Ashoknagar, North 24 Parganas

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Ashoknagar Kalyangarh
অশোকনগর কল্যাণগড়
Ashoknagar
Town / City
Ashoknagar Kalyangarh is located in West Bengal
Ashoknagar Kalyangarh
Ashoknagar Kalyangarh
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°49′59″N 88°37′59″E / 22.833°N 88.633°E / 22.833; 88.633Coordinates: 22°49′59″N 88°37′59″E / 22.833°N 88.633°E / 22.833; 88.633
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Block Habra II
Founded by Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (former chief minister of West Bengal)
Named for Ashoke Kumar Sen
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Ashokenagar Kalyanagarh Municipality
 • Municipality chairman Probodh Sarkar[1]
 • MLA Dhiman Roy
Area
 • Total 20.48 km2 (7.91 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 121,592
 • Density 6,044/km2 (15,650/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN

743222,

743272
Telephone code (std_code) +91 3216
Lok Sabha constituency Barasat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ashoknagar
Website akmweb.in

Ashoknagar Kalyangarh is a city and a municipality under the Ashoknagar police station of Barasat Sadar subdivision[2] in North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Ashoknagar has a heritage of political activism, high-quality education, and culture. Ashoknagar Kalyangarh was planned by Dr. B.C Roy and was later named after the leader Ashoke Kumar Sen. The Congressional leaders Tarun Kanti Ghosh and Keshab Bhattacharjee and the CPI leaders Dr. Sadhan Sen, Bikash Ray Chaudhuri, Nani Kar, and Chitta Ranjan Basu were principal architects of Ashoknagar Kalyanagarh.


The area has two parks, Sanghati Park and Millennium Science Park. There are two English medium schools in Ashoknagar. The area is connected to Kolkata through rail and road networks.

The Kalyani Spinning Mill is in Ashoknagar. The city previously had a unit of RIC and a chemical factory; both were closed down by the state government.

History[edit]

Under British rule, During the period of World War II, Ashoknagar Kalyanagarh was site of a British Royal Air Force Airbase. The site that became Ashoknagar Kalyanagarh was a RAF airfield known by the name of Baigachi Airfield. Four RAF hangars still stand, the remnants of a bygone era. After World War II, the airfield and hangars went into disuse. After India became independent, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the then CM of West Bengal, developed the airfield into a planned city. The site was initially known as "Habra Urban Colony". Later, its north-east portion was named "Kalyangarh" and then its south-west portion was named "Ashoknagar".

Geography[edit]

Ashoknagar is located at 22°49′59″N 88°37′59″E / 22.833°N 88.633°E / 22.833; 88.633.

Climate[edit]

The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid-September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid-November to mid-February) and humid during summer.

Temperature : 39.5 °C in May(Max) and 10.3 °C in January(Min)

Relative Humidity: Between 55% in March & 98% in July

Rainfall: 310mm(Normal)

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Ashoknagar Kalyangarh had a total population of 121,592, of which 61,236 (50%) were males and 60,356 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 9,091. The total number of literates in Ashoknagar Kalyangarh was 103,492 (91.99% of the population over 6 years). [3]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Habra Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 304,584, of which 154,863 (51%) were males and 149,723 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 23,023. The total number of literates in Habra UA was 256,313 (91.03% of the population over 6 years).[4]The constituents of Habra Urban Agglomeration were Habra (M), Ashoknagar Kalyangarh (M), Bara Bamonia (CT), Guma (CT), Anarbaria (CT) and Khorddabamonia (CT).[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Ashoknagar Kalyangarh had a population of 111,475. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Ashoknagar Kalyangarh has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 53% of the males and 47% of females literate. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religion[edit]

According to Census of India 2011, Hinduism is the predominant religion in this city, followed by Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and others. Out of 1,21,592 people living in Ashoknagar Kalyanagarh; 1,18,163 are Hindus (97.20%), 2,983 are Muslims (2.5%), 195 are Christians (0.16%), 26 are Sikhs (0.02%), 22 are Buddhists (0.01%), 10 are Jains(0.008%), 18 are other religions (0.015%) and 175 (0.14%) did not state their religion.

Religion in Ashoknagar Kalyanagarh
Religion Percent
Hinduism
97.20%
Islam
2.5%
Christianity
0.16%
Buddhist
0.02%
Others
0.12%

Administration[edit]

Municipality[edit]

Ashokenagar Kalyanagarh Municipality recently installed LED tower lights.

The municipality has an area of 20.50 sq. km. and comprises 23 wards.

Police station[edit]

Ashoknagar police station is one of the important police stations in North 24 Parganas district. It has jurisdiction over the Ashokenagar Kalyanagarh municipality area and 8 Gram Panchayats which is part of Habra II CD Block area. Ashoknagar police station covers an area of 174.5 km² and serves a population of 261,312. Palash Chattapadhay is the Inspector in Charge of the PS.[7]

Economy[edit]

Predominantly this is a domestic town. People move to capital cities and industrial areas like Kolkata, Kalyani, Barrackpore, etc. to earn their livelihood. Normal markets and business have grown to cater the needs of the citizens of this town. The three main market complexes within this town are Golbazar Market Complex, Kachua Agricultural Market Complex and Building More Super Market Complex. Kalyanagarh Bazar also the important market for the citizens of this town. Besides, there are several self-help groups, women folks, artisans and craftsmen who are engaged in small scale production of jewellery boxes, garments and different kinds of decorative items.

Education[edit]

The city has a very high literacy rate, 92.45%, according to the 2011 census.[citation needed] There are high schools for girls and boys, as well as a large number of primary schools (government and private).

Schools[edit]

WBBSE affiliated schools[edit]

  • Debinagar Boy's High School
  • Debinagar Girl's High school
  • Kalitala Bani Mandir High School

WBCHSE affiliated schools[edit]

  • Ashokenagar Vivekananda Vidyamandir (H.S)
  • Ashokenagar Boys' Secondary School (H.S)
  • Ashoknagar Banipith Girls School
  • Ashoknagar Adarsha Balika Vidyalaya
  • Kalayangarh Vidya Mandir
  • Kalayangarh Balika vidyalaya
  • Ashokenagar Vidyasagar Bani Bhawan
  • Ashokenagar Kamala Nehru Adarsha Vidyamandir (For Girls)
  • Ashokenagar Ma saradamani vidyapith (For girls)
  • Ashokenagar High School
  • Kalyangarh Bidhan chandra Vidyapith(H.S)
  • Haripur Sanaskrita Sangha Uchha Vidyalaya
  • Haripur Sanaskrita Sangha Balika Vidyalaya
  • Sendanga Chaturdash Palli High School..
  • Ashoknagar Durga Prosanna high school

ICSE affiliated schools[edit]

  • St. Francis School, Guma

CBSE affiliated schools[edit]

  • Vidya Bharti Global School
  • Mount Zion School

College[edit]

Cinema Halls and auditoriums[edit]

  • Nataraj Cinema Hall
  • Saheed Sadan

Bank/Financial Institutions[edit]

Medical facilities[edit]

Hospital[edit]

  • Ashoknagar State General Hospital
  • Pragyanananda Saraswati Sebasadan
  • Pragyanananda Saraswati Sebasadan(Eye Department

Nursing Homes[edit]

  • Banani Nursing Home
  • Blue Print Nursing Home

Transport[edit]

Railway System[edit]

Ashoknagar Road is 41 kilometres (25 mi) from Sealdah Station and 18 km from Barasat on the Sealdah-Bangaon branch line of Eastern Railway.[8] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Ashoknagar Road (ASKR) is directly connected on NH 35 (Jessore Road).

Road[edit]

Buses from Habra Bus Terminal are directly connected to Naihati, Maslandapur, Madhyamgram, Bangaon, Barasat, Nagarukhra, Kalyani, Basirhat, Kolkata, Bagdah, Chakdah, Bagjola, Digha, Durgapur, Bandel, Baruipur, Howrah, Badkulla, krishnanagar, Barasat, Alampur, Dattaphulia, Nimta, Sodepur, Duttapukur, Thakurnagar ,Jagulia. Ashoknagar Bypass Road is directly connected on NH 35 (Jessore Road) & NH 34 (Kolkata to Siliguri).

The NH 35, commonly known as Jessore Road, comes from Belgacchia Road (Nani Kar Sarani)also known as Habra-Ashoknagar Bypass. Kolkata and passes through the town in the direction of Bangladesh and the border town Bongaon, which is approximately 38 km from Ashoknagar.

The town is well connected by road and railway to Kolkata. It is also connected to Naihati and the Habra Jirat Road.

The town is very planned; it is divided into 23 municipal wards. The town was originally planned as a township to accommodate the refugees that flooded India after India was partitioned. It contains housing plots under several schemes (areas or regions in the town).

Politics[edit]

Ashoknagar was once a bastion of Left politics. The area witnessed the food movements of 1959 and 1966. Refugee, students', and teachers' movements kept the locality politically vibrant till 1977. When the assembly segment was created for the first time in 1967, it was won by Dr. Sadhan Sen of the CPI, who also won the seat in 1969. Nani Kar of CPI(M) defeated Keshab Chandra Bhattacharjee of INC/Ind in 1991, 1987, 1982, 1977 and 1971. Keshab Chandra Bhattacharya of Independent defeated Nani Kar of CPI(M) in 1972. In 1996, Nirod Roy Choudhury of CPI(M) defeated Dhiman Roy of AITC. After the sudden death of Nirod Roy Choudhury, Badal Bhattacharjee of BJP defeated the CPIM candidate Rekha Goswami in 1998. In 2001, Sharmistha Dutta of CPI(M) defeated Ashok Krishna Dutta of AITC. Satyasebi Kar of CPI(M) won the Ashoknagar assembly seat in 2006, defeating Dhiman Roy of AITC. Dhiman Roy of AITC defeated Satyasebi Kar of CPIM in 2011 assembly election. In 2016, Dhiman Roy of AITC defeated Satyasebi Kar of CPI(M) again.

Political history of Ashoknagar Kalyangarh Municipality[edit]

After the partition of Bengal, a section of people, though much in number, settled in and around erstwhile Habra P.S. areas of West Bengal. In 1955, after a popular agitation, Kalyangarh the Government sponsored refugee settlement was declared urban status; however not municipal area, yet the then Government declared its responsibilities to urbanise the roads, drainage, sanitation, etc. With utter dissatisfaction of the people, no work for urbanisation was really undertaken in the decade of sixties. Subsequently in the year 1968, Ashokenagar-Kalyangarh Municipality was created. The municipality was run by the Left Front till 2010.The first elected chairperson of AKM was Shri Bikash Raychawdhury for the period 1981 to 1994, then Smt.Sarmistha Dutta was for the period 1994 to 2010,both were from C.P.I(M) and Sri Chittaranjan Basu (CPI) was the Vice-Chairman. Then Mr. Samir Dutta of AITC was Chairman of Ashoknagar Kalyangarh Municipality 2010 to 2015. Now Mr. Prododh Sarkar of AITC is Chairman of Ashokenagar Kalyanagarh Municipality.

Festivals[edit]

Major festivals observed at Ashoknagar include Durga puja, Laxmi puja, Saraswati puja, Manasa puja, Shitala puja, Ratha yatra, Bishwakarma puja, Shivratri and Diwali. Ashoknagar is known for big Durga Pujas as well as the Kali Puja venues. But Kalyangarh region is well known for its very own Jagadhatri Puja.

See also[edit]

Map of Habra I CD Block on Page 289 of District Census Handbook. It also shows the location of Ashoknagar.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 May 2018. 
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomeration/ Cities having population above 1 lakh" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India, 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  5. ^ "Constituents of Urban Agglomeration having population of 1 lakh and bove" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India, 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  7. ^ "North 24 Parganas Dist. Police". Know Your Police Station. District Police. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  8. ^ Eastern Railway time table
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 289 -Map of Habra I CD Block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 1 June 2018.