List of ship directions

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This list of ship directions provides succinct definitions for terms applying to spatial orientation in a marine environment or location on a vessel, such as fore, aft, astern, aboard, or topside.

Terms[edit]

  • Abaft (preposition): at or toward the stern of a ship, or further back from a location, e.g. the mizzenmast is abaft the mainmast.[1]
  • Aboard: onto or within a ship, or in a group.[2]
  • Above: a higher deck of the ship.[1]
  • Aft (adjective): toward the stern (rear) of a ship.[1]
  • Adrift: floating in the water without propulsion.
  • Aground: resting on the shore or wedged against the sea floor.[3]
  • Ahull: with sails furled and helm lashed alee.[4]
  • Alee: on or toward the lee (the downwind side).[5]
  • Aloft: the stacks, masts, rigging, or other area above the highest solid structure.[1]
  • Amidships: near the middle part of a ship.[1]
  • Aport: toward the port side of a ship (opposite of "astarboard").[6]
  • Ashore: on or towards the shore or land.[7]
  • Astarboard: toward the starboard side of a ship (opposite of "aport").[8]
  • Astern (adjective): toward the rear of a ship (opposite of "forward").[9]
  • Athwartships: toward the sides of a ship.[1]
  • Aweather: toward the weather or windward side of a ship.[10]
  • Aweigh: just clear of the sea floor, as with an anchor.[11]
  • Below: a lower deck of the ship.[1]
  • Belowdecks: inside or into a ship, or down to a lower deck.[12]
  • Bilge: the underwater part of a ship between the flat of the bottom and the vertical topsides[13]
  • Bottom: the lowest part of the ship's hull.
  • Bow: front of a ship (opposite of "stern")[1]
  • Centerline or centreline: an imaginary, central line drawn from the bow to the stern.[1]
  • Fore or forward: at or toward the front of a ship or further ahead of a location (opposite of "aft")[1]
  • Inboard: attached inside the ship.[14]
  • Keel: the bottom structure of a ship's hull.[15]
  • Leeward: side or direction away from the wind (opposite of "windward").[16]
  • On deck: to an outside or muster deck (as "all hands on deck").[17]
  • On board: on, onto, or within the ship[18]
  • Onboard: somewhere on or in the ship.[19]
  • Outboard: attached outside the ship.[20]
  • Port: the left side of the ship, when facing forward (opposite of "starboard").[1]
  • Starboard: the right side of the ship, when facing forward (opposite of "port").[1]
  • Stern: the rear of a ship (opposite of "bow").[1]
  • Topside: the top portion of the outer surface of a ship on each side above the waterline.[1]
  • Underdeck: a lower deck of a ship.[21]
  • Yardarm: an end of a yard spar below a sail.
  • Waterline: where the water surface meets the ship's hull.
  • Weather: side or direction from which wind blows (same as "windward").[16]
  • Windward: side or direction from which wind blows (opposite of "leeward").[16]

Date of first use[edit]

  • "Aboard": 14th century[2]
  • "Aft": 1580[22]
  • "Outboard": 1694[23]
  • "Inboard": 1830[20]
  • "Belowdecks": 1897.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Ship Directions - TKDTutor" (glossary), TKDtutor.com, 2012, web: SD Archived 2012-05-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b "Aboard - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-ab
  3. ^ "Aground - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-agr
  4. ^ "Ahull - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-ahull
  5. ^ "Alee - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-alee
  6. ^ "Aport - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-aport
  7. ^ "Ashore - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-ash
  8. ^ "Astarboard - Definition and More from Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-astar
  9. ^ "Astern - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-astern
  10. ^ "Aweather - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-aweat
  11. ^ "Aweigh - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-aweigh
  12. ^ a b "Belowdecks - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-belowd
  13. ^ "Bilge - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-bilge
  14. ^ "Inboard - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-inb
  15. ^ "Bilge keel - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-bilgek
  16. ^ a b c "Windward - Definition and More from Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-windw
  17. ^ "Deck - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-deck
  18. ^ "Definition of ABOARD". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  19. ^ "Onboard - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-onb
  20. ^ a b "Outboard - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-outb
  21. ^ "Underdeck - Definition and More from Merriam-Webster Dictionary", Merriam-Webster Dictionary, May 2012, web: MW-underd
  22. ^ "aft". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  23. ^ "outboard". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)