Ashikaga Yoshihisa (足利 義尚, December 11, 1465 – April 26, 1489) was the 9th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1473 to 1489 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshihisa was the son of the eighth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimasa with his wife Hino Tomiko.
Since the almost 30-year-old shōgun Yoshimasa had no heir by 1464, he adopted his younger brother Ashikaga Yoshimi to succeed him. However, Yoshihisa was born in the next year starting a struggle for succession between brothers that erupted into the Ōnin War starting in 1467, beginning the Sengoku period of Japanese history. In the middle of hostilities, Yoshimasa retired in 1473, relinquishing the position of Sei-i Taishōgun to Yoshihisa.
- Father: Ashikaga Yoshimasa
- Mother: Hino Tomiko
- Wife: daughter of Hino Katsumitsu
- Concubine: daughter of Tokudaiji priest
- Child: a daughter
Events of Yoshihisa's bakufu
Significant events shape the period during which Yoshihisa was shōgun:
- 1479 – Yoshihisa's shogunal administration begins.
- 1489 – Yoshihisa dies in camp during campaign against Sasaki Takayori; Yoshimasa resumes administration.
- 1490 – Yoshimasa dies.
After the Ōnin war, Rokkaku Takayori, daimyō of southern Ōmi Province, seized land and manors owned by nobles of the imperial court, temples, and shrines. In 1487, Yoshihisa led a campaign (Rokkaku Tobatsu) against Takayori but died unexpectedly, leaving no heir.
Yoshihisa was followed by his cousin, tenth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshitane, the following year.
Eras of Yoshihisa's bakufu
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p. 331.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 357., p. 357, at Google Books
- Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615. Stanford University Press. pp. 217–229. ISBN 0804705259.
- Ackroyd, p. 298; n.b., Shōgun Yoshimasa was succeeded by shōgun Yoshihisa (Yoshimasa's natural son), then by shōgun Yoshitane (Yoshimasa's first adopted son), and then by shōgun Yoshizumi (Yoshimasa's second adopted son)
- Titsingh, pp. 357–361, p. 357, at Google Books
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702214851; OCLC 7574544
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.