Ashikaga Yoshiakira

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Ashikaga.
Ashikaga Yoshiakira
足利 義詮
Ashikaga Yoshiakira.jpg
2nd Ashikaga shogun
In office
1358–1367
Preceded by Shogun:
Ashikaga Takauji
Succeeded by Shogun:
Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
Personal details
Born (1330-07-04)July 4, 1330
Died December 28, 1367(1367-12-28) (aged 37)
Spouse(s) Shibukawa Kōshi
Relations Father:
Ashikaga Takauji
Mother:
Akahashi Tōshi
Children

Ashikaga Yoshiakira (足利 義詮?, July 4, 1330 – December 28, 1367) was the 2nd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1358 to 1367 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshiakira was the son of the founder and first shogun of the Muromachi shogunate, Ashikaga Takauji. His mother was Akahashi Tōshi, also known as Hōjō Nariko.[1]

He spent his childhood in Kamakura as a hostage of the Hōjō clan. His father Takauji joined forces with the banished Emperor Go-Daigo. The Kamakura shogunate was overthrown, and Go-Daigo began the process which came to be known as the Kenmu Restoration.[2]

Yoshiakira assisted Nitta Yoshisada (1301–1338) in his attack on the Kamakura shogunate.[3]

In 1349, an internal disturbance of the government caused Yoshiakira to be called back to Kyoto, where he found himself named as Takauji's heir. On 5 April 1352, Loyalist forces led by Kitabatake Akiyoshi, Kusunoki Masanori and Chigusa Akitsune occupied Kyoto for twenty days before Yoshiakira was able to retake the city. Loyalist forces led by Masanori and Yamana Tokiuji captured Kyoto again in July 1353, but were repulsed by Yoshiakira in Aug. In Jan. 1355, Loyalist forces led by Momonoi, Tadafuyu, and Yamana captured Kyoto again. However, Kyoto was recaptured on 25 April by Takauji's and Yoshiakira's combined forces.[4] Yoshiakira succeeded his father Takauji as Seii Taishogun after his death in 1358.[5]

Significant events shape the period during which Yoshiakira was shogun:

  • 1358 – Takauji dies; Yoshiakira appointed shogun; dissention and defections in shogunate.[6]
  • 1362 – Hosokawa Kiyouji and Kusunoki Masanori attack Kyoto, Yoshiakira flees, but regains the capital in twenty days.[6][4]:107-108
  • 1365 – Emperor Go-Daigo's son, Prince Kaneyoshi (also known as Kanenaga) gains control of Kyushu.[6]
  • 1367 – Kantō kubō Ashikaga Motouji dies;[6] Yoshiakira falls ill and cedes his position to his son.[7]

Some months after his death he was succeeded by his son Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, who became the third shogun in 1368. Yoshiakira was posthumously named 宝篋院 (Hōkyōin?), and his grave is at Tōji-in, Kyoto,[8] at the same site as his father's grave.[1]

Eras of Yoshiakira's bakufu[edit]

The years in which Yoshiakira was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[9]

Nanboku-chō southern court

  • Eras as reckoned by legitimate Court (as determined by Meiji rescript):

Nanboku-chō northern Court

  • Eras as reckoned by pretender Court (as determined by Meiji rescript):

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "足利 義詮" [Ashikaga Yoshiakira]. Nihon Jinmei Daijiten (日本人名大辞典) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 290-294., p. 290, at Google Books
  3. ^ "足利義詮" [Ashikaga Yoshiakira]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  4. ^ a b Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615. Stanford University Press. p. 81, 87–89, 92–97. ISBN 0804705259. 
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 304., p. 304, at Google Books
  6. ^ a b c d Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p. 329.
  7. ^ Titsingh, p. 307., p. 307, at Google Books
  8. ^ Titsingh,p. 308., p. 308, at Google Books
  9. ^ Titsingh, pp. 304–308., p. 304, at Google Books

References[edit]

Preceded by
Ashikaga Takauji
Muromachi Shogun
1358–1367
Succeeded by
Ashikaga Yoshimitsu