||This biographical article needs more biographical information on the subject. (March 2017)|
22 September 1931
Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh
|Died||23 March 2017
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
|Awards||Sahitya Akademi Award|
Ashokamitran (September 22, 1931 – March 23, 2017) was the pen name of Jagadisa Thyagarajan, an Indian writer regarded one of the most influential figures in post-independent Tamil literature. He began his prolific literary career with the prize winning play "Anbin Parisu" and went on to author more than two hundred short stories, and a dozen novellas and novels. A distinguished essayist and critic, he was the editor of the literary journal "Kanaiyaazhi". He has written over 200 short stories, eight novels, some 15 novellas besides other prose writings. Most of his works have also been translated into English and other Indian languages, including Hindi, Malayalam, and Telugu.
Born in Secunderabad in 1931, Ashokamitran spent the first twenty years of his life there. His real name was Jagadisa Thyagarajan. He moved to Chennai in 1952 after the death of his father, following an invitation from his father's friend, the film director S.S.Vasan to come work at Vasan's Gemini Studios. He worked for more than a decade at the Gemini Studios. While working there he often acted as an "unofficial scribe" (in his own words) for people working in the film industry, and said that his efforts consisted of "writing most heart rending appeals for loans and salary advances." He also began writing about his experiences working in the film industry in a set of columns for the Illustrated Weekly of India; these columns later became his book, My Years with Boss (sometimes translated as Fourteen Years with Boss). The 'boss' referred to was S.S. Vasan, the owner of Gemini Studios.
His experiences here and his interaction with people from the Tamil filmdom later took the form of his book "My Years with Boss". In 1966, he left his work in the film industry, and has since said that he felt he "should not continue with a system which had built-in inequities."
It was from 1966 that he became a full-time writer and he took up the pseudonym of "Ashokamitran" . In 1973 he was invited and took part in the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa, United States. In the 1980s most of his works were translated into English and he and his works became well-known all over India. Some of his works were translated into other European languages and most Indian languages as well.
Ashokamitran died on 23 March 2017 at the age of 85. At the time of his death, he was survived by his wife and three sons.
His works are characterized by simplicity and clarity of thought and drew from his professional and personal experiences. His novel Karainta nilalkal (Star-Crossed), for instance, drew from his experiences with working in public relations in the film industry at Gemini Studios. He has cited a number of writers as influencing his style, including Tamil writers B.R. Rajam Iyer, Subramania Bharti, and K N Subramaniam.
Honours and awards
Ashokamitran was given many awards and honours. Some of them are
- He was given the Government of Tamil Nadu Award thrice and the "Illakiya Chinthani" award twice in 1977 and 1984.
- The K.K. Birla Fellowship to do a study in comparative Indian literature
- 1973-74: The University of Iowa Creative Writing Fellowship
- 1992: Lily Memorial Award.
- 1993: Ramkrishna Jaidayal Harmony Award by the Dalmia Trust for promoting religious harmony.
- 1996: Akshara Award.
- 1996: Sahitya Akademi Award for Appavin Snegidhar, a collection of short stories.
- January 2007: The MGR Award
- May 2012: NTR National Literary Award by NTR Vignan Trust.
- February 10, 2013: The inaugural Kaa Na Su award at a function in Chennai.
- March 30, 2013: National award instituted by the Bharatiya Bhasha Parishad at Kolkata
- Anbin Parisu (1953)
- 18-vadhu Atchakkodu (1977) - (This has been translated into English in the name "The Eighteenth Parallel"). This novel is a kind of biographical look back at his early years at Secundarabad. It describes the life of a young man set against the backdrop of the political unrest that was developing in Hyderabad in the late Forties.
- My Years with Boss
- Karainta nilalkal (translated to English as Star Crossed, by V. Ramnarayan.
- Paavam Dalpathado (translated to English as The Ghost of Meenambakkan by N. Kalyan Raman)
- Appavin Snegidhar. In 1995, he won the Sahitya Akademi Award for this collection of short stories.
- Still Bleeding from the Wound (a collection of stories translated to English by N. Kalyan Raman).
- India, Press Trust of (2016-08-15). "Three popular Ashokamitran books now in English". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- Charukesi. "‘I’ll write as long as I’m physically able to’". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- Ahmad, Omair. "Reading Ashokamitran, a Subtle Genius of the Normal and the Absurd - The Wire". thewire.in. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Ashokamitran - Tamil Writer: The South Asian Literary Recordings Project (Library of Congress New Delhi Office)". www.loc.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Down a literary lane". The Hindu. India. 13 February 2004.
- Desk, Internet. "Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Recipients of Harmony Awards". Organisation of Understanding and Fraternity — Dalmia Bros. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Writers celebrate Sahitya Akademi Foundation Day". Indian Express. Chennai, India. 14 March 2013.
- "NTR National Literary Award for Ashokamitran". The Hindu. Hyderabad, India. 4 May 2012.
- "A very human picture". The Hindu. India. 3 October 2010.
- "A writer of two cities". The Hindu. Hyderabad, India. 12 September 2002.
- "The Boss Will See You Now". Outlook. India. 6 May 2013.
- "Franklin Record - Star-crossed = Karainda nizhalgal / Ashokamitran ; translated from Tamil by V. Ramnarayan.". franklin.library.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "Translating Ashokamitran’s words – and his silences". Times of India Blog. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
- "List of Sahitya Akademi Award winners for Tamil". Wikipedia. 2017-01-23.