Ascoli Piceno

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Ascoli Piceno
Comune
Città di Ascoli Piceno
Piazza del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo
Coat of arms of Ascoli Piceno
Coat of arms
Ascoli Piceno is located in Italy
Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno
Location of Ascoli Piceno in Italy
Coordinates: 42°51′N 13°35′E / 42.850°N 13.583°E / 42.850; 13.583Coordinates: 42°51′N 13°35′E / 42.850°N 13.583°E / 42.850; 13.583
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province / Metropolitan city Ascoli Piceno (AP)
Frazioni see list
Government
 • Mayor Guido Castelli
Area
 • Total 160 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation 154 m (505 ft)
Population (31 August 2015)[1]
 • Total 49,519
 • Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ascolani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 63100
Dialing code 0736
Patron saint St. Emygdius
Saint day August 5
Website Official website

Ascoli Piceno ([ˈaskoli piˈtʃɛːno] About this sound listen ; Latin: Asculum)[2] is a town and comune in the Marche region of Italy, capital of the province of the same name. Its population is around 49,000[1] but the urban area of the city has more than 100,000.

Geography[edit]

The town lies at the confluence of the Tronto River and the small river Castellano and is surrounded on three sides by mountains. Two natural parks border the town, one on the northwestern flank (Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini) and the other on the southern (Parco Nazionale dei Monti della Laga).

Ascoli has good rail connections to the Adriatic coast and the city of San Benedetto del Tronto, by highway to Porto d'Ascoli and by the Italian National Road 4 Salaria to Rome.

History[edit]

Ascoli was founded by an Italic population (Piceni) several centuries before Rome's founding on the important Via Salaria, the salt road that connected Latium with the salt production areas on the Adriatic coast. In 268 BC it became a civitas foederata, a "federated" city with nominal independence from Rome. In 91 BC, together with other cities in central Italy, it revolted against Rome, but in 89 BC was reconquered and destroyed by Pompeius Strabo. Its inhabitants acquired Roman citizenship, following the developments and the eventual fall of the Roman Republic.

During the Middle Ages Ascoli was ravaged by the Ostrogoths and then by the Lombards of King Faroald (578). After nearly two centuries as part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto (593–789), Ascoli was ruled by the Franks through their vicars, but ultimately it was the bishops that gained influence and power over the city.

In 1189 a free republican municipality was established but internal strife led dramatically to the demise of civic values and freedom and to unfortunate ventures against neighboring enemies. This unstable situation opened the way to foreign dictatorships, like those of Galeotto I Malatesta (14th century), initially recruited as a mercenary (condottiero) in the war against Fermo, and Francesco Sforza. Sforza was ousted in 1482, but Ascoli was again compelled to submit to the Papal suzerainty. In 1860 it was annexed, together with Marche and Umbria, into the newly unified Kingdom of Italy.

The monumental entrance of Julius II in the church of San Francesco

Main sights[edit]

Many of the buildings in the central historical part of the city are built using marble called travertino, a grey-hued stone extracted from the surrounding mountains. Its central Renaissance square, Piazza del Popolo ("Square of the People") is surrounded by a number of buildings utilizing this stone, now often hosting open-air markets. A few blocks away, the Piazza Arringo, or piazza dell'Arengo, was the administrative and religious center of the town, surrounded by the Cathedral, the baptistery, the Bishop's residence, and the Palace of the Commune. According to traditional accounts, Ascoli Piceno once housed some two hundred towers in the Middle Ages: today some fifty can still be seen.

Main sights include:

Churches and convents[edit]

  • Edicola di Morelli: Monumental baroque niche attached to the exterior of the church of San Francesco at the Piazza del Popolo. The niche housed a venerated Madonna image, putatively designed by Lazzaro Morelli, a disciple of Gianlorenzo Bernini.

Secular buildings[edit]

Porta Gemina
Porta Tufilla.
  • The Palazzo dei Capitani del Popolo ("Palace of the People's Captains"). Built in the 13th century connecting three pre-existing edifices, it was the seat of the podestà, the people's captains and, later, of the Papal governors. In the 15th century the southern side was enlarged, and, in 1520, a Mannerist façade was added in the rear side. In 1535 it underwent a general renovation, and in 1549 a new portal, with a monument of Pope Paul III, was added.
  • Palazzo dell'Arengo, located near the Cathedral
  • Palazzo Malaspina: Palace in Corso Mezzini, previous 14th-century structure reconstructed in the 16th century using designs attributed to architect Cola dell'Amatrice.
  • Roman Solestà Bridge
  • Porta Gemina ("Twin Gate"): an ancient Roman gate from the 1st century BC, through which the Via Salaria entered the city. The ruins of the ancient theater are located nearby. It had two passageways, each 5.70 metres (18.7 ft) tall and 2.95 metres (9.7 ft) wide
  • Porta Tufilla, a tower-like gate built in 1552–55. It is annexed to the Ponte Tufillo, a medieval bridge built in 1097 over the River Tronto.
  • Ponte di Cecco (Cecco Bridge), over the Castellano, recently identified of being of Roman Republican origin
  • Ponte Maggiore ("Great Bridge"), of medieval origin
  • Lombard Palace and the Ercolani Tower (11th-12th centuries)
  • Loggia dei Mercanti: a 16th-century portico annexed to the church of San Francesco. It was commissioned by the city's wool traders guild and finished in 1513.
  • Fortezza Pia, a fortress commanding the city rebuilt in 1560 by Pope Pius IV (whence the name).
  • Malatesta Fortress, in a site probably occupied by Roman baths. It was rebuilt by Galeotto I Malatesta, lord of Rimini, during the war against Fermo. The construction, used as a jail until 1978, was enlarged by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger in 1543.
  • Grotte dell'Annunziata ("Grottoes of the Annunciation"), a large portico with niches from the 2nd-1st centuries BC, whose original function is unknown (it has been suggested that they could be barracks or slaves dwellings, or a fortified palace[3])

In Castel Trosino, not far from the city, in 1893 a rare 6th-century Lombard necropolis was found.

Parks and gardens[edit]

Palazzo dei Capitani del Popolo.

Economy[edit]

Recent industrialization has brought to Ascoli several Italian and multinational companies (YKK, Manuli, Pfizer, Barilla) but the bulk of the economy is made up of small and medium-sized enterprises and by those providing professional services to the area. Agriculture is still important (wheat, olives, fruits).

Transport[edit]

Ascoli Piceno railway station, opened in 1886, is the southwestern terminus of the San Benedetto del Tronto–Ascoli Piceno railway, a branch of the Adriatic railway.

Culture and sport[edit]

The main festivity is on the first Sunday in August. The historical parade with more than 1500 people dressed in Renaissance costume is held in celebration of Saint Emidio, protector of the city. The parade is followed by a tournament, called Quintana, in which six knights, each competing for one of the six neighborhoods in the city, ride the course one after the other trying to hit an effigy of an Arab warrior. Strength and ability are necessary for the knight to win the palio or grand prize.

The town is also home to Ascoli Picchio F.C. 1898, currently in the Serie B.

The Castellano river is a site for swimming and bathing in summer.

Gastronomy[edit]

Olive ascolane is a dish which originated from this locality. It is prepared from olives.

Territorial subdivision[edit]

Bivio Giustimana, Campolungo-villa sant'Antonio, Caprignano, Carpineto, Casa circondariale, Casalena, Casamurana, Case di Cioccio, Casette, Castel di Lama stazione, Castel Trosino, Cervara, Colle, Colle san Marco, Colloto, Colonna, Colonnata, Faiano, Funti, Giustimana, Il Palazzo, Lago, Lisciano, Lisciano di Colloto, Montadamo, Morignano, Mozzano, Oleificio Panichi, Palombare, Pedana, Piagge, Pianaccerro, Poggio di Bretta, Polesio, Ponte Pedana, Porchiano, Rosara, San Pietro, Santa Maria a Corte, Talvacchia, Taverna di mezzo, Trivigliano-villa Pagani, Tronzano, Valle Fiorana, Valle Senzana, Valli, Vena piccola, Venagrande, Villa S. Antonio.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Ascoli Piceno is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Population data from Istat
  2. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory. I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 607. ISBN 0691049459. 
  3. ^ Carducci, Giambattista (1853). Su le memorie e i monumenti di Ascoli nel Piceno. Fermo: Arnaldo Forni Editore. pp. 206–209. 
  4. ^ Banská Bystrica, Sister cities - Twin towns
  5. ^ Chattanooga Sister Cities
  6. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]