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Ratha Yatra in Odisha, India.
Native nameआषाढ (Sanskrit)
CalendarHindu calendar
Month number4
Gregorian equivalentJune-July
Significant days

Ashadha or Aashaadha or Adi (Hindi: आसाढ़ Āsāṛh or आषाढ Āṣāḍh; Assamese: আহাৰ ahar; Odia: ଆଷାଢ଼ Āṣāḍh; Bengali: আষাঢ় Āṣāḍh; Nepali: असार asār; Gujarati: અષાઢ) is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to June/July in the Gregorian calendar.[1] In India's national civil calendar, this month is the fourth month of the year, beginning on 22 June and ending on 22 July. In Hindu astrology, Ashada begins with the Sun's entry into Gemini. It is the first of the two months that comprise the monsoon season.

The corresponding month in the Bengali calendar, Aṣaṛh (Bengali: আষাঢ় "Ashadha"), is the third month.

In lunar religious calendars, Ashadha begins on a new moon and is usually the fourth month of the year.


Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha
1. Prathma 1. Prathma
2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya
3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya
4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi
5. Panchami 5. Panchami
6. Shashti 6. Shashti
7. Saptami 7. Saptami
8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami
9. Navami 9. Navami
10. Dashami 10. Dashami
11. Ekadashi 11. Ekadashi
12. Dwadashi 12. Dwadashi
13. Thrayodashi 13. Thrayodashi
14. Chaturdashi 14. Chaturdashi
15. Purnima 15. Amavasya


Rath Yatra that is dedicated to Jagannath is held in the month of Asadha every year in Puri and other places.

Guru Purnima, a festival dedicated to the Guru, is celebrated on the Purnima (Full Moon) day of the month. Prior to it Shayani Ekadashi, is observed on the eleventh lunar day (Ekadashi) of the bright fortnight (Shukla paksha). "Aadi amavasai" is an important festival in Tamil Nadu and auspicious for Amman.

In many parts of Nepal, the arrival of monsoon marks a special time for cultivating rice. This occasion starts with farmers, men and women, planting rice (Nepali: राेपाइँ) while singing plantation songs. The farmers then participate in the mud festival, throwing mud at each other and welcoming the monsoon season. The festival ends with people sharing "dahi chiura (Nepali: दही चिउरा)" (literally "beaten rice with curds") with each other.

Kakkada month in Kodava calendar in Coorg, is considered one of the significant and auspicious days. Aati soppu, kakkada paayasa are the delicacies prepared on this day.

In many parts of Gujarat, Dashamaa Vart dedicated to Dashamaa or Momai maa is observed on the Amavasya of Asadha every year.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
  2. ^ "Sawan 2023 festivals full calendar: Hariyali Teej, Raksha Bandhan to Janmashtami; dates of 12 major fasts and festivals". Hindustan Times. 10 July 2023. Retrieved 6 August 2023.

External links[edit]

Significance, festivals and fasting of Ashadha month