Asansol Sadar subdivision

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Asansol Sadar subdivision
আসানসোল সদর মহকুমা
Subdivision
Panoramic view of the old IISCO Plant
Panoramic view of the old IISCO Plant
Asansol Sadar subdivision is located in West Bengal
Asansol Sadar subdivision
Asansol Sadar subdivision
Asansol Sadar subdivision is located in India
Asansol Sadar subdivision
Asansol Sadar subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°41′N 86°59′E / 23.68°N 86.98°E / 23.68; 86.98Coordinates: 23°41′N 86°59′E / 23.68°N 86.98°E / 23.68; 86.98
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman district
Headquarters Asansol
Area
 • Total 831.89 km2 (321.19 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,672,659
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Asansol Sadar subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.[1]

Overview[edit]

Asansol Sadar subdivision is part of the Ajay Damodar Barakar tract. This area is sort of an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a rocky undulating area with laterite soil, with the Ajay on the north, the Damodar on the south and the Barakar on the west. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal in the 18th century led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2][3]Maithon Dam of Damodar Valley Corporation, located in Jharkhand, is on the border of this subdivision.[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

Paschim Bardhaman district is divided into the following two administrative subdivisions:[5][6]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Asansol Sadar Asansol 831.89 1,672,659 16.67 83.33
Durgapur Durgapur 771.28 1,209,372 20.78 79.22
Paschim Bardhaman district Asansol 1,603.17 2,882,031 18.39 81.61

Note:Before bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district Galsi I was in Durgapur subdivision, but after bifurcation it is in Bardhman Sadar North subdivision.

Administrative units[edit]

Asansol subdivision has 10 police stations, 4 community development blocks, 4 panchayat samitis, 35 gram panchayats, 181 mouzas, 165 inhabited villages, 1 municipal corporation, 3 municipalities and 26 census towns+1 (partly). The single municipal corporation is at Asansol. The municipalities are at: Raniganj, Jamuria and Kulti. The census towns are: Chittaranjan, Hindustan Cables Town, Domohani, Bhanowara, Majiara, Pangachhiya, Charanpur, Kunustara, Topsi, Nimsa, Chinchuria, Kenda, Parasia, Ratibati, Chapui, Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Banshra, Belebathan, Chelad, Murgathaul, Amkula, Baktarnagar, Egara, Sahebganj, Raghunathchak, Ballavpur and Kendra Khottamdi (partly). The subdivision has its headquarters at Asansol.[7][8]

According to the Kolkata Gazette notification of 3 June 2015, the municipal areas of Kulti, Raniganj and Jamuria were included within the jurisdiction of Asansol Municipal Corporation.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India data Asansol Sadar subdivision, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, had a total population of 1,672,659. There were 868,696 (51%) males and 803,963 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 192,151.[10]

As per the 2011 census data the total number of literates in Asansol subdivision, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, was 1,147,851 (77.53% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 649,034 (84.41% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 468,857 (65.85% of the female population over 6 years).[10]

Religion in Asansol subdivision
Hindu
  
80.84%
Muslim
  
16.93%
Christian
  
0.57%
Others
  
1.66%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 1,352,185 and formed 80.84% of the population in Asansol subdivision. Muslims numbered 283,225 and formed 16.93% of the population. Christians numbered 9,478 and formed 0.57% of the population. Others numbered 2,771 and formed 1.66% of the population.[11]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Asansol Sadar subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[12][13]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Chittaranjan 18.03 - Salanpur
Salanpur 52.09 - Salanpur
Barabani 158.87 - Barabani
Asansol North 49 Asansol Raniganj
Raniganj 113.05 Raniganj -
Jamuria 220 Jamuria Jamuria
Asansol Women Asansol and Durgapur subdivisions - -
Asansol South 69 Asansol -
Hirapur 63.33 Asansol -
Kulti 96 Kulti -

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Asansol Sadar subdivision are:[14][15]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Salanpur Rupnarayanpur 135.05 160,357 24.10 10.48 94.31 3.57 78.76 2
Barabani Domohani Bazar 156.35 127,542 29.44 14.82 87.95 11.07 69.58 5
Jamuria Bahadurpur 158.10 123,176 30.68 8.34 88.18 11.21 69.42 6+1 (part)
Raniganj Raniganj 58.28 106,441 35.22 9.38 90.87 6.42 73.86 13

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 35 gram panchayats under 4 community development blocks:[16]

  • Barabani block consists of eight gram panchayats, viz. Baraboni, Itapara, Nuni, Panuria, Domohani, Jamgram, Panchgechhia and Punchrah.
  • Jamuria block consists of ten gram panchayats, viz. Bahadurpur, Dobrana, Madantor, Tapsi, Chinchuria, Hijalgara, Parasia, Churulia, Kenda and Shyamla.
  • Raniganj block consists of six gram panchayats, viz. Amrasota, Egra, Ratibati, Ballavpur, Jemeri and Tirat.
  • Salanpur block consists of eleven gram panchayats, viz. Achhra, Dendua, Fulberia Bolkunda, Alladi, Ethora, Rupnarayanpur, Basudevpur Jemari, Jitpur–Uttarrampur, Salanpur, Kalya and Samdi.

Economy[edit]

Coal mining[edit]

Coalmining in India first started in the Raniganj Coalfield. In 1774, John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatly of the British East India Company found coal near Ethora, presently in Salanpur CD Block.[17]

In 1973, the Government of India took over the management of all non-coking coal mines in the country and in 1975 Coal India was formed to manage the coking and non-coking coal mines.[18]

In 2015-16, Eastern Coalfields, a subsidiary of Coal India, produced 40.209 million tonnes of raw coal.[19] As of January 2017, it employed 64,433 persons.[20]

Railways[edit]

Narayankuri ghat, on the Damodar, was used by Carr Tagore & Company for transporting coal to Kolkata by boat in the middle of the nineteenth century.[21] Varying levels of water in the Damodar posed problems for transportation. In order to capture the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway laid lines up to Raniganj in 1855.[21] It captured the entire coal transport business. The line was extended to Asansol in 1863.[21]

The Bardhaman-Asansol section, Asansol-Gaya section and Asansol-Patna section, of Eastern Railway, which are part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, pass through this subdivision. The Andal-Jamuria-Sitarampur branch line also serves the coal mines. This subdivision connects to South Eastern Railway through the Asansol-Adra line.

Industry[edit]

IISCO Steel Plant of Steel Authority of India at Burnpur has a crude steel production capacity of 2.5 million tonnes per year.[22] The modernisation and expansion programme of IISCO Steel Plant, implemented with an investment of over Rs 16,000 crore, was dedicated to the nation by Narendra Modi, Prime Minister, on 10 May 2015.[23] As of 2015, the investment for modernization was the single largest investment in West Bengal till then.[24] Established in 1918, the Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO) was amalgamated with SAIL in 2006 and renamed IISCO Steel Plant.[22]

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works is one of the largest electric locomotive manufacturers in the world. Established in 1950, it produced steam locomotives up to 1972.[25]

Education[edit]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Paschim Bardhaman district, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, with data for the year 2013-14:[26]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student
Asansol Sadar 678 97,084 33 4,029 57 41,686 95 109,054 8 18,463 41 8,036 1,608 45,957
Durgapur 399 62339 23 1,904 43 28,057 64 83,075 6 11,229 36 18,090 1,337 45,014
Paschim Bardhaman district 1,077 159,423 56 5,933 110 69,743 159 192,129 14 29,692 77 26,126 2,945 90,971

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[26]

The following institutions are located in Asansol subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Paschim Bardhaman district, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, with data for the year 2013-14.[39]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Asansol 1 1 6 22 2 - 14 78 124 4,399 566 113,234 1,713,044
Durgapur 1 - 3 10 1 - 9 38 62 2,034 364 79,876 1,837,026
Paschim Bardhaman district 2 1 9 32 3 - 23 116 183 9,433 930 193,110 3,550,070

Asansol subdivision has a subdivisional hospital at Asansol. There is a rural hospital at Ballavpur. The subdivision has block primary health centres at Pithaikuri, Kelejhora, Bahadurpur, Akalpur and Raniganj, and primary health centres at Dabar, Parbatpur, Domohani, Panuria, Nuni, Lalganj, Churulia, Chinchunria, Birkulti, Baktarnagar and Tirat.[40] Other hospitals in Asansol subdivision include ECL Central Hospital at Kalla, Sanctoria Hospital at Dishergarh, ECL’s Banshra Hospital at Banshra, ECL’s Salanpur Hospital at Dendua,[41] Divisional Railway Hospital at Asansol, ESI Hospital at Kanyapur, HLG Memorial Hospital at Kanyapur,[42][43] Marwari Relief Society Hospital at Raniganj, Anandlok Hospital at Raniganj,[44] Burnpur Hospital of SAIL at Burnpur.[45] and Kasturba Gandhi Hospital of Chittaranjan Locomotive Works at Chittaranjan.[46]

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Asansol subdivision were as follows:[47]

Lok Sabha constituency Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Asansol Kulti None Kulti municipality
Barabni None Barabani and Salanpur CD Blocks
Asansol Uttar None Ward nos. 1 to 8, 10 to 17, 19, 21 to 33 of Asansol municipal corporation
Asansol Dakshin None Ward nos. 9, 18, 20, 34 to 50 of Asansol municipal corporation and Amrasota, Egra, Ballavpur, Jemari and Tirat gram panchayats of Raniganj CD Block
Jamuria None Jamuria municipality, Jamuria CD Block, and Ratibati gram panchayat of Raniganj CD Block
Raniganj None Raniganj municipality and Andal CD Block of Durgapur subdivision.
Pandaveswar None Pandabeswar and Faridpur Durgapur CD Blocks of Durgapur subdivision

External links[edit]

  • Asansol travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Maithon travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://wb.gov.in/portal/web/guest/news-corner/-/asset_publisher/DRJNTTCAyFo0/content/-west-burdwan-the-23rd-district-of-west-bengal-;jsessionid=vnN0KI0PJmHoD4QJWcXlM4kj?redirect=https%3A%2F%2Fwb.gov.in%2Fportal%2Fweb%2Fguest%2Fnews-corner%3Bjsessionid%3DvnN0KI0PJmHoD4QJWcXlM4kj%3Fp_p_id%3D101_INSTANCE_DRJNTTCAyFo0%26p_p_lifecycle%3D0%26p_p_state%3Dnormal%26p_p_mode%3Dview%26p_p_col_id%3Dcolumn-2%26p_p_col_count%3D1
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  34. ^ "Trivenidevi Bhalotia College". TDB College. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
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  37. ^ "Deshbandhu Mahavidyalaya". DM. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  38. ^ "Gupta College of Technological Sciences". GCTS. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
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