|Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration|
Asansol cityscape Clockwise from top: Asansol Railway Station, IISCO Steel Plant, TV Tower, Galaxy Mall, Asansol Engineering College, Asansol Indoor Stadium, Rabindra Bhavan, Eastern Coalfields Limited.
|Nickname(s): "The City of Brotherhood"|
|• Type||Civic Administration|
|• Body||Asansol Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Kumar Jitendra Tewari —TMC|
|• Commissioner of Police||Laxmi Narayan Meena|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||326.48 km2 (126.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||97 m (318 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||11,56,387|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,200/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Asansolians / Asansolites/ Asansolbashi|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB 37 / WB 38 / WB 44 (WB 44A, WB 44B, WB 44C, WB 44D)|
|Sex ratio||1.08 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Asansol (MP — Babul Supriyo — BJP)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Barabani (MLA —Bidhan Upadhyay —TMC|
Asansol is in Bardhaman District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the second largest city in West Bengal after Kolkata and the 39th largest urban agglomeration in India. According to a 2010 report released by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a UK-based policy research non-governmental body, Asansol was ranked 11th among Indian cities. and 42nd in the world in its list of 100 fastest-growing cities.
Asansol is a cosmopolitan city located in Bardhaman district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located on the lower Chota Nagpur Plateau, which occupies most of Jharkhand, between the Damodar and Ajay rivers. Another river, the Barakar, joins the Damodar near Dishergarh. A small rivulet, Nunia, flows past Asansol.
While Dhanbad district in Jharkhand lies on the western side, Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district lies on the eastern side. To the south, across the Damodar river are the Purulia and Bankura districts. To the north are Dumka and Birbhum districts. Dhanbad district is a major coal mining area and has close links with Asansol; both lie in the Damodar valley.
Asansol is administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. In 1850, a union committee was formed to look after the civic needs of Asansol. The municipality was approved in 1885 but started functioning effectively in 1896. It was upgraded to the status of a corporation in 1994. Since 2011 it has had its own Police Commissionerate. In 2015, Kulti, Jamuria and Raniganj Municipalities were dissolved and now these areas are administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. Thus the proper city limits of Asansol includes the old Asansol Area, including Burnpur, as well as other prominent locations like Raniganj, Chinakuri, Mithani, Barakar, Kulti, Dishergarh, Neamatpur, Sitarampur and Jamuria. Asansol Municipal Corporation has 106 wards.
Asansol-Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA) was established in April 1980 by the merger of the Asansol Planning Organisation and the Durgapur Development Authority. Jurisdiction of ADDA covers the areas administered by Asansol Municipal Corporation, the Jamuria Panchayet Samiti, the Community Development Blocks of Andal, Pandabeswar and Durgapur-Faridpur, Durgapur Municipal Corporation and a small part of Kanksa Community Development Block.
The Grand Trunk Road (NH 19 - old numbering NH 2) runs across the subdivision and NH 14 (old numbering NH 60) connects Asansol with Odisha. NH 19 has been broadened as part of the Golden Quadrilateral project and now allows two-lane traffic in both directions. A highway bypass avoids the areas of Ushagram, Murgasol, Asansol Bazar, Chelidanga, BNR, Gopalpur, Neamatpur, Kulti and Barakar.
The South Bengal State Transport Corporation operates daily bus services to Kolkata and numerous other destinations, such as Malda, Siliguri, Midnapur, Bankura, Siuri, Purulia, Burdwan, Kalna, Habra, Barackpore, Digha, Bolpur, Kirnahar and Berhampore. The North Bengal State Transport Corporation also runs services to and from the city. There are also many private bus operators, Taxis, Radio Taxis like Ola Cabs etc. are working locally and interstate routes.
From its earliest days, Asansol has been the hub of railway transport in the region. The Asansol Railway Division is currently a part of the Eastern Railway Zone. The city serves as the headquarters of the eponymous division and spans a distance of 493 kilometres (306 mi), spread across West Bengal and Jharkhand. It includes important stations such as Andal, Raniganj and Durgapur.
The railway track from Kolkata to Delhi passes through the subdivision and bifurcates into the main line and the grand chord line at Sitarampur railway junction, a little to the west of Asansol railway junction. Another railway track links Asansol with Adra and then to Jamshedpur via Purulia and Kharagpur via Bankura. A branch line connects Andal with Sainthia on the Sahibganj Loop.
Almost all the trains linking Kolkata with north India also connect with Asansol. As a result, Asansol enjoys superb connectivity with cities like New Delhi, Jammu, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Dehradun, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore , Patna, Ranchi and Dhanbad on the one hand and commands a fairly good traffic movement towards the western cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Surat and southern cities like Bhubaneshwar, Visakhapatnam, Vijaywada, Chennai, Bangalore and Trivandrum. It is also connected with Guwahati in the north-east region.
Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport at Andal is the nearest domestic airport. It commenced operations in May 2015 and is roughly 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Asansol's City Bus Terminus. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum in Kolkata.
The economy of Asansol is primarily dependent on its steel, coal, railways and last but not the least trade and commerce .
The IISCO (Indian Iron and Steel Company Ltd) steel-making plant at Kulti was the first such facility in India. It became well-known during the 1960s and 1970s, with its company shares being traded on the London Stock Exchange. However, a decade later the company became loss-making until it was revived in 2006 when it merged with the Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL). Modernisation at IISCO Steel Plant has helped the city develop at a very rapid pace. The plant's capacity will be raised[when?] from 0.4 MT to 2.5 MT of saleable steel, using what will be the biggest blast furnace in the country.
Eastern Coalfields, which has its headquarters in Sanctoria near Dishergarh, has a significant presence in the area due to the huge deposits of high quality coal. However, most of the coalfields and surrounding residential colonies are located away from the main city. Nearby areas like Ranigunj, Chinakuri and Jamuria are of particular importance for coal blocks. As of 2012, the total coal reserve in the ECL command area up to 600 metre depth was 49.17 billion tonnes.
Railways also is a big contributor to the economy of Asansol. Railways was the first employer in the city and they are credited with developing the city in the late 19th century. Asansol is one of the four divisions of Eastern Railway Zone and among the major revenue generating divisions in Indian Railways.
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works at Chittaranjan is one of the largest locomotive manufacturing units in the world. Production began there on 26 January 1950, the same day that India became a republic. Currently it produces the WAP-4, WAP-5, WAP-7, WAG 7 and WAG 9 locomotives.
Other business ventures
Other industries include Dishergarh Power Supply, Damodar Valley Corporation, Burn Standard Co. which is now a subsidiary of Eastern Railways, Hindustan Cables Limited and cement factories like Burnpur Cement.
Among the many educational institutions are:
- Kazi Nazrul University
- Nazrul Centenary Polytechnic College
- Asansol Engineering College is among the top engineering colleges in West Bengal.
- Banwarilal Bhalotia College, Asansol
- Bidhan Chandra College, Asansol
- Asansol Girls' College
- Raniganj Girls' College
- Kulti College
- Triveni Devi Bhalotia College
- Deshbandhu Mahavidyalaya
- Kazi Nazrul Islam Mahavidyalaya
- Asansol Polytechnic college
- Kanyapur Polytechnic college
- Asansol Institute of Engineering and Management-Polytechnic
- St. Vincent High & Technical School
- St.Patricks Higher Secondary School
There are several public libraries, including the District Library.
Prasar Bharati has a High Power Transmitter Station at Asansol which broadcasts Doordarshan National / Bangla and Doordarshan News Channel. Transmissions are not only received by the city but also neighbouring places. Other than national channels, several local channels are available through cable TV networks, such as Vision 24, Drishti Channel, ATV, and ISP Channel.
Asansol currently has three FM radio stations: All India Radio, 92.7 BIG FM and 93.5 RED FM.
- The Polo Ground has been a landmark in Asansol for a long time. The ground got its name from the sport of polo which was played here during British rule. Asansol Indoor Stadium is on the same site and has a capacity of 500 spectators. The stadium, which is notable for having the largest shell concrete roof in the district, has two badminton courts and an interchangeable volleyball court. Adjacent to this is Asansol Stadium, where both district and subdivision level football and cricket matches are played.
- Eastern Railway Divisional Stadium, popularly known as the Loco Ground, houses several district and subdivision level football and cricket tournaments.
- The Burnpur Football Stadium is a centre of extensive sport activities. Players groomed in the SAIL Football Academy at Burnpur have represented SAIL in the Kolkata IFA and 1st Division League matches.
- Burnpur Cricket Club Ground is a first-class level cricket stadium located at Burnpur.
- Kazi Nazrul Islam Krirangan is being developed as an international standard stadium at the former Sen Raleigh Football Ground. When completed, it is expected to have a capacity of over 40,000 spectators and host international level tournaments like IPL[clarification needed] and ISL[clarification needed].
Asansol has hot and dry summers and cold chilly winters. In summers temperatures soar above 40 C with dry hot air blowing known as 'loo' while in winter temperatures go below 10 C. Monsoon lasts from August to September. The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Aw" (Tropical Savanna Climate).
|Climate data for Asansol, India|
|Average high °C (°F)||26
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
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-  Archived 23 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
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- History of The Indian Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. by Dr. N.R.Srinivasan
- Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk-lore of Bardhaman District) in Bengali by Akkari Chattopadhyay
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