Ashraf Ali Thanwi

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Ashraf Ali Thanvi
اشرف علی تھانوی
Ashraf Ali Thanwi.jpg
Personal Details
Born (1863-08-19)19 August 1863
Died 4 July 1943(1943-07-04) (aged 79)
Resting place Thana Bhawan
Nationality Indian (British subject)
Ethnicity Indian
Era Modern era
Occupation Islamic scholar
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Sunni islam
Movement Deobandi
Main interest(s) fiqh, sunni islam
Notable idea(s) islamic fiqah
Alma mater Darul Uloom Deoband
Disciple of Haji Imdadullah

Ashraf 'Ali Thanwi (August 19, 1863 – July 4, 1943) (Urdu: اشرف علی تھانوی‎) was an Indian scholar of the Deobandi school.


Thanwi graduated from the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1884.[citation needed]


After his graduation, Thanwi taught religious sciences in Kanpur for fourteen years.[citation needed] Over a short period of time, he acquired a reputable position as a religious scholar of Sufism among other subjects.[1] His teaching attracted numerous students, and his research and publications became well known in Islamic institutions.[citation needed] During these years, he traveled to various cities and villages, delivering lectures in the hope of reforming people. Printed versions of his lectures and discourses would usually become available shortly after these tours. Until then, few Islamic scholars had had their lectures printed and widely circulated in their own lifetimes. The desire to reform the masses intensified in him during his stay at Kanpur.[citation needed]

Eventually, Thanwi retired from teaching and devoted himself to reestablishing the spiritual centre (khānqāh) of his shaikh in Thāna Bhāwan.[citation needed]

Fatwa of best parson and its refutation[edit]

In 1906 Ahmad Raza Khan issued a fatwa against Thanwi and other Deobandi leaders entitled Husam ul-Haramain (Urdu: Sword of Mecca and Medina‎), decrying them as unbelievers and Satanists. The fatwa was also signed by other scholars including from Hijaz.[2][3][4][5]

The scholars of Deoband wrote The Sword on the Disproved (Al-Muhannad ‘ala al-Mufannad) in reply, seeking to refute Reza Khan's allegations.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ali Abbasi, Shahid. (2008, January–March)[citation needed]. Rethinking in Islam: Mawlana Ashraf 'Ali Thanawi on Way and Way-faring. Hamdard Islamic-us, 21(1), 7–23. (Article on Ashraf 'Ali's teachings on Sufism.)
  2. ^ Fatwa of Kufr (originally issued 1900 C.E.), posted at
  3. ^ Ahmad Raza Khan. Hussam-ul-Harmain
  4. ^ Fatawa Hussam-ul-Hermayn by Khan,Ahmad Raza Qadri
  5. ^ As-samare-ul-Hindiya by Khan,Hashmat Ali
  6. ^ Madsen, Stig Toft; Nielsen, Kenneth Bo; Skoda, Uwe (2011-01-01). Trysts with Democracy: Political Practice in South Asia. Anthem Press. ISBN 9780857287731. 
  7. ^ Riaz, Ali (2008-01-01). Faithful Education: Madrassahs in South Asia. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813543451. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]