Asansol–Patna section

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Asansol–Patna section
Overview
StatusOperational
LocaleWest Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar
TerminiAsansol
Patna
Operation
Opened1871
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)Eastern Railway, East Central Railway
Technical
Line length331 km (206 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gaugeBroad Gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Electrification25 kV 50 Hz AC OHLE in 1960-61 and during 1994-95 and 2000-01
Operating speedup to 130 km/h
Route map
km
331 Patna Junction
329 Rajendra Nagar Terminal
325 Gulzarbagh
322 Patna Sahib
Patna Ghat
319 Deedarganj
315 Banka Ghat
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 4
309 Fatuha Junction
307 Buddhdevchak Yadav Nagar
306 Harasbigha
301 Khusropur
297 Manjhauligram
(Halt)
295 Salimpur
293 Karauta
291 Teka Bigha
(Halt)
286 Bakhtiyarpur
280 Jai Prakash Mahuli
277 Athmal Gola
274 Achuara
268 Barh
266 Sabari
(Halt)
Barh Super Thermal Power Station
(NTPC Limited)
262 Railey
(Halt)
260 Lemuabad
258 Punarakh
255 Mamrakhabad
253 Kanhaipur
249 Mor
247 Barhapur
(Halt)
244 Shivnar
(Halt)
Bharat Wagon and Engineering
242 Mokama
238 Auta
(Halt)
237 Tall
234 Hathidah
230 Rampur Dumra
224 Barhiya
222 Ganga Sahay
220 Dumri
(Halt)
217 Dhurani Jwas
(Halt)
215 Mankatha
209 Lakhisarai Junction
208 Kiul Junction
206 Mahesh Leta
(Halt)
205 Lakhochak
(Halt)
204 Bansipur
203 Balaharpur
(Halt)
201 Manakpur
198 Bhalui
191 Kunder
(Halt)
Road marker IN SH.svg State Highway 72
181 Jamui
178 Chaura
166 Gidhaur
162 Dadpur
155 Jhajha
151 Rajla
147 Narganjo
(Halt)
142 Ghorparan
136 Simultala
133 Talwa Bazar
126 Lahabon
118 Tulsitanr
Dahwa River
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 333
111 Jasidih
104 Kumrabad Rohini
99 Sankarpur
93 Mathurapur
87 Nawapara
Pathrol Nadi
82 Madhupur
72 Joramow
Jayanti River
66 Madankata
57 Vidyasagar
Mihijam-Madhupur Road
48 Kaseetar
Mihijam-Madhupur Road
39 Jamtara
Mihijam-Madhupur Road
Mihijam-Madhupur Road
30 Bodma
25 Chittaranjan
Asansol–Chittaranjan Road
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works
21 Rupnarayanpur
Damgoria Colliery
13 Salanpur
Bonjemahari Colliery
9 Sitarampur
5 Barachak
0 Asansol Junction
km

The Asansol–Patna section is a railway line connecting Asansol in the Indian state of West Bengal and Patna in Bihar. The 331 km (206 mi) line passes through the fringe areas of West Bengal, a portion of Santhal Parganas in Jharkhand and the Gangetic Plain in Bihar.

History[edit]

The first rail track between Howrah and Delhi was via what was later named as Sahibganj Loop and the first through train on the route was run in 1864. The Kiul-Patna sector was ready around 1862. A "shorter main line" connecting Raniganj and Kiul Junction was in position in 1871 and the opening of the Grand Chord in 1907 shortened the distance from Howrah to Delhi even further.[1][2][3]

Electrification[edit]

The Asansol-Sitarampur sector was electrified in 1960-61 and the rest of the Asansol–Patna section was electrified during the period 1994-95 to 2000-2001. Sector-wise progress was as follows: Sitarampur-Chittaranjan 1994-95, Chittaranjan-Jamtara 1995-96, Jamtara-Jasidih 1996-97, Jasidih-Narganjo 1997-98, Narganjo-Jhajha 1998-99, Jhajha-Kiul in 1997-98, Kiul-Mankatha 1999-2000, Mankatha-Barhaiya 2000-01, Barhaiya-Mokama 1999-2000 Mokama-Fatuha 1998-99, Fatuha-Danapur 1999-2000.[4]

Speed limit[edit]

The entire Sitarampur-Patna-Mughalsarai line is classified as "B Class" line, where trains can run at speeds up to 130 km/h.[5]

Passenger movement[edit]

Patna and Asansol, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[6]

Sheds and workshops[edit]

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, one of the largest electric locomotive manufacturers in the world, is located on this line. Initially started for manufacturing steam locomotives, it went into production on 26 January 1950, the day when India became a republic. It now produces AC and DC locomotives and accessories.[7]

Asansol is home to the oldest electric loco shed of Indian Railways. It houses WAG-5 and WAM-4 electric locomotives.[8]

Railway reorganisation[edit]

In 1952, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North Eastern Railway were formed. Eastern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company, east of Mughalsarai and Bengal Nagpur Railway. Northern Railway was formed with a portion of East Indian Railway Company west of Mughalsarai, Jodhpur Railway, Bikaner Railway and Eastern Punjab Railway. North Eastern Railway was formed with Oudh and Tirhut Railway, Assam Railway and a portion of Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway.[9] East Central Railway was created in 1996-97.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Railway History Time line by R.P.Saxena
  2. ^ "IR History: Early days I (1832-18690". IRFCA. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  3. ^ "IR History:Early days II (1870-1899)". Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  4. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Permanent Way". Track Classifications. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Chittaranjan Locomotive Works". Indian Railwaya. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  10. ^ "East Central Railway". ECR. Retrieved 28 March 2014.

External links[edit]