Asaf Ali c. 1909
|Amabassador of India to Switzerland|
1952 – 2 April 1953
|Preceded by||Dhirajlal Bhulabhai Desai|
|Succeeded by||Y. D. Gundevia|
|Governor of Odisha|
18 July 1951 – 6 June 1952
|Preceded by||V. P. Menon|
|Succeeded by||Fazal Ali|
21 June 1948 – 5 May 1951
|Preceded by||Kailash Nath Katju|
|Succeeded by||V. P. Menon|
|Born||11 May 1888|
Seohara, North-Western Provinces, British India
|Died||2 April 1953 (aged 64)|
Aruna Ganguly (m. 1928)
|Alma mater||St. Stephen's College, Delhi|
Asaf Ali (11 May 1888 – 2 April 1953) was an Indian independence fighter and noted Indian lawyer. He was the first ambassador from India to the United States. He also worked as the Governor of Odisha.
Indian National Movement
In 1914, the British attack on the Ottoman Empire had a large effect on the Indian Muslim community. Asaf Ali supported the Turkish side and resigned from the Privy Council. He saw this as an act of non-cooperation and returned to India in December 1914. Upon his return to India, Asaf Ali became heavily involved in the nationalist movement.
He was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly in 1935 as a member of the Muslim Nationalist Party. He was re-elected as a Congress candidate against a Muslim League candidate and was chosen as deputy leader.
The last of several spells of imprisonment which Asaf Ali courted during the freedom movement was in the wake of the 'Quit India' resolution adopted by the All India Congress Committee in August 1942. He was detained at Ahmednagar Fort jail along with Jawaharlal Nehru and other members of the Congress Working Committee.
He was in charge of the Railways and Transport in the Interim Government of India headed by Jawaharlal Nehru from 2 September 1946. He served as the first ambassador of India to the USA from February 1947 to mid-April 1947
Asaf Ali rose to become one of the most respected lawyers in the country. He defended Shaheed Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt as a lawyer, after they threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929, during the passage of a controversial ordinance.
In 1928, he married Aruna Asaf Ali, a marriage that raised eyebrows on the grounds of religion (Asaf Ali was a Muslim while Aruna was a Hindu) and age difference (Aruna was 20 years junior to him). She is widely remembered for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay during the Quit India Movement, 1942.
Death and legacy
Ali died in office in Bern on 2 April 1953, while serving as India's ambassador to Switzerland. In 1989, India Post brought out a stamp in his honor. His wife Aruna Asaf Ali was honored with India's highest civilian award- Bharat Ratna.
- G. N. S. Raghavan and Asaf Ali (1994) M. Asaf Ali's Memoirs: The Emergence of Modern India. Ajanta. ISBN 81-202-0398-4. p. 36.
- M. Asaf Ali | Making Britain. Open.ac.uk. Retrieved on 7 December 2018.
- Asaf Ali. Indianpost.com (2 April 1953). Retrieved on 2018-12-07.
- Historical Trials (2008). "The Trial of Bhagat Singh". India Law Journal. 1 (3).
- Lawyers in the Indian Freedom Movement « The Bar Council of India. Barcouncilofindia.org. Retrieved on 7 December 2018.
- "Asaf Ali Dead". The Indian Express. 3 April 1953. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- Aruna Asaf Ali's 20th death anniversary: Some facts about the Grand Old Lady of Independence – Education Today News. Indiatoday.intoday.in (29 July 2016). Retrieved on 2018-12-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asaf Ali.|
| Indian Ambassador to the United States
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit