Ashland, Ohio

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City of Ashland
East Main Street, downtown
East Main Street, downtown
Motto(s): 
"Someplace Special"[1]
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Ashland is located in Ohio
Ashland
Ashland
Location in Ohio
Ashland is located in the United States
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland (the United States)
Ashland is located in North America
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland (North America)
Coordinates: 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528Coordinates: 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyAshland
Government
 • MayorMatt Miller[2]
Area
 • Total11.23 sq mi (29.09 km2)
 • Land11.17 sq mi (28.93 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m)
Population
 • Total20,362
 • Estimate 
(2018[6])
20,423
 • Density1,822.9/sq mi (703.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44805
Area code(s)419, 567
FIPS code39-02568[7]
GNIS feature ID1060832[4]
WebsiteCity of Ashland, Ohio

Ashland is a city in and the county seat of Ashland County, Ohio, United States,[8] 66 miles southwest of Cleveland and 82 miles northeast of Columbus. The population was 20,362 at the 2010 census. It is the center of the Ashland Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003).

Ashland is well known in the state for its "welcome sign" that proclaims the city to be "The World Headquarters of Nice People."[9]

Ashland was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

History[edit]

Ashland was laid out by Daniel Carter in 1815. Ashland was originally called Uniontown, but in 1822 the city was compelled to adopt a new name because another city in Ohio was already named Uniontown. The new name of Ashland was selected by supporters of the Kentucky congressman Henry Clay, from Ashland, his estate near Lexington.[10][11]

Later, "Henry Clay High School" was considered as a name for what is now known as Ashland High School.

In the mid-1800s, Ashland pioneers traveled to Oregon, naming a settlement after the town.

In July 2015, Ashland celebrated its bicentennial with a month of community events, the annual Balloonfest, and a Fourth of July parade estimated to have had 10,000 to 12,000 in attendance. Entries included the Budweiser Clydesdale, local businesses, veteran groups, antique tractors, and many community groups.

Geography[edit]

Ashland is at 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528 (40.867016, -82.315146).[12]

According to the 2010 census, the city has an area of 11.23 square miles (29.1 km2), of which 11.17 square miles (28.9 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.[13]

The city has 85.6 miles (137.8 km) of streets, one hospital, one fire station, one police station, and five parks.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18501,264
18601,74838.3%
18702,60148.8%
18803,00415.5%
18903,56818.8%
19004,08714.5%
19106,79566.3%
19209,24936.1%
193011,14120.5%
194012,45311.8%
195014,28714.7%
196017,41921.9%
197019,87214.1%
198020,2521.9%
199020,079−0.9%
200021,2495.8%
201020,362−4.2%
Est. 201820,423[6]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, the city had 20,362 people, 8,063 households, and 4,813 families. The population density was 1,822.9 inhabitants per square mile (703.8/km2). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 798.0 per square mile (308.1/km2). The city's racial makeup was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,063 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The city's median age was 36.1 years. 21% of the city's population was under age 18; 15.7% was from age 18 to 24; 22.5% was from age 25 to 44; 23.1% was from age 45 to 64; and 17.7% was age 65 or older. The city's gender makeup was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, the city had 21,249 people, 8,327 households, and 5,262 families. The population density was 2,051.5 people per square mile (791.9/km²). There were 8,870 housing units at an average density of 856.4/sq mi (330.6/km²). The city's racial makeup was 96.35% White, 1.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 8,327 households, of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

22.6% of the city's population was under age 18, 15.4% was from age 18 to 24, 25.1% was from age 25 to 44, 20.3% was from age 45 to 64, and 16.6% was age 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The city's median household income was $34,250, and the median family income was $42,755. Males had a median income of $33,634 versus $21,781 for females. The city's per capita income was $16,760. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The city is governed by a mayor, Matt Miller, and a five-person city council.

Transportation[edit]

The Ashland County Airport is three nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.6 km) northeast of Ashland's central business district.[15]

Education[edit]

Ashland Public Library

Ashland Public Schools enroll 3,717 students in public primary and secondary schools.[16] The district operates five public schools, including three elementary schools, one middle school, one high school. Other than public schools, the city is home to Ashland Christian School, St. Edward Catholic School, a US Dept. of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence, and Ashland Montessori School.

The city is home to Ashland University and Ashland Theological Seminary. Both were established by the Brethren Church—an Evangelical Protestant church in the Anabaptist tradition—which is headquartered in Ashland.

Ashland contains the Ashland Public Library.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Ashland, Ohio". City of Ashland, Ohio. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  2. ^ . City of Ashland OH http://www.ashland-ohio.com/government/ashland-elected-officials-2. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  9. ^ "Ashland, Ohio". cbsnews.com. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  10. ^ Baughman, Abraham J. (1909). History of Ashland County, Ohio, Volume 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 171.
  11. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 6.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Ohio". United States Census. Archived from the original on 2016-07-02. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 3G4 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective 30 June 2011.
  16. ^ greatschools. "Ashland City School District Profile". Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  17. ^ "Location & Hours". Ashland Public Library. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  18. ^ "AU Library Friends honor Thomas Olin", Ashland Times Gazette, March 20, 1991.

External links[edit]