Holy Trinity parish church
|Population||504 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Chipping Norton|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Ascott-under-Wychwood Community Website|
Ascott-under-Wychwood is a village and civil parish in the Evenlode valley about 4.5 miles (7 km) south of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 560.
The village is one of three named after the historic forest of Wychwood; the others being Shipton-under-Wychwood and Milton-under-Wychwood. “Ascott” is derived from the Old English ēast (east) and cot (cottage).
Manor and castle
Ascot d'Oilly Castle was built in about 1129–50 and a stone tower was added to it in the 13th century. The castle bailey is now occupied by the manor house, which is mainly 16th and 17th century but contains some 13th century buttressed and other stonework.
Holy Trinity Church of England parish church was built in about 1200 in a transitional style from Norman to Early English. Surviving transitional work includes the south porch, and the four-bay arcade between the nave and the north aisle. The chancel arch and the lancet windows along the side of the north aisle are Early English.
Most of the present windows in the nave and chancel were inserted in the 14th and 15th centuries, including the Decorated Gothic east windows of the chancel and north aisle and the Perpendicular Gothic south windows of the chancel and west window of the aisle. Also Perpendicular Gothic are the chancel piscina and sedilia, the octagonal baptismal font and a small chapel next to the chancel.
The upper stages of the bell tower were built in the 15th century. The building was restored in 1857–59 under the direction of the Oxford Diocesan architect G.E. Street. Holy Trinity is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of six bells. Five of these including the tenor bell were cast in 1744 by Henry III Bagley of Chacombe, Northamptonshire, who at the time had also a bell-foundry at Witney. The treble was cast in 1905 by Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. There is also a Sanctus bell cast in 1797 by Thomas I Mears.
The Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway was built in 1845 and opened Ascott-under-Wychwood railway station to serve the village. The OW&WR is now the Cotswold Line and the station is served by First Great Western trains.
In 1873 a farmer dismissed several men of Ascott-under-Wychwood because they had formed a branch of the National Union of Agricultural Workers. He hired labourers from the village of Ramsden to work as strikebreakers but a group of women from Ascott-under-Wychwood tried to dissuade the Ramsden labourers from working. 16 of the women were arrested, tried by magistrates in Chipping Norton and given short sentences of imprisonment in Oxford Castle. Their convictions were met with rioting in Chipping Norton, questions in Parliament and a royal pardon from Queen Victoria. The 16 are commemorated as the Ascott Martyrs. In 1874 at least four of the women emigrated with their families to New Zealand, where they now have numerous descendants. In 1973 on the centenary of the women's ordeal a commemorative bench was erected in the village.
Ascott-under-Wychwood has a community shop, which was opened in 2003.
- "Area: Ascott-under-Wychwood (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Field, John (1980). Place-names of Great Britain and Ireland. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. p. 26. ISBN 0389201545. OCLC 6964610.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 423–424.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 423
- Historic England. "Church of the Holy Trinity (1368158)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
- Davies, Peter (11 December 2006). "Ascott under Wychwood, Holy Trinity". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
- Archbishops' Council. "Ascott-under-Wychwood: Holy Trinity, Ascott-under-Wychwood". A Church Near You. Church of England.
- Johnson, Ben. "Ascott Martyrs". Historic UK.
- "The Ascott Martyrs". WebCite. 6 August 2000. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009.
- "Ascott-under-Wychwood 2002 (Kingsley)". Ascott-under-Wychwood Community Website. 1 February 2002.
- The Swan
- Wilkinson, Ben (9 August 2012). "Pubs: Last orders for 50 Oxfordshire pubs in five years". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "The Swan, Ascott-under-Wychwood: Flying high again". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- Ascott Village Shop
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 423–424. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
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