Ashby St Ledgers
|Ashby St Ledgers|
The manor house where the Gunpowder plot was planned
Ashby St Ledgers shown within Northamptonshire
|Population||166 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||78 miles (126 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Ashby St Ledgers is a village in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England. The post town is Rugby in Warwickshire. The Manor House is famous for being a location for the planning of the Gunpowder Plot in 1605. This building is now part of the Crown estate.
The nearest large towns are Rugby, 5 miles (8.0 km) north west, and Daventry, 3 miles (4.8 km) south. The A5 road), the Roman road Watling Street passes about a mile east. Rugby has the nearest railway station on the West Coast Main Line with trains to London Euston and several other parts of the country. It is about 5 miles (8.0 km) north via th A5 to the M1 London to Yorkshire motorway junction 18 and bout 7 miles (11.3 km) south to junction 16.
Ashby St Ledgers was first mentioned in the Domesday Book, which gave the place name as Ascebi ("ash tree settlement"). In Norman times, a church was erected on the site, dedicated to Saint Leodegarius, from whom the modern-day name is derived.
The manor was given as a gift to Hugh de Grandmesnil by William the Conqueror and passed to various other occupants until 1375 when it passed into the Catesby family, and became their principal residence.
The manor was briefly confiscated after the attainder and execution of William Catesby, one of Richard III's counsellors, after losing the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, but was later returned to his son, George. It passed down the male line to Robert Catesby's father, Sir William Catesby, who managed to hold on to the property in spite of massive debts caused by recusancy fines and years of imprisonment for his stubborn adherence to the Roman Catholic faith.
The manor's central location was also more convenient to the houses of the Catesby's many friends and relations. It is this central location that made Ashby St Ledgers a type of 'Command Centre' during the planning of the Gunpowder Plot.
It was here, in the room above the Gatehouse, with its privacy from the main house and clear view of the surrounding area, that Robert Catesby, his servant Thomas Bates and the other conspirators planned a great deal of the Gunpowder Plot. Catesby was killed at Holbeche House whereas his servant was executed in the following January.
Following Catesby's death in 1605, the manor was confiscated by the crown as the property of a traitor. In 1612, it was purchased by Bryan I'Anson (1560-1634), Sheriff of the City of London. He was the father of Sir Bryan I'Anson, 1st Bt., of Ashby St Ledgers; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles I of England. In 1703, Esther I'Anson (Sir Bryan's elder brother John's great-granddaughter) sold the manor to Joseph Ashley, a London draper. When his great nephew, also called Joseph Ashley, died in 1798, the manor was passed to his daughter, Mary, who was the wife of Sir Joseph Senhouse. Their daughter, Elizabeth, married Joseph Pocklington in 1835, and the manor remained in their family until 1903, when it was sold to Ivor Guest, 1st Viscount Wimborne.
Until recently the house suffered from decay and neglect, in need of restoration. The former owner*, Lord Wimborne, estimated it would need about £10 million to save it for future generations. In 2005, Queen Elizabeth II bought Ashby St Ledgers estate. It will continue to be run as an agricultural business, but run by the Rural directorate of the Crown estate.
The sale of the 2,337-acre (9.46 km2) Ashby St Ledgers estate did not include The Manor House. The land was put up for sale in July 2005 on behalf of the Baker brothers, a family which has owned the grounds since 1982, having purchased it from the British Airways Pension Fund. The site includes an organic dairy farm, a country sports centre and Chapel Farm, which 150 years ago was the home of Thomas Arnold, the headmaster of Rugby School. The Manor was sold off separately by British Airways and passed through a succession of speculative owners until it was eventually purchased in 1998 by former owner Viscount Wimborne's grandson and namesake, Ivor Guest, 3rd Viscount Wimborne, in an attempt to save the Manor House from total ruin. The ownership of the Manor and its gardens, as far as is known, remains with Lord Wimborne.
The village has a pub, the Olde Coach House Inn.
- OS Explorer Map Map 223 - Northampton & Market Harborough (1:25 000) ISBN 0 319 23735 4
- History of Ashby St Ledgers - The Gunpowder Plot Society
- The Gunpowder Plot Conspirators, Crispiijn van de Passe, National Portrait Gallery, accessed 12 March 2010
- The Middle Class (2010), Lawrence James
- History of the I'Anson family of Ashby St Ledgers
- Queen buys estate - BBC
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1961). The Buildings of England – Northamptonshire - has a picture of the MIldmay monument and church wall paintings. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 89–93. ISBN 978-0-300-09632-3.
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