Ashland County, Wisconsin

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Ashland County, Wisconsin
Ashland County Courthouse Wisconsin August 2012.jpg
Ashland County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Ashland County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded March 27, 1860
Named for Henry Clay's farm Ashland
Seat Ashland
Largest city Ashland
Area
 • Total 2,292 sq mi (5,936 km2)
 • Land 1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)
 • Water 1,247 sq mi (3,230 km2), 54%
Population
 • (2010) 16,157
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.ashland.wi.us

Ashland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,157.[1] Its county seat is Ashland.[2] The county was formed on March 27, 1860, from La Pointe County.[3]

History[edit]

Ashland County was named in honor of the Lexington estate of Kentucky statesman Henry Clay, as one of the founders of the city of Ashland was an admirer of Clay.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,292 square miles (5,940 km2), of which 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2) is land and 1,247 square miles (3,230 km2) (54%) is water.[6] It is the second-largest county in Wisconsin by total area. The Apostle Islands are a small group of islands in Lake Superior, off the Bayfield Peninsula with the majority of the islands located in Ashland County — only Sand, York and Raspberry Islands are in Bayfield County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860515
1870221−57.1%
18801,559605.4%
189020,0631,186.9%
190020,1760.6%
191021,9658.9%
192024,53811.7%
193021,054−14.2%
194021,8013.5%
195019,461−10.7%
196017,375−10.7%
197016,743−3.6%
198016,7830.2%
199016,307−2.8%
200016,8663.4%
201016,157−4.2%
Est. 201615,714[7]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2014[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ashland County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,157 people residing in the county. 84.6% were White, 11.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.3% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 25.6% were of German, 7.6% Finnish, 6.8% American, 6.5% Irish and 5.3% Norwegian ancestry.[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 16,866 people, 6,718 households, and 4,279 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 8,883 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.10% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 10.35% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.8% were of German, 8.4% Finnish, 7.4% Polish, 7.4% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.6% spoke English as their first language. The reservation of the Bad River Chippewa Band is partially located in the county.

There were 6,718 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

Communities[edit]

Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas
Entrance sign on U.S. Route 2

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 41.1% 3,303 52.6% 4,226 6.3% 503
2012 33.7% 2,820 64.5% 5,399 1.8% 153
2008 30.7% 2,634 67.9% 5,818 1.4% 122
2004 36.0% 3,313 63.1% 5,805 0.9% 81
2000 38.5% 3,038 55.2% 4,356 6.3% 496
1996 27.4% 1,863 56.0% 3,808 16.6% 1,127
1992 28.3% 2,372 50.2% 4,213 21.5% 1,808
1988 39.1% 2,926 60.5% 4,526 0.4% 30
1984 42.5% 3,517 56.6% 4,680 0.9% 71
1980 37.6% 3,262 51.5% 4,469 11.0% 954
1976 38.3% 3,045 58.9% 4,688 2.9% 228
1972 46.9% 3,478 50.9% 3,771 2.2% 162
1968 35.7% 2,557 58.0% 4,147 6.3% 451
1964 29.0% 2,198 70.9% 5,383 0.1% 10
1960 42.7% 3,470 57.1% 4,644 0.2% 13
1956 52.7% 4,121 47.0% 3,677 0.3% 21
1952 53.5% 4,451 46.0% 3,828 0.5% 41
1948 41.8% 3,135 54.7% 4,110 3.5% 264
1944 40.6% 3,183 58.8% 4,609 0.6% 47
1940 38.6% 3,592 60.0% 5,586 1.4% 131
1936 28.1% 2,439 68.0% 5,904 3.9% 338
1932 31.8% 2,646 64.9% 5,405 3.3% 277
1928 49.4% 3,639 48.4% 3,570 2.2% 163
1924 32.4% 2,272 6.4% 449 61.2% 4,283
1920 70.9% 4,005 19.2% 1,081 9.9% 560
1916 52.0% 1,998 41.2% 1,582 6.9% 264
1912 26.8% 937 41.5% 1,451 31.6% 1,105
1908 54.2% 2,259 38.0% 1,582 7.8% 326
1904 71.4% 3,406 21.1% 1,004 7.6% 360
1900 64.0% 3,034 32.8% 1,557 3.2% 152
1896 59.7% 2,738 38.0% 1,743 2.3% 105
1892 46.5% 2,283 49.6% 2,436 4.0% 195

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Wisconsin History: La Pointe County (obsolete)
  4. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society. "Term: Ashland County [origin of place name]". Dictionary of Wisconsin History. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  5. ^ "Here's How Iron Got Its Name". The Rhinelander Daily News. June 16, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 24, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder"
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°43′N 90°34′W / 46.71°N 90.56°W / 46.71; -90.56