Asayish (Kurdistan Regional Government)

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Asayîş
Encumena Asayîşa Herêma Kurdistanê
Agency overview
Formed1993; 26 years ago (1993)
HeadquartersErbil, Duhok and Sulaymaniyah
Employees+ 10000
Agency executive
  • Esmat Argushi
Parent agencyKurdistan Region Security Council

Asayîş or Asayish (Kurdish for security[1]) is the Kurdish security organization and the primary intelligence agency operating in the Kurdistan region in Iraq. The organization was established in September 1993[2] and has been often referred to as "intelligence agency",[3] "security force",[3] "security service",[4] "security",[5] "secret service",[6] "secret police",[7] or just "Kurdish police."[3] Asayesh coordinates and shares information with Parastin and Zanyari, the investigative arms and intelligence gatherers operating in the Kurdistan region in Iraq.

It acts under the command of the Kurdish National Assembly and the Kurdistan Regional Government.[2]

Its official goals according to the Kurdistan authority are:

  • Counter-drug trafficking
  • Counter-terrorism
  • Counter-espionage
  • Gathering intelligence
  • Assessing threats to Iraq's national security.

The organization has jurisdiction over:

Controversies[edit]

In 2009 Amnesty International accused Asayesh of abusing human rights[which?] and claimed that the agency was "above the law" in Iraqi Kurdistan.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, Judith (1993-01-03). "Iraq Accused: A Case of Genocide". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
  2. ^ a b Mew
  3. ^ a b c "Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG)". Archived from the original on 2007-10-21. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  4. ^ McNair, James (2006-07-03). "Gary Trotter: My Life In Media". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
  5. ^ Mounting social crisis in Kurdish Iraq
  6. ^ Shadid, Anthony; Fainaru, Steve. "Militias Wresting Control Across Iraq's North and South". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
  7. ^ "A detour with Kurdish secret police |The Agonist". Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  8. ^ "Iraq: Hope and fear: Human rights in the Kurdistan region of Iraq". Amnesty International. 2009-04-20. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-14.