989[5] ; Director General of the powerful Inter-Services Intelligence[6] from 1990 to 1991, Inspector General Training and Evaluation at the General Headquarters and Commandant at the National Defence College, now a university.

Durrani is a graduate from the General Staff Academy, Germany. He has also been Pakistan's military attaché to Germany from 1980 to 1984. After retiring from the army, he was Pakistan's ambassador to Germany (1994–97) and Saudi Arabia (2000–02).[4][7]

In 1994, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif accused Durrani and Mirza Aslam Beg of wanting to sell "heroin to pay for the country's covert military operations in early 1991."[8]

In 2008, Durrani acknowledged "distributing money to the alliance against Benazir Bhutto" in the 1993 Pakistani general election.[9]

In 2015, Durrani told the press it was “probable” the Pakistani government knew Osama bin Laden’s location and “the idea was that at the right time, his location would be revealed. And the right time would have been when you can get the necessary quid pro quo.”[10]

In 2018, he co-authored The Spy Chronicles: RAW, ISI and the Illusion of Peace with A. S. Dulat, former head of the Research and Analysis Wing.[11][12] He was supposed to attend the book release with Dulat in India, but the Indian government denied him a visa.[13] Subsequently, he received a summons to appear before General Headquarters over the book[14] and was placed on the Exit Control List.[15]



  1. ^ Asad Durrani, The Spy Chronicles: RAW, ISI and the Illusion of Peace (with A. S. Dulat) (HarperCollins, 2018) ISBN 978-9352779253, page 14
  2. ^ Asad Durrani, Strategic decision making in Pakistan, Strategic Studies
  3. ^ Asad DURRANI, Center for Energy and Security Studies, 2018
  4. ^ a b c d "Lieutenant General Asad Durrani". Inter Services Intelligence. Inter Services Intelligence. Archived from the original on 18 March 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Peter Tomsen, "The Wars of Afghanistan: Messianic Terrorism, Tribal Conflicts, and the Failures of Great Powers" ( Public Affairs, 2013)
  6. ^ Owen L. Sirrs, "Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate: Covert Action and Internal Operations" (Routledge, 2017)
  7. ^
  8. ^ John Ward Anderson and Kamran Khan, HEROIN PLAN BY TOP PAKISTANIS ALLEGED, Washington Post, September 12, 1994
  9. ^ Omar Waraich, "Pakistan's Spies Elude Its Government Time, July 31, 2008
  10. ^ Retired general: 'Probable' Pakistan knew of Bin Laden's whereabouts, Politico, 02/10/2015
  11. ^ Muhammad Saleh Zaafir, Former ISI, RAW chiefs co-author book, The News, May 21, 2018
  12. ^ Former ISI Chief Expresses Dismay At "Own People" After Backlash On Book, NDTV, May 28, 2018
  13. ^ Maria Abi-Habib and Salman Masood Pakistani Ex-Spy Chief Faces Inquiry Over Book With Indian Counterpart, New York Times, May 29, 2018
  14. ^ Pakistan Army summons former ISI chief over book he co-authored with ex-RAW head, Hindustan Times May 26, 2018
  15. ^ Former ISI chief Asad Durrani's name put on no-fly list, The Express Tribune, May 29, 2018

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Shamsur Rahman Kallu
Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence
1990 – 1992
Succeeded by
Javed Nasir