Ash Ra Tempel
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|Ash Ra Tempel|
|Years active||1970–1976, 2000–2001|
|Labels||Ohr, Virgin, Komische, King, Cleopatra, Spalax|
|Associated acts||Ashra, Eruption, Klaus Schulze, Cosmic Jokers, Bettina Hohls, Timothy Leary, Agitation Free, Wallenstein|
|Past members||Manuel Göttsching|
Ash Ra Tempel was a German krautrock group active from 1970 to 1976. It was Manuel Göttsching's first prominent musical output. Ash Ra Tempel featured revolving members, with only Göttsching remaining constant. Eventually, Göttsching retired the use of the Ash Ra Tempel name after he became the sole remaining member. His first solo album Inventions for Electric Guitar was the last album to bear the Ash Ra Tempel name. It was subtitled "Ash Ra Tempel VI" functioning as the sixth and final album. Göttsching later began using the name Ashra for his solo output as an homage to his former group. Ashra eventually evolved into a full band and continued along with Göttsching until 1998.
The group was founded by guitarist Manuel Göttsching, keyboardist/drummer Klaus Schulze, and bassist Hartmut Enke in 1971. All three founding members had previously played together as part of the short-lived group Eruption founded by Conrad Schnitzler. Prior to that Schnitzler and Schulze had worked together in Tangerine Dream.
A short-lived project Manuel Göttsching had in 1970 was the Steeple Chase Blues Band, which also included Hartmut Enke, Wolfgang Müller, and Volker Zibell.
Ash Ra Tempel released its self-titled debut album in June 1971. This release is considered by critics to be a classic of the genre; Schulze temporarily departed for a solo career shortly after its release. Schwingungen (1972), Seven Up (with Timothy Leary) (1972), and Join Inn (1973) are all considered key works from the band. The pop-oriented 1973 album Starring Rosi was thus named because it featured lead vocals by Rosi Mueller.
Later, after recording the soundtrack Le Berceau de Cristal (1975; unreleased until 1993) Ash Ra Tempel shortened its name to Ashra, making a more melodic, synthesizer-based music. In 2000 the band was reunited in the line-up of Manuel Gottsching and Klaus Schulze. The pair had previously worked together on Schulze's album In Blue.
Musical style and influence
Early work by Ash Ra Tempel had a psychedelic rock sound. The band's later music shifted to electronic and acoustic ambience, described as cosmic and atmospheric. The band was influential in the development of ambient music, as heard in albums such as Le Berceau de Cristal, Inventions for Electric Guitar and New Age of Earth.
Ash Ra Tempel exerted a relatively large influence on later space rock, krautrock, electronic and ambient music. The psychedelic bands Acid Mothers Temple and Hash Jar Tempo named themselves in reference to Ash Ra Tempel. The experimental rock ensemble Al Berkowitz covered Light: look at your sun, from Schwingungen, and featured it on their live album Apprenticeship and attitude (2009). Hungarian psychedelic hardcore, 'shaman punk' band Galloping Coroners also said that they were influenced by Ash Ra Tempel in the late 1970s.
- Manuel Göttsching – guitars, synthesisers, vocals (1971–1976, 2000–2001)
- Hartmut Enke – bass, guitars, synthesisers (1971–1973; died 2005)
- Klaus Schulze – drums, synthesisers, vocals (1971, 1972–1973, 2000–2001)
- Wolfgang Müller – drums, percussion (1972)
- Rosi Müller – vocals (1973–1976)
- Ash Ra Tempel (1971)
- Schwingungen (1972)
- Seven Up (with Timothy Leary, 1972)
- Join Inn (1973)
- Starring Rosi (1973)
- Le Berceau de Cristal (soundtrack) (1975)
- New Age of Earth (1976) (originally released under Ash Ra Tempel, later re-released under Ashra)
- Blackouts (1977) (by Ashra)
- Correlations (1979) (by Ashra)
- Belle Alliance (1980) (by Ashra)
- Walkin' the Desert (1989) (by Ashra)
- Tropical Heat (1991) (by Ashra)
- Friendship (2000, with Klaus Schulze)
- Gin Rosé: at the Royal Festival Hall (2000, live album)
- The Best of the Private Tapes 2xCD (1998) (rare demo recordings)
- Schwingungen/ Seven Up (1998) (Two original LP's on one CD)
- Join Inn/ Starring Rosi (1998) (Two original LP's on one CD)
- Inventions for Electric Guitar (1975) (credited to "Ash Ra Tempel, Manuel Göttsching", subtitled as Ash Ra Tempel VI, considered to be Göttsching's first solo album)
-  Archived January 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "AL BERKOWITZ BAND – Apprenticeship and attitude | Producciones Psicotrónicas". Produccionespsicotronicas.com. Archived from the original on 2014-01-18. Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- "Eurock.com - Music from around the World: Features and Reviews". www.eurock.com. Retrieved 2015-05-28.