Ashburton House

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Ashburton House
Ashburton House.jpg
Ashburton House is located in Central Washington, D.C.
Ashburton House
Location 1525 H St., NW., Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°54′1″N 77°2′9″W / 38.90028°N 77.03583°W / 38.90028; -77.03583Coordinates: 38°54′1″N 77°2′9″W / 38.90028°N 77.03583°W / 38.90028; -77.03583
Built 1836[1]
Architect Matthew St. Glair Clarke
NRHP Reference # 73002071
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 7, 1973[2]
Designated NHL November 7, 1973[3]

Ashburton House, also known as St. John's Church Parish House or British Legation, is a house on Lafayette Square in Washington, D.C.. The house stands at 1525 H Street, N.W.

It was the site of 10 months of U.S.-British negotiations leading to the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. This settled U.S.-Canada border disputes and ended the Aroostook War.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973.[3][4]

Design and history[edit]

Mathew St. Clair Clark, a House of Representatives clerk, began the original brick building in 1836. Shortly afterwards, it was sold to the British government. Lord Alexander Ashburton took up residence in the house in 1842, the same year he and Daniel Webster negotiated the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in its parlor. Ashburton was succeeded by novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton; both made changes to Clark's design. The house received its French Second Empire design in the 1870s. The architects for both the 1853 and c.1870 remodelings are unknown.[5] In the early 1950s, the house became the parish house for nearby St. John's Church.[6]


  1. ^
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "Ashburton House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  4. ^ Benjamin Levy and Paul Ghioto (April 13, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: St. John's Church Parish House / Ashburton House (British Legation)" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying three photos, exterior and interior, from 1973 (32 KB)
  5. ^ Weeks, Christopher (c. 1994). AIA guide to the architecture of Washington, D.C. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 135. ISBN 0801847125. 
  6. ^ Maddex, Diane (1973). Historic buildings of Washington, D.C. Ober Park Associates. p. 52. 

External links[edit]