Ashmont (MBTA station)

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ASHMONT / PEABODY SQ.
Ashmont Red Line interior.JPG
Ashmont in September 2012 after the completion of renovations
Location 1900 Dorchester Avenue
at 200 Ashmont Street
Dorchester, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°17′03″N 71°03′50″W / 42.2843°N 71.0638°W / 42.2843; -71.0638Coordinates: 42°17′03″N 71°03′50″W / 42.2843°N 71.0638°W / 42.2843; -71.0638
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Line(s)
  Red Line– Ashmont
  Red Line– Mattapan
Platforms 2 side platforms (Red Line)
1 side platform (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)
Tracks 2 (Red Line)
1 (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)
Construction
Parking 100 spaces
Bicycle facilities "Pedal and Park" bicycle cage
Disabled access Yes
History
Opened September 1, 1928 (Red Line)[1]
August 26, 1929 (Ashmont-Mattapan High-Speed Line)[1]
Rebuilt October 21, 2011[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2013 weekday average boardings) 2,036 (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)[3]
9,293 (Red Line)[3]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Alewife
Red Line Terminus
Terminus Red Line
toward Mattapan

Ashmont (signed as Ashmont / Peabody Sq.) is a multimodal MBTA transfer station located at Peabody Square in Dorchester, Massachusetts. It is the southern terminus of the Dorchester Branch (Ashmont Branch) of the rapid transit Red Line, the northern terminus of the light rail Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line, and an important MBTA Bus terminal.

Ashmont station is fully handicapped accessible for all modes.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance, headhouse
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound Ashmont–Mattapan Line toward Mattapan (Cedar Grove)
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound Red Line alighting passengers only
Inbound Red Line toward Alewife (Shawmut)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

History[edit]

The New Haven Railroad's Ashmont station in 1923
Trolley loading platforms at the BERy's Ashmont station in 1929

The first Ashmont Station was a simple building along the original Shawmut Branch of the Old Colony Railroad, which opened in 1872. That was when steam locomotives powered the passenger trains that continued into Boston with a stop at Fields Corner. The current intermediate Shawmut Station was not created as a train stop until the Shawmut Branch of the steam railroad (by then under the New Haven Railroad) was adapted to electrified subway service in the late 1920s and placed underground as it approached Ashmont Station.

When first built in 1928, no buses served the station; all lines ran streetcars. Specifically, the following Boston Elevated Railway streetcar lines operated to Ashmont (using post-1942 numbers), unloading on the east side and loading on the two west tracks on the west side:

  • 22 Ruggles via Talbot Avenue
  • 23 Ruggles via Washington Street, Dorchester
  • 27 Mattapan Station via River St.

Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway cars to Brockton also used the station.

Two streetcar lines serving the area west of Ashmont were bustituted soon after opening, later becoming the 25 and 26 buses. They were rerouted to Ashmont for faster access to downtown. A new busway was built on the west side of the station in 1929; this has since been connected to the old streetcar ramps. The first section of the Mattapan High Speed Line (originally 28) also opened in 1929, serving the easternmost track on the west side.

The Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway line converted to bus in 1932, using the busway. The 27 was bustituted in 1933, and a new route (24, renumbered 12 ca. 1967) serving the area east of the station was also added. Additionally the Eastern Mass started running buses over what are now the 215 and 217 routes.

The ramps were paved, and in 1949 the trolleybus replaced the 22 and 23 lines.

Reconstruction[edit]

An Ashmont-Mattapan Line streetcar on the new loop at Ashmont in 2010

In 2005, the MBTA awarded a $35.2 million contract for the complete reconstruction of the 75-year-old Ashmont station. The station was razed by September 2007 and the station was completely rebuilt. Trolley service was interrupted for 18 months, but was restored in December 2007.[4] The reconstruction was completed in 2009, while architectural work lasted until the summer of 2011.[5] Highlights of the project included:[6][7]

  • New platforms and an elevated viaduct for the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line
  • Two new lobbies with access at the station
  • An elevated busway that is level with the new lobbies
  • Public access over the subway tunnel to Peabody Square
  • Three new elevators and two new escalators
  • CCTV security cameras and significantly enhanced lighting
  • Charlie Card automated fare vending machines and fare gates

The station construction included of a first-of-its-kind transit oriented development (TOD) on the station site. The 116 units of mixed-income housing represent the state, city, MBTA, community and a private developer's combined effort to provide housing adjacent to rapid transit, thereby reducing automobile usage.[5][6]

In September 2011, a "HOLD" sign was installed on the trolley platform to allow an easier connection for those transferring from the Red Line.[8]

Bus connections[edit]

A BAT12 bus in the Ashmont busway in 2012

Ashmont is a major terminal for the MBTA Bus system, with seven local routes serving the station busway:

The Brockton Area Transit Authority operates one bus route to Ashmont - one of the only non-MBTA routes running to an MBTA rapid transit station:

  • Ashmont Route 12

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (27 June 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Rosso, Patrick (21 October 2011). "Dorchester's Ashmont T station officially dedicated". Boston Globe. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Commuter Rail service is back after a barge hits a bridge". WHDH-TV. December 22, 2007. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  5. ^ a b "Ashmont Station Renovation". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "MBTA > Ashmont Station Renovation". MBTA. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  7. ^ MBTA. "Bid Responses" (PDF). Ashmont Station Community Website. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  8. ^ Rosso, Patrick (16 September 2011). "Mattapan commuters get a little extra time to catch the train". Boston Globe. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 

External links[edit]