Asansol Junction railway station

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Asansol Junction
আসানসোল জংশন
आसनसोल जंक्शन
Express train & Passenger train station
Asansol Railway Station.jpg
Asansol railway station
Location Station Road, Asansol, Paschim Bardhaman district, West Bengal
Coordinates 23°41′29″N 86°58′29″E / 23.69131°N 86.974792°E / 23.69131; 86.974792Coordinates: 23°41′29″N 86°58′29″E / 23.69131°N 86.974792°E / 23.69131; 86.974792
Elevation 96 metres (315 ft)
Owned by Indian Railways
Operated by Eastern Railway zone
South Eastern Railway zone
Line(s) Bardhaman-Asansol section and Asansol-Patna section of Howrah-Delhi main line
Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord and Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line
Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
Platforms 7
Connections Arrival, Departure time: 131 (manual), 133 (pre-recorded)
Reservation Enquiry: +91 341 2204630
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Parking Available
Bicycle facilities Available
Other information
Status Functioning
Station code ASN
Zone(s) Eastern Railway zone
South Eastern Railway zone
Division(s) Asansol
Opened 1863-64
Electrified 1957-1962
Previous names East Indian Railway
Bengal Nagpur Railway

Asansol Junction railway station is a railway station in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Asansol and the surrounding areas.


Asansol railway station nameplate

Mining-industry zone[edit]

"The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond is industrialized. Apart from factories, there are many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extends for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passes through cuttings, where the surrounding area is higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks." This description is from "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record" by Samit Roychoudhury.[1]


station platform
station platform board

During the middle of the nineteenth century, M/s Carr, Tagore & Company transported coal from Narayankuri ghat on the Damodar River to Kolkata, then known as Calcutta. However, as the flow of water in the river was inconsistent, supplies were irregular. In order to capture the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway, extended the railway track that had been laid between Kolkata and Hooghly to Raniganj in 1855 and up to Asansol in July 1863.[2][3][4]

The East Indian Railway needed land to develop the infrastructure for the railways. While the Searsol Raj, then the zamindar in the Raniganj area, refused to provide the land, the Panchakot Raj, then functioning from Kashipur, agreed to provide the land in Shergarh, of which Asansol was then a part. In 1863-64, East Indian Railway purchased a large area of jungle land from the Panchakot Raj, thereby initiating the development of Asansol as an industrial area.[3][4]

Subsequently, Asansol gained further in importance. What was later known as the Sahibganj Loop was the first line from Kolkata to Delhi and the first direct train started in 1866, but the shorter line via Asansol and Jhajha came up in 1871. It was initially called the Chord line but as it attracted more traffiic, was rechristened the main line and the earlier main line became Sahibganj loop. With the completion of the Sitarampur-Gaya-Mughalsarai Grand Chord in 1901 (formally inaugurated in 1906 and finally opened in 1907), the Kolkata-Delhi rail distance became even shorter, and Asansol started functioning as the junction station of the main and chord lines, as Sitarampur, the actual junction, near Asansol, is a comparatively smaller station.[4][5]

While momentous developments were taking place in connecting Delhi and Kolkata by rail, Bengal Nagpur Railway extended its tracks to the Asansol coal belt in 1887, thus connecting Adra with Asansol.[2]

The railway establishment at Asansol contributed substantially to its development and growth.[3]


Electrification of the railways gained momentum in the early fifties. Although initial installations were with 3 kV DC traction, the railways subsequently adopted the 25 kV AC system. Electrification of the Bardhaman-Mughalsarai section was completed in 1957 and the Howrah-Gaya stretch was electrified by around 1960.[6] The Tatanagar-Adra-Asansol section was electrified in the 1957-1962 period.[7]

Locomotive shed[edit]

Asansol is home to the oldest electric locomotive shed of Indian Railways. It houses WAG-5 and WAM-4 WAG-7 and WAG-9 electric locomotives.[8]

Asansol Division[edit]

Established in 1925, Asansol Division is one of the oldest divisions of Indian Railways. On the Howrah-Delhi main line, its jurisdiction extends from the distant signal of Khana junction to the distant signal of Jhajha . On the Grand Chord line its jurisdiction extends up to the distant signal of Pradhankhunta. Branch lines under its jurisdiction are: Andal-Sainthia, Andal-Tapasi-Barabani-Sitarampur, Madhupur-Giridih, Jasidih-Baidyanathdham and Jasidih-Dumka. With a total of 565 route kilometers, the division has quadruple lines (two up and two down line) from Khana to Sitarampur. It handles 100 mail/express trains daily and 212 passenger train runs per day. The number of originating passengers per day is 144,070.[9]

Passenger movement[edit]

Asansol is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[10] 152 trains (including weeklies and bi-weeklies) originate or pass through Asansol railway station.[11] All trains except the Howrah Rajdhani and Howrah/Sealdah Duronto stop here.


Escalator at Asansol Junction

Asansol railway station has 3 double-bedded AC retiring rooms, 2 double-bedded non-AC retiring rooms and an eight-bedded dormitory. Escalators are present at platform no. 2 & 7.[12]


  1. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA). 
  2. ^ a b "The Chronology of Railway Development in Eastern India.". railindia. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Asansol". railindia. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Indian Railway History Timeline". Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Hazaribagh District (1918)". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Electric Traction - I". IRFCA (Indian Railways Fan Club). Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Ghose, Arabinda. "Platinum Jubilee of Railway Electrification in India". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Eastern Railway". Asansol Division. Eastern Railway. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Trains at Asansol Junction". IRFCA. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Retiring Room Details". Eastern Railway. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
Bardhaman–Asansol section
to Asansol–Gaya section, Main Line
to Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
106 Asansol Junction
Burnpur Airport / Grand Trunk Road
freight bypass to Damodar Station
101 Kalipahari / Asansol Airfield
Nunia River
88 Raniganj
Damodar River
Mejia Thermal Power Station
83 Baktarnagar Halt
to Andal–Sitarampur branch line
to Andal–Sainthia branch line
80 Andal / Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
Andal Marshalling Yard
74 Pinjrapol Halt
72 Waria
Durgapur Steel Plant
Alloy Steels Plant
Raturia Angadpur industrial area
Durgapur Projects Limited (DPL)
64 Durgapur
Jai Balaji Industries
Indian Oil Corporation depot
56 Rajbandh
48 Panagarh / Panagarh Airport
NH 2 / Grand Trunk Road
38 Mankar
29 Paraj
23 Galsi
20 Ishan Chandi Halt
to Sahibganj Loop
13 Khana
8 Talit
to Burdwan Katwa Railway
0 Barddhaman Junction
Main line, Chord

Sources: [1][2]

External links[edit]

Asansol travel guide from Wikivoyage

Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
Eastern Railway zone
Terminus South Eastern Railway zone
  1. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info. 
  2. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.