Ashikaga Yoshitane (足利 義稙, September 9, 1466 – May 23, 1523), also known as Ashikaga Yoshiki (足利 義材), was the 10th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who headed the shogunate first from 1490 to 1493 and then again from 1508 to 1521 during the Muromachi period of Japan.
Yoshitane was the son of Ashikaga Yoshimi and grandson of the sixth shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori. In his early life, he was named Yoshiki (sometimes translated as Yoshimura), and then Yoshitada — including the period of when he is first installed as shogun; however, he changed his name to Yoshitane in 1501 in a period when he was temporarily exiled, and it is by this name that he is generally known today.
- Father: Ashikaga Yoshimi
- Mother: daughter of Uramatsu Shigemasa
- Wife: Seiyun'in
- Concubine: daughter of Yamana Toyoshige
- a daughter
- Adopted Son: Ashikaga Yoshitsuna
Events of Yoshitane's bakufu
Significant events which shaped the period during which Yoshitane was shogun:
- 1490—Yoshitane appointed shogun.
- 1491 – Hōjō Sōun gains control of Izu.
- 1493 – Hatakeyama Yoshitoyo forces Yoshitane to abdicate.
- 1500 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara accedes.
- 1508 – Ōuchi Yoshioki restores Yoshitane.
- 1520—Dissension over Hosokawa succession; Takakuni becomes Kanrei [?] (Kanryō); Yoshitane opposes Takakuni and the Kanryō is driven out.
- 1521 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara  appoints Ashikaga Yoshiharu shogun.
Yoshitane's heirs and successors
Shogun Yoshitane adopted the son of Yoshizumi who was his cousin, Ashikaga Yoshitsuna and he designated Yoshitsuna as his heir and as his anticipated successor as shogun. However, when Yoshitane died prematurely, he was not succeeded by who he had chosen; rather, his father's newly designated heir was accepted by the shogunate as Shogun Yoshizumi.
In other words, after the death of his son, Shogun Yoshimasa adopted the son of his brother, Yoshimi. After the death of his adopted son, Yoshimasa adopted the son of another brother, Masatomo. Shogun Yoshimasa was succeeded by Shogun Yoshihisa (Yoshimasa's natural son), then by Shogun Yoshitane (Yoshimasa's first adopted son), and then by Shogun Yoshizumi (Yoshimasa's second adopted son). Yoshizumi's progeny would become shoguns in due course.
Eventually, the great-grandson of Yoshitane would be installed as a puppet shogun for a brief period, but external power struggles would unseat him, and the Ashikaga dynasty of shoguns would end.
Eras of Yoshitane's bakufu
- Titsigh, Issac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 361–362., p. 361, at Google Books
- Titsingh, pp. 367–371., p. 367, at Google Books
- Ackroyd, p. 331.
- Titsingh, p. 364., p. 364, at Google Books
- Titsingh, p. 361., p. 361, at Google Books
- Titsingh, p. 362., p. 362, at Google Books
- Titsingh, p. 366–367., p. 366, at Google Books
- Titsingh, p. 370., p. 370, at Google Books
- Ackroyd, p. 385 n104; excerpt, "Some apparent contradictions exist in various versions of the pedigree owing to adoptions and name-changes. Yoshitsuna (sometimes also read Yoshikore) changed his name and was adopted by Yoshitane. Some pedigrees show Yoshitsuna as Yoshizumi's son, and Yoshifuyu as Yoshizumi's son."
- Ackroyd, p. 298.
- Titsingh, pp. 352–372., p. 352, at Google Books
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702214851; OCLC 7574544
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.