Ascomycin

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Ascomycin
Ascomycin structure.png
Clinical data
Synonyms 17-ethyl-1,14-dihydroxy-12-[2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-cyclohexyl)-1-methyl-vinyl]-23,25-dimethoxy-13,19,21,27-tetramethyl-11,28-dioxa-4-aza-tricyclo[22.3.1.04,9]octacos-18-ene-2,3,10,16-tetraone
ATC code
  • none
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.184.846
Chemical and physical data
Formula C43H69NO12
Molar mass 792.01 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Ascomycin, also called Immunomycin, FR-900520, FK520, is an ethyl analog of tacrolimus (FK506) with strong immunosuppressant properties. It has been researched for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and skin diseases, and to prevent rejection after an organ transplant.

Ascomycin acts by binding to immunophilins, especially macrophilin-12. It appears that Ascomycin inhibits the production of Th1 (interferon- and IL-2) and Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10) cytokines. Additionally, ascomycin preferentially inhibits the activation of mast cells, an important cellular component of the atopic response. Ascomycin produces a more selective immunomodulatory effect in that it inhibits the elicitation phase of allergic contact dermatitis but does not impair the primary immune response when administered systemically.

Ascomycin is produced by the fermentation of Streptomyces hygroscopicus.

In fiction[edit]

Ascomycin is also the name of a fictional "antiagathic" (anti-aging) drug in James Blish's future history Cities in Flight.

Related compounds[edit]

Tacrolimus, Pimecrolimus

References[edit]

  • Griffiths CE. Ascomycin: an advance in the management of atopic dermatitis. Br J Dermatol. 2001. Apr;144(4):679-81.
  • Kawai, M., et al., Structure-activity profiles of macrolactam immunosuppressant FK-506 analogues. FEBS Lett. 1993. 316(2): 107-13.
  • Zuberbier T, Chong SU, Grunow K, Guhl S, Welker P, Grassberger M, Henz BM. The ascomycin macrolactam pimecrolimus (Elidel, SDZ ASM 981) is a potent inhibitor of mediator release from human dermal mast cells and peripheral blood basophils. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001. Aug;108(2): 275-80.
  • Mollison KW, Fey TA, Krause RA, Thomas VA, Mehta AP, Luly JR. Comparison of FK-506, rapamycin, ascomycin, and cyclosporine in mouse models of host-versus-graft disease and heterotopic heart transplantation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1993. Jun 23; 685:55-7.
  • Morisaki M, Arai T., Related Articles, Identity of immunosuppressant FR-900520 with ascomycin. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1992. Jan;45(1):126-8.
  • Paul C., Graeber M, Stuetz A., Ascomycins: promising agents for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2000. Jan;9(1):69-77.#Mrowietz U., Macrolide immunosuppressants. Eur J Dermatol. 1999. Jul-Aug;9(5):346-51.

External links[edit]