Ashford International railway station
|Local authority||Borough of Ashford|
|Number of platforms||6|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|– Interchange||0.754 million|
|– Interchange||0.760 million|
|– Interchange||0.803 million|
|– Interchange||0.835 million|
|– Interchange||0.815 million|
|1 December 1842||Opened as "Ashford"|
|9 July 1923||Renamed "Ashford (Kent)"|
|8 January 1996||Commencement of Eurostar services|
|28 February 1996||Rebuilt and renamed "Ashford International"|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Ashford International from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Ashford International railway station (IATA: QDH) is on the South Eastern Main Line in England, serving the town of Ashford, Kent. It is 56 miles 9 chains (90.3 km) down-line from London Charing Cross and is between Pluckley and Westenhanger stations on the main line. Domestic trains that call at Ashford are operated by Southeastern and Southern, and international services by Eurostar.
Eurostar trains use platforms 3 and 4, while domestic trains use the original platforms 1 and 2, and a new island platform (numbered 5 and 6) built by British Rail when the Channel Tunnel opened. While all tracks are electrified with 750 V DC third rail, platforms 3 to 6 are also electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead lines.
The domestic terminal to the north of the tracks and the international terminal to the south are connected by a subway which has access to the platforms; access to the international trains on platforms 3 and 4 is only possible through an overbridge from the international terminal. The local bus stops are at the entrance to the domestic terminal. The international terminal is connected to a multi-storey car park by a footbridge and also to the nearby Ashford Designer Outlet by a signposted footpath.
The present station was built by the South Eastern Railway (SER) and planned during the initial Railway Mania as a stop between Croydon and Dover. A special train from London Bridge ran on 28 November 1842, and the station formally opened on 1 December, along with the rest of the line from Redhill. The original station consisted of two platforms with two through lines, along with wooden buildings. The line ended at Ashford until the extension to Folkestone opened on 28 June 1843.
Another station (Ashford West) was opened by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway on 1 July 1884 for services via Maidstone East to London. This only lasted 15 years until 1 January 1899 when passenger services were diverted to the former South Eastern Railway station. Remarkably the complete station (buildings and platforms) survived for handling freight and engineering trains until it was closed and demolished around 1999 for construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link.
Ashford station has been rebuilt on two occasions in recent history. The station layout up until the early 1960s consisted of two through tracks, two through platform loops and two bay platforms accessible from the east for terminating services.
For phase two of the Kent electrification scheme in 1962, the two bay platforms were converted into through platforms whilst the main station buildings on either side of the line were replaced by an overbridge including a booking hall, newsagent and catering facilities.
Although most of the original station was swept away during the early 1960s rebuild, two substantial platform canopies dating from the South Eastern & Chatham Railway (SECR) era were retained, albeit without their original wooden valence until the later rebuild of the 1990s. The supporting columns of these canopies were stamped with the date 1908.
The station was rebuilt as Ashford International during the early 1990s for international services from mainland Europe; this included the addition of two platforms to the north of station (the original down island platform had been taken over by international services).
The majority of the overbridge and platform buildings from the early 1960s rebuild were destroyed during the rebuild of the early 1990s. A small section of the 1960s overbridge does remain however, as an emergency exit between the up island platform (platforms 1 and 2) and the up side car park.
Ticket vending facilities
There are ticket office windows in the domestic booking hall, as well as ticket vending machines. There is a domestic ticket office window in the Eurostar station, staffed during morning peak only. The international ticket counter in the Eurostar station is only manned for part of the day.
Times shown are fastest timetabled
journey from St Pancras.
International services started on 8 January 1996. Before the completion of High Speed 1 in November 2007, twelve Eurostar trains a day called, heading to Paris (7 trains) or Brussels (5). However this number was reduced because of the opening of Ebbsfleet International station to 2 or 3 trains to/from Paris and a daily service to Disneyland Paris. A direct train for Brussels was reinstated in 2009. From May 2015 a service to Marseille runs up to five times a week. Seasonal Ski trains also run at weekends in the winter months to Bourg-Saint-Maurice in the French Alps. It is not permitted to use Eurostar services for domestic journeys to and from London;[not in citation given] however, a high-speed domestic service operated by Southeastern to London St Pancras began on 29 June 2009.
As of 16 September 2015[update], the typical off-peak timetable is:
- 2 tph (trains per hour) to London St Pancras direct via Ebbsfleet International and Stratford International
- 2 tph to London Charing Cross, via Sevenoaks
- 2 tph to London Victoria via Maidstone East
- 2 tph to Dover Priory of which one continues to London St Pancras via Ramsgate and Faversham
- 3 tph to Canterbury West, of which two continue to Ramsgate and one of those continues to Margate
- 4 to 6 tpd (trains per day) to London St Pancras (set down only)
- 3 tpd to Paris Nord (pick up only)
- 1 tpd to Brussels Midi (pick up only)
- Up to 7 tpw (trains per week) to Marne-la-Vallée - Chessy (Disneyland Paris) (pick up only)
- Up to 5 tpw to Marseille – Saint-Charles via Lyon and Avignon (pick up only)
- up to 2 tpw to Bourg-Saint-Maurice in the French Alps - seasonal service from December to April (pick up only).
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|St Pancras International||Eurostar
High Speed 1
High Speed 1
High Speed 1
High Speed 1
South East Main Line
Ashford to Ramsgate
(via Canterbury West) Line
London to Paris/Brussels
South Eastern Main Line
- Eurostar Press Release, "Eurostar celebrates 10 years at Ashford International"
- Gray 1990, p. 11.
- Gray 1990, p. 18.
- Gray 1990, p. 19.
- "Station facilities for Ashford International". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
- "Ashford International". Eurostar. Eurostar. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "Eurostar". Retrieved 5 September 2014.[not in citation given]
- "Book 1 - London to Tonbridge, Ashford International, Canterbury West, Dover, and Margate". Southeastern. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Table 189 National Rail timetable, December 2014
- "Timetable Core destinations" (PDF). Eurostar. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Continental connections and Disney timetable" (PDF). Eurostar. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Jowett, Alan (2000). Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas (1st ed.). Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ashford International railway station.|
- Train times and station information for Ashford International railway station from National Rail
- Ashford Station in the 1863 edition of Bradshaw's Descriptive Railway Hand-Book of Great Britain & Ireland
- QDH on theAirDB
- Airport information for Ashford International railway station at Search (for) Travel website.
- BVE Trainsim simulation from Ashford to Swanley
- Ashford International Rail Information.
- Station on navigable 1946 O. S. map