Ashanti Region

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Not to be confused with Kingdom of Ashanti or Ashantiland. For other topics, see Ashanti people and Ashanti (disambiguation)
Ashanti
Autonomous region
  • Autonomous Region of Ashanti
  • Asanti ho amambu mantaw man (Ashanti)  (Twi)
Flag of AshantiAsanti  (Ashanti Twi)
Flag
Official logo of AshantiAsanti  (Ashanti Twi)
Emblem
Anthem:
Yen Ara Asaase Ni (Ashanti Twi)
"This Is Our Own Native Land"
Thematic map of Ashanti and Kumasi
Thematic map of Ashanti and Kumasi
Map of Ashanti Ashanti Locator Map Location of Ashanti on the semi-island exclave AshantilandLocation of Ashanti within GhanaGeographic Coordinate System of Ashanti
Map of Ashanti
Coordinates: 6°45′N 1°30′W / 6.750°N 1.500°W / 6.750; -1.500Coordinates: 6°45′N 1°30′W / 6.750°N 1.500°W / 6.750; -1.500
Sovereign state Ghana
Exclave Ashantiland
Ashanti Kingdom 1670–1902
Ashanti Protectorate 1902–1935
Ashanti Sovereign State 1935–1957
State union with Ghana 1957–Present
Founded by Osei Tutu I
Capital
and Megacity
Kumasi
6°40′N 1°37′W / 6.667°N 1.617°W / 6.667; -1.617
Metropolis
Government
 • Type Devolved government under absolute monarchy
 • Body Manhyia Palace
 • Asantehene Osei Tutu II (NPP)
 • Premier Nana Akufo-Addo (NPP)
 • Regional Minister Samuel Sarpong
 • Police Commander DCOP. Kofi Boakye
Area[1]
 • Total 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 3rd
Population (2015)
 • Total 11,000,000
 • Rank Ranked 1st
 • Density 37,000/km2 (100,000/sq mi)
 • Literacy rate[2] 80.5%
Demonym(s) Ashanti, asantefo (people), asantebarima (male), asantebasia (female)
GRP (PPP)
 • Year Gross Regional Product (GRP) (2014–2015)
 • Total 4.5 Trillion ($1.2 Trillion)
 • GRP per capita 410,795 ($116,727)
GRP (Nominal)
 • Year Gross Regional Product (GRP) (2014–2015)
 • Total 1.067 Trillion ($296.1 Billion)
 • GRP per capita 97,005 ($26,922)
Time zone GMT
Area code(s) +032, +032 51 (Kumasi)
ISO 3166 code GH-AH
Official languages Ashanti Twi and English
Website Monarchy of Ashanti

Ashanti Region (or Ashanti; About this sound Pronunciation of "Ashanti"; pronunciation: /ˈæʃɑːnˈt/ A-shahn-TEE) is an autonomous region and homeland of the Ashanti people ethnic group occupying a total land surface of 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi) situated on the semi-island exclave Ashantiland.[3][4] The native indigenous people of Ashanti (Ashanti region) are colloquially known as Ashantis.[3] Ashanti occupies 10.2% of the total land area of Ghana as the third largest of 10 administrative regions. Ashanti (Ashanti region) is centered around the Ashanti capital megacity Kumasi – also spelled Kumasi metropolis.[5] The immediate state surrounding the Ashanti capital megacity Kumasi is called Ashanti.[5]

Ashanti (Ashanti region) was founded in 1670 and Ashanti capital Kumasi was founded in 1680 the late 17th century by Ashanti King Asantehene Osei Tutu I (the Emperor King of the Ashanti Kingdom) on the advice of Osei Tutu I's premier Komfo Anokye.[3] The borders of Ashanti (Ashanti region) were extended in the 18th century through Ashanti Kingdom conquering of lands then in the early 20th century contracted in area through four Anglo-Ashanti wars from 1823 to 1896 and the War of the Golden Stool in 1902,[4] becoming the Ashanti Protectorate until 1935 and sovereign state from 1935 prior to entering a state union under Ashanti King Asantehene Prempeh II transitioning from an Ashanti sovereign state to an Ashanti autonomous region,[6] on 6 March 1957 with Ghana to present-day.[7]

Ashanti (Ashanti region) has a population of 11 million Ashantis in 2015 principally centered urbanely in the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[5] Ashanti (Ashanti region) is known for its major gold bar and cocoa production with the center of population of Ashanti region located in the Kumasi metropolis.[5] Ashanti (Ashanti region) produces 96% of Ghana's exports and Ashanti (Ashanti region) is a top-10 gold bar and manganese ore producer on Earth;[8] Ashanti possesses Planet Earth's top-10 largest richest gold mine the Obuasi Gold Mine,[8][9] and Ashanti is the second-largest cocoa and yam producer on Earth.[10]

Name[edit]

Main article: Ashanti nomenclature

Ashantis often call their homeland Asanti – a derivation of Ashanti (About this sound Pronunciation of "Ashanti"); the name Ashanti is an English language pronunciation misnomer for the Ashanti people homeland Ashanti autonomous region and Ashanti ethnic group (pronounced; Asantefo in Ashanti language) and Ashanti language (Ashanti Twi).[3][11] The word Ashanti (pronunciation: /ˈæʃɑːnˈt/ A-shahn-TEE) is an English language misnomer and Asanti (pronunciation: /ˈæsɑːnˈt/ A-sahn-TEE) is the correct pronunciation in Ashanti language (Ashanti Twi).[11] Asanti literally means "because of wars" (Asa - wars; Nti- because[of]).[11]

History[edit]

This section is about the history of the Ashanti Autonomous Region since foundation in 1670. See also Historiography of the Ashanti people

Ashanti (Ashanti region) is a core area of the Asanti nation whose boundary in the 18th and 19th centuries centered by Crater Lake Lake Bosumtwi stretched southwards towards the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Volta with the Ashanti Empire founded in 1670 (17th century); to the east and west, the Ashanti nation stretched beyond the current borders of the Ashanti people homeland Ashanti region.[4] Ashanti (Ashanti region) was initially larger than the boundary of Ashanti ( Ashanti region) today.[4] Ashanti's (Ashanti region's) territorial expansion was through Ashanti (Ashanti people) wars and Ashanti annexation of lands.[4] The Ashanti nation in the early 20th century contracted in area through four Anglo-Ashanti wars from 1823 to 1896 and the War of the Golden Stool in 1902.[4] The nucleus of the Ashanti nation was born with the reign of Ashanti king Osei Tutu I (1670-1718), the first King of Ashanti. The Ashanti nation's symbol of unity the Golden Stool which is said to have descended from the sky through the incantations of Osei Tutu I's premier Okomfo Anokye.[4] In 1902, Ashanti became an protectorate the Ashanti Protectorate with the Ashanti capital Kumasi annexed into the British empire; however, the Ashanti people still largely governed themselves.[12][13] Ashanti people gave little to no deference to colonial authorities.[4][12][13] 1926 saw the repatriation of Ashanti King Asantehene Prempeh I – whom had been exiled in 1896,[12][13] and in 1926 the Ashantis were restored control over their Ashanti capital Kumasi.[6] In 1935 (31 January 1935), Ashanti kingdom regained sovereignty and the full role of Ashanti king (the Ashanti King Asantehene of the Ashanti people and Ashanti nation) was restored as the Ashanti people homeland Ashanti (now Ashanti autonomous region).[6]

The Ashanti people under Ashanti King Asantehene Prempeh II on 6 March 1957 and the Ashanti people homeland a sovereign Ashanti between 1935 to 1957 (now Ashanti autonomous region) entered a state union with then newly created sovereign-state Ghana and transitioning from an Ashanti sovereign state to an Ashanti autonomous region.[7] The Ashanti King office of Asantehene is a national absolute monarchy of Ashanti autonomous region, and is protected by the Ghanaian constitution.[6] Ashanti King Asantehene Prempeh II reign ended on 6 July 1970 succeeded by Ashanti King Asantehene Opoku Ware II whos reign ended on 26 February 1999 succeeded on 26 April 1999 by the current Ashanti king is Asantehene Osei Tutu II.[14][15]

Territorial history timeline[edit]

Ashanti Region Ashanti Protectorate Ashanti Empire Ashanti Empire List of rulers of Asante Ashanti Region Bonoman Ashanti people#Historiography

Governance[edit]

Nana Akufo-Addo
Premier of Ashanti since 2008
Osei Tutu II
King of Ashanti since 1999

The Ashanti people ethnic group king Asantehene is the absolute ruling king of Ashanti (Ashanti region) and Ashanti's (Ashanti region's) native indigenous people the Ashanti people.[14][16] Ashanti social administration is through a traditional system of chieftaincy.[14][16] Ashanti's (Ashanti region's) 36 Ashanti (Ashanti region) traditional councils each Omanhene (paramount chief) has “divisional chiefs” with portfolios, similar to the national Premier (President) and Ministers.[14][16] The ascension to Ashanti chieftaincy (except Nkosohene) is through the Ashanti matrilineal system.[14][16] The Ashanti (Ashanti region) has 36 Ashanti (Ashanti region) traditional councils, each headed by an Ashanti (Ashanti region) Paramount Chief (Omanhene).[14][16] The Ashanti (Ashanti region) traditional councils are the decentralized units of administration by Ashanti (Ashanti region) traditional rulers and are used to mobilize the Ashanti people at the Ashanti (Ashanti region) local and community levels for national development in Ashanti (Ashanti region).[14][16] The Ashanti (Ashanti region) absolute ruler (king) is the Ashanti King, the Otumfuo Asantehene.[14][16] All the Ashanti (Ashanti region) Paramount Chiefs in Ashanti (Ashanti region) are members of the Ashanti Regional House of Chiefs, with the Ashanti King (Asantehene Osei Tutu II) as the president of the Ashanti Regional House of Chiefs located at Manhyia Palace.[14][16] The official language of Ashanti (Ashanti region) and main language spoken in Ashanti (Ashanti region) is Ashanti language with indistinguishable Ashanti Twi.[17][18]

Ashanti has 27 administrative districts and municipals including the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[19] Ashanti also has 33 constituencies and 840 electoral areas.[19] A member of Ashanti New Patriotic Party (NPP) parliament represents each of the Ashanti 33 constituencies.[20] The Ashanti Premier Nana Akufo-Addo is the political head of Ashanti supermajority New Patriotic Party (NPP) and the Ashanti Regional Minister acts as the Chairman of the Ashanti Regional Co-ordinating Council.[20] Other members of the Ashanti Regional Co-ordinating Council include the Ashanti Regional Co-ordinating Director (Secretary), all the 27 Ashanti District Chief Executives and Presiding members, as well as two representatives from the Ashanti Regional House of Chiefs at Manhyia Palace.[14][16] All Ashanti Regional heads of department are ex-officio members of the Ashanti Regional Co-ordinating Council.[14][16]

The Ashanti District/Metropolitan Assemblies are headed by Metropolitan/District Chief Executives.[14][16] The Ashanti District and Metropolitan Chief Executives are nominated and approved by two-thirds majority of the respective Ashanti Metropolitan/District Assemblies.[14][16] The Ashanti Chief Executives, like the Ashanti Regional Minister, are assisted by Ashanti District Co-ordinating Directors.[14][16]

Geography[edit]

Ashanti is centered around the Ashanti capital city of Kumasi – also spelled Kumasi metropolis and the immediate state surrounding the Ashanti capital city Kumasi is called Ashanti with a total area of 24,389 km2 (9,417 sq mi) Ashanti is endowed with a spectacular geography-lakes, scarps, forest reserves, waterfalls, national parks, birds sanctuaries and wildlife sanctuaries situated centrally on the semi-island exclave of Ashantiland.[5] Notable among the Ashanti national parks and sanctuaries are the Owabi arboretum forest reserve and bird sanctuary and Bomfobiri wildlife sanctuaries.[21] Due to human activities and bushfires in Ashanti the forest vegetation of parts of Ashanti, particularly the north-eastern part of Ashanti, has been reduced to savannah.[22] About 97% of the Ashanti population lives in the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis and the total population of Ashanti is approximately 11 million Ashanti people as of 2015 of which around 11 million Ashanti people live in the Ashanti capital Kumasi with Ashanti being the location of Planet Earth's top-10 largest richest gold mine the Obuasi Gold Mine.[8][9]

The panorama of Kumasi during the 2003 Ashanti Akwasidae Festival.

Ashanti (Ashanti region) hydrography is drained by Crater Lake Lake Bosumtwi, the largest natural lake in the Ashanti country along with Lake Volta the largest natural lake by surface area and reservoir on Earth, and Rivers Offin, Prah, Afram and Owabi.[22] There are other smaller rivers and streams in Ashanti within Kumasi metropolis which serve as sources of clean drinking water for residents of Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis and Ashanti subdivision localities in Ashanti (Ashanti region).[22]

Panorama of Crater Lake Lake Bosumtwi (also spelled Bosomtwe) situated within an ancient meteorite impact crater, is approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) across and the only natural lake in Ashanti. There is a plentiful supply of fish in Lake Bosumtwi, which is located just southeast of Kumasi.[5][23] There are about 30 villages (human settlements) near Crater Lake Lake Bosumtwi, with a combined population of about 70,000 Ashanti people. Lake Bosumtwi is an economic and popular resort area with Ashanti people for swimming, fishing and boating.

Ashanti and Kumasi metropolis climate has an average annual rainfall of 1,402mm and two rainy seasons.[22] The major Ashanti rainy season starts in March, with a major pick in May.[22] There is an Ashanti slight dip in July and a pick in August, tapering off in November.[22] December to February is Ashanti dry season when Ashanti is hot and dusty.[22] The average Ashanti daily temperature is about 27 degrees Celsius in Ashanti.[22] Much of Ashanti is situated between 150 and 300 metres above sea level and the Ashanti temperature is generally high, averaging over 27 °C in the Ashanti forest zone and 29 °C on the northern fringes of the Ashanti forest zone.[22] Ashanti humidity is relatively high, averaging about 85% in the Ashanti forest area and 65% for the Ashanti savannah belt.[22]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean maximum (°C) 36.7 37.2 37.8 36.1 35.0 32.8 31.1 30.0 31.7 32.2 32.8 33.3
37.8
Mean temperature (°C) 31.9 33.5 32.9 32.3 31.3 29.5 28.0 27.7 28.7 30.1 31.2 30.7
30.7
Mean minimum (°C) 20.4 22.0 22.3 22.4 22.2 21.6 21.2 21.0 21.1 21.5 21.7 20.8
21.5
Average rainfall (mm) 15.1 66.3 137.0 129.3 174.4 214.3 157.5 89.9 165.2 153.3 74.3 25.8
1,402.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 186.6 187.2 205.4 204.0 204.7 146.3 101.2 77.0 106.2 161.4 193.8 178.0
1,951.8

Subdivisions[edit]

Main article: Ashanti subdivisions

The political administration of the Ashanti is through the Ashanti local government system and under this administration system, Ashanti is divided into 22 subdistricts and 4 municipals and 1 metropolitan (metropolis); there is 27 Ashanti subdivisions in total and 47 electoral districts (parliamentary constituencies) with each Ashanti district, Municipal or Metropolitan Area, is administered by an Ashanti Chief Executive, representing the Ashanti New Patriotic Party (NPP) central government which holds supermajority 43 out-of-a-total-of 47 Ashanti's electoral districts (parliamentary constituencies) but deriving authority from an Ashanti assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves.[19][24] Ashanti capital Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA) is sub-divided into ten sub-metros, namely Asokwa, Subin, Bantama, Manhyia, Manso, Tafo, Kwadaso, Asawase, Oforikrom with a functional and socio-cultural relationship between Ashanti region monarchy government situated at Manhyia Palace in submetro Manhyia which is the traditional residential office of the Ashanti King Asantehene Osei Tutu II and the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA) whose mayor is Kojo Bonsu for the effective governance and administration of Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis megacity.[25]

Subdivisions of Ashanti
Ashanti Map.png
Districts and Municipals of Ashanti[26]
# District/Municipal District/Municipal Capital # District/Municipal District/Municipal Capital
1 Adansi North Fomena Parliamentary Constituencies 15 Bosomtwe Kuntenase Parliamentary Constituencies
NPP NPP
2 Adansi South New Edubiase NPP 16 Ejisu-Juaben Municipal Ejisu NPP
3 Afigya-Kwabre Agona NPP 17 Ejura/Sekyedumase Ejura NPP
4 Ahafo Ano North Tepa NPP 18 Kumasi Metropolitan Kumasi NPP
5 Ahafo Ano South Mankranso NPP 19 Kwabre Mamponteng NPP
6 Amansie Central Bekwai NPP 20 Mampong Municipal Mampong NPP
7 Amansie West Manso Nkwanta NPP 21 Obuasi Municipal Obuasi NPP
8 Asante Akim North Konongo NPP 22 Offinso Municipal Offinso NPP
9 Asante Akim South Juaso NPP 23 Offinso North Akomadan NPP
10 Atwima Kwanwoma Foase Kokoben NPP 24 Sekyere Afram Plains Kumawu NPP
11 Atwima Mponua Nyinahin NPP 25 Sekyere Central Nsuta NPP
12 Atwima Nwabiagya Nkawie NPP 26 Sekyere East Effiduase NPP
13 Bekwai Municipal Bekwai NPP 27 Sekyere South Agona Ashanti NPP
14 Bosome Freho Asiwa NPP

Economy[edit]

Main article: Economy of Ashanti
Ashanti and Kumasi gold mining economic activity thematic map

Ashanti has a highly developed autarky closed economy centered on Ashanti national self-sufficiency dominated by its resources and services sector and largely driven by the export of gold bar bullions as a top-10 largest gold and manganese ores producer on Earth, bauxite, timber and agricultural commodities such as cocoa and yam,[10][27] and characterised by low taxation and minimal need for foreign direct investment. Ashanti and Kumasi metropolis industrial sectors are wholesale and retail; aerospace with automotive manufacturing and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (25.2%), manufacturing (10.5%), other service activities (6.3%) and accommodation and food service activities (6.0%).[28] Covering an area of 24,389 km2, Ashanti has a population of 11 million Ashanti people inhabitants mainly centered in the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.

Ashanti is richly endowed with industrial minerals and industrial agriculture cash crops with Ashanti food production focused on Ashanti domestic food production supply and Ashanti is responsible for much of Ghana's international trade foreign exchange Ghana earns from cocoa, industrial agriculture cash crops, gold bar bullions, bauxite, manganese, various other industrial minerals, and timber.[27] Ashanti with Kumasi metropolis produces 96% of Ghana's exports.[8][10] Ashanti's overseas exports accounted for 96% of the nation's total with Ashanti's major export commodities include manganese, bauxite, timber, hardwood, iron-ore, iron, alumina, clay and limestone with traces of copper, platinum, lithium, tin arsenic and mica, gold, cocoa, yam, and poultry and tilapia.[8][10][27]

Gold mining in Ashanti (Ashanti region)

The mining sector of Ashanti is predominated by gold mining with Ashanti possessing an array of gold mines concessions and vast gold deposits as the Ashanti private-gold mining revenues including galamsey revenues is estimated to be 4.3 trillion (4,394,000,000,000) annually from gold mining with over 90% of the countries gold mining-output originates from underground mining (hard rock) mines and underground mining (soft rock) mines and surface mines and open-pit mines in Ashanti.[8] However, an increasing portion of Ashanti's remaining 10% of gold mining-output is from small-scale miners as means of self-employment in Ashanti as the majority (58.7%) of the Ashanti workforce are self-employed without employees.[8] Following a legislation legalizing unregistered gold mining (referred to as galamsey in Ashanti) there has been a large increase in the number of small-scale mining operations as means of self-employment in Ashanti which do not extract gold in such environmentally friendly ways.[8] The legislation legalizing unregistered gold mining was enacted to prevent illegal gold extraction which it claimed constituted 20% of Ashanti's total gold mining-output and thus a major decrease in the Ashanti's potential revenues from gold mining.[8] Ashanti mining sector includes manganese mining, bauxite mining, timber logging for Ashanti domestic electricity generation and various forms of industrial minerals mining as means of self-employment in Ashanti as the majority (58.7%) of the Ashanti workforce are self-employed without employees.[8] Other mineral deposits of economic value found in Ashanti include iron-ore, silica, clay and limestone.[10] Traces of copper, platinum, lithium, tin arsenic and mica are also found in Ashanti.[10] Ashanti is a top-10 largest gold and manganese producer on Earth.[8]

Kantanka Electric Automobile Otumfo SUV made by Ashanti Kantanka Automobiles in Ashanti capital Kumasi

Ashanti has abundant food supplies to feed its Ashanti population.[10] These Ashanti food supplies include cooking plantain, maize, rice, eggs, cassava, taro-cocoyam, yam, vegetables and other cereals and legumes.[10] Irish Lumper potatoes and Irish White potatoes also thrive well in Nsuta near Mampong.[10] The industrial crops grown include cocoa, pineapple, oil palm, tobacco, wheat, bast fibre, cotton, citrus and cashew, sweet potatoes, millet, beans, onions, peanuts, tomatoes, and many fruits.[10]·Ashanti has a large number of poultry industries including Darko Farms, Mfum Farms, Asamoah Yamoah Farms, Asare Farms and many others and Ashanti also has large poultry feedmills.[10] Ashanti is the second-largest yam (vegetable) producer on Earth.[10] The Ashanti people automobile company Kantanka cars mass-manufactures various brands of Kantanka zero-carbon electric cars at the Ashanti automobile company Kantanka major automobile assembly plant in Kumasi mass-manufactures the various brands of Kantanka vehicles as well as Kantanka robots (robotics) and mass media diversified media technologies including various major appliances for Ashanti region consumers.[29] Ashanti capital Kumasi has an ongoing large-scale real estate development project to house the entire Ashanti population of 11 million Ashantis due to be finalized at end of 2016 by the China International Trust and Investment Corporation (CITIC). Thus, as much as 92.5 percent of real estate activities, 90.2 percent of financial and insurance activities, 85.8 percent of air conditioning supply and 85.7 percent of professional scientific and technical activities are concentrated in Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[28]

  • Ashanti with Kumasi metropolis's main occupations are professional occupations such as services and manufacturing in which as much as 92.5 percent of Ashanti's real estate activities, 90.2 percent of financial and insurance activities, 85.8 percent of air conditioning supply; and 85.7 percent of professional scientific and technical activities are concentrated in Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[28] Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis is predominantly a commerce/trade service economy inclusive with an employment level of 71% and this being followed by industry with an employment level of 24% and agriculture with an employment level of 5%.[28] Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis has therefore established itself as a major commercial centre with commercial activity being centered on wholesaling and retailing with both financial and non-banking financial institutions also offer ancillary services for residents of the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[28]

Infrastructure[edit]

Ashanti is accessible by air, sea, and land transport and Ashanti is served by the Kumasi Airport, which handles international and domestic flights.[28] The commercial and passenger port serving Ashanti and Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis is Boankra Inland Port an inland port and dry port which is the most important commercial gateway for the importation of goods to Ashanti and West Africa.[28]

Ashanti population centres are linked by a network of six Ashanti National highways that serve Ashanti: –

  •  N4  250 km (155.34 mi);
  •  N6  250 km (155.34 mi);
  •  N8  170 km (105.63 mi); and
  •  N10  610 km (379.04 mi); –

and a few Ashanti domestic highways such as the  R52  and  R106  serve Ashanti.[28]

Ashanti is connected by the  N6  which connects Kumasi and the  N8  and  N10  connects Ashanti to Central region, both of which originate in Central region.[28] The  N10 , however, connects Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[28]

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

Main article: Ashanti people

Ashantis are the indigenous people and predominate ethnicity of Ashanti.[5] Ashanti (Ashanti region) center of population is centered around the Ashanti capital Kumasi – also spelled Kumasi metropolis.[5] The immediate state surrounding the Ashanti capital Kumasi is called Ashanti with a population of 11 million Ashantis in 2015.[5] Majority of Ashanti's (Ashanti region’s) population are Ethnic Ashantis including Ashanti multiracials (Ashanti mixed-race) and Ashanti citizens by birth (80.5%) and there is a South Asian population of Indians and an East Asian population of Han Chinese with a population of Lebanese (9.2%) and a proportion of Ashanti (Ashanti region) population are non-Ashantis originating from outside Ashanti (made up of 10.3%) mainly Africans from countries of West Africa and continental Africa.[31][32]

Culture[edit]

The culture of Ashanti (Ashanti region) is predominantly Ashanti reflecting its ethnicity, for which a few Ashanti festivals are celebrated in Ashanti one every year, the Akwasidae Festival is a major festival held regularly at six-week intervals and nine times in a year and if it falls on a Sunday, it is celebrated as Adae Kese Festival with the others being Adae Festival, Awukudae Festival, Ashanti Yam Festival, Papa Festival, Kente Festival, Yaa Asantewaa Festival, Mmoa Nni Nko Festival, and Nkyidwo Festival.[21][33] These are Ashanti cultural and religious festivals celebrated by the Ashanti ethnic group.[21] The Ashanti festivals are celebrated to remember past Ashanti leaders and heroes.[21] Though they are dead, their spirits are believed to be alive and taking interest in the affairs of the living, watching their actions, and consulting with them during the Adae Festival.[21]

Ashanti (Ashanti region) has a number of tourist attractions that include the Ashanti national parks Bobiri Forest Butterfly Sanctuary, Bomfobiri Wildlife Sanctuary, Kogyae Strict Nature Reserve, and Owabi Forest Reserve and Bird Sanctuary including Ashanti recreation area the Ashanti Centre for National Culture and Ashanti historic sites the Komfo Anokye Akrafena Sword monument a sword which was stuck in the ground by Komfo Anokye, the Ashanti region king Asantehene's palace Manhyia Palace and the museum at the Asantehene's palace Manhyia Palace Museum, Kumasi Fort & Military Museum, the Armed Forces Museum, and the Prempeh II Jubilee Museum, Yaa Asantewaa Museum, with other attractions Patakro shrine and Adinkra cloth printing in Ntonso, and the kente clothing weaving industry at Bonwire, and the crater lake Lake Bosumtwi.[21]

Ashanti (Ashanti region) has three multi-purpose stadiums which are used for multi-sporting events the largest being the Kumasi Sports Stadium in Ashanti capital Kumasi which has a seating capacity of 40,000 followed by the Abrankese Stadium in Obuasi and the Agyeman Badu Stadium in Kumasi.[34] There is several off-track sporting facilities in Ashanti such as numerous golfing clubs and there is marine-sporting facilities at Crater Lake Lake Bosumtwi in Ashanti and Ashanti has four professional football clubs with the largest being Kumasi Asante Kotoko Sporting Club which has the Asantehene as President has won many national and continental trophies and awards as the International Federation of Football History and Statistics ranked Asante Kotoko the African club of the 20th century,[35] followed by Ashanti Gold Sporting Club,[36] King Faisal Babies FC and New Edubiase United FC.

Language[edit]

Ashanti greeting phrases; "akɔaba" (welcome) and "ɛte sɛn" (how are you) in Ashanti language.
Main articles: Ashanti language and Ashanti Twi

Ashanti language with indistinguishable Ashanti Twi is the official language of Ashanti (Ashanti region) and main national language spoken in Ashanti (Ashanti region) along with the English language.[17][18][37][38] Ashanti language is the official language utilized for literacy in Ashanti (Ashanti region) at the primary and elementary educational stage (Primary 1–3) K–12 (education) level and studied at university as a bachelor's degree or master's degree program in Ashanti (Ashanti region).[17][18][37][38]

Ashanti language and Ashanti Twi has some unique linguistic features like tone, vowel harmony and nasalization.[17][18][37][38]

Education[edit]

In Ashanti (Ashanti region) capital Kumasi metropolis educational facilities are provided by the Kumasi metropolis public and private individual sectors as the private sector provides the bulk of Kumasi metropolis educational institutions at the pre-school and first to second cycle levels whereas the educational public sector is the leader at teacher training colleges and tertiary levels with even distribution as the Kumasi metropolis educational sector focuses on three main levels in which are pre-school, basic school – primary and junior secondary schools; second cycle schools – senior secondary schools, teacher training colleges, special education and vocational/technical/commercial Schools.[39] The literacy rate in Ashanti (Ashanti region) with Kumasi metropolis is 80.5% (males 86.6 and females 75.0%) with an Ashanti Twi literacy of 97%,[2] and the English language literacy in Ashanti (Ashanti region) with Kumasi metropolis is at 69.6% (males 77.7% and females 62.3%).[2]

Senior High Schools[edit]

There are a number of private senior high schools (private senior secondary schools) and private colleges spread throughout Ashanti (Ashanti region) with the majority of private senior high schools (private senior secondary schools) and private colleges in Ashanti situated mainly in Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[39]

Prempeh College Panoramic view
  • Afia Kobi Ampem Girls (Royal AKAGSHS).
  • Afia Kobi Senior High School, Trabuom.
  • Agogo State College, Agogo Asante-Akyem.
  • Agona SDA Senior High School, Agona.
  • Anglican Senior High School, Kumasi.
  • Asanteman School (Real Assas).
  • Bekwai SDA Senior High School.
  • Beposo Senior High School, Beposo.
  • Collins Secondary Commercial School, Agogo Asante-Akyem.
  • Ejisuman Senior High School, Ejisu.
  • Jachie-Pramso Senior High School (Formerly MIGHTY JAPASS).
  • Komfo Anokye Senior High School, Wiamoase.
  • Kumasi Academy, Asokore-Mampong, Kumasi.
  • Kumasi Girls' Senior High School.
  • Kumasi Wesley Girls High School.
  • Obuasi Secondary Technical School (O.S.T.S).
  • Opoku Ware School, Kumasi.
  • Oppong Memoral Senior High School.
  • Osei Kyeretwie Senior High School, Kumasi.
  • Prempeh College, Kumasi.
  • Simms Senior High School, Fawoade.
  • Simms Senior High School.
  • St Joseph Senior High School (Ehuren).
  • St. Monica's Secondary School, Mampong.
  • T.I. Ahmadiyya Senior High School, Kumasi.
  • Yaa Asantewaa Girls' Senior High School, Tanoso

Higher Education[edit]

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Administration block road

Ashanti (Ashanti region) has one public university, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and a Polytechnic in Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[39] In addition, there are a number of private universities and university colleges spread throughout Ashanti with the majority of private universities and university colleges in Ashanti situated mainly in Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis.[39]

Universities[edit]
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi.
  • Garden City University College, Kenyasi, Kumasi.
  • University of Education, Kumasi Campus, Kumasi.
  • National Institute Of Information Technology, Kumasi Campus NIIT.
  • Kumasi Polytechnic, K-Poly.
  • IPMC, Kumasi Campus.
  • Akrokerri College of Education.
  • St. Monica's College of Education, Mampong.

Health[edit]

Universal healthcare in Ashanti (Ashanti region) is provided by the Ashanti government and Ashanti (Ashanti region) possess has five hundred and thirty (530) health facilities.[40] The Ashanti monarchy government operates about 32% of all health facilities in Ashanti and the Ashanti capital Kumasi metropolis has the highest number of health facilities of Ashanti at 38% with Ashanti health facilities by ownership consisting of 170 health facilities owned by Ashanti (Ashanti region) government; 71 Ashanti health facilities owned by Ashanti (Ashanti region) mission; 281 Ashanti health facilities owned by Ashanti (Ashanti region) private institutions; and 8 Ashanti health facilities owned by Ashanti (Ashanti region) quasi government with Ashanti (Ashanti region) possessing a total of 530 health facilities.[40]

Image gallery[edit]

Famous native Ashanti citizens[edit]

Famous native citizens of Ashanti
# Citizen Settlement
1 Richmond Boakye Agogo
2 Deborah Owusu-Bonsu Kumasi
3 Sulley Muntari Konongo
4 Sonia Ibrahim Kumasi
5 Emmanuel Frimpong Kumasi
6 Kofi Annan Kumasi
7 John Kufuor Kumasi
8 Isaac Vorsah Kumasi
9 Juliet Ibrahim Kumasi
10 Sam Jonah Obuasi
11 Rhian Benson Kumasi
12 Samuel Kuffour Kumasi
13 Kofi Kingston Kumasi
14 Tony Yeboah Kumasi
15 Kwadwo Asamoah Kumasi
16 Maxwell Konadu Kumasi
17 Harrison Afful Kumasi
18 Quincy Owusu-Abeyie Kumasi
19 Kevin-Prince Boateng Kumasi
20 Kwadwo Safo Kumasi
21 John Mensah Obuasi
22 Asamoah Gyan Kumasi
23 Kwesi Appiah Kumasi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ashanti Region". Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  2. ^ a b c Felix Engelhardt. "Creating an Environmental Geographic Information System for the City of Kumasi" (PDF). diva-portal.org (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "United Asante States Under Nana Osei Tutu I". asantekingdom.org. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "History Of The Asante Confederay » Restoration Of The Asante Confederacy". asantekingdom.org. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ashanti Academic Showcase". nd.digication.com. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Seventy Five Years After The Restoration of Asanteman". asantekingdom.org. 
  7. ^ a b "1956: Gold Coast to get independence". BBC. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "GHANGOLD Case". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "World's top 10 gold deposits". 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Meet-the-Press: Ashanti Region". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Sheard, K. M. "Ashanti Warlike Meaning (Llewellyn's Complete Book of Names for Pagans, Wiccans, Witches, Druids)". 
  12. ^ a b c "The Exile of Prempeh in the Seychelles". Kreol International Magazine. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c "Asantehene visits Seychelles". Modern. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Kings Of Asante". asantekingdom.org. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "The Asantehene » Personality Profile". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Kumasi Traditional Council". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Ashanti » Ashanti Twi". ofm-tv.com. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Ashanti » Ashanti Twi (Less Commonly Taught Languages)". University of Michigan College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. University of Michigan. 
  19. ^ a b c "Ashanti Region Executive Summary". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  20. ^ a b Kumasi (5 August 2015). "NPP Has Track Record… of protecting the public purse, says Nana Addo". The Chronicle. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f "Kumasi Metropolis Tourism Attractions". Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Kumasi Metropolis Physical Characteristics". Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Profitability Analysis of all-male Tilapia Farming in Sekyere South and Bosomtwe Districts of Ashanti Region". researchgate.net (PDF). Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Ashanti Region
  25. ^ "Kumasi Good Governance". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  26. ^ Ashanti Region. Geohive.com.
  27. ^ a b c "The Historic And Present Importance Of Asante- Its Culture And Economy". asantekingdom.org. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Kumasi Metropolis Economy". Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  29. ^ "Updates on Kwadwo Safo's Works". kumatoo.com. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  30. ^ "Ashanti Region CEPS targets 172 billion cedis in revenue this year". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  31. ^ Ashanti Region
  32. ^ Ashanti Region
  33. ^ "The Adae Kese Festival". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  34. ^ "Kumasi Sports Stadium Ready". TheStatesManOnline.com. .
  35. ^ "Africa's club of the Century". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2015-08-05. 
  36. ^ "Obuasi Sporting Club". Retrieved 2015-08-07. 
  37. ^ a b c "Ashanti (Twi) – Ashanti language". amesall.rutgers.edu. 
  38. ^ a b c Language The Alternation Strategies in Multilingual Settings. Peter Lang. 2006. p. 100. ISBN 0-82048-369-9. 
  39. ^ a b c d "Kumasi Metropolis Educational Sector". Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  40. ^ a b "Ashanti Region - Regional Health Directorate". Retrieved 7 August 2015.