Ashraf Fayadh

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Ashraf Fayadh (Arabic: أشرف فياض‎, born 1980 in Saudi Arabia) is an artist and poet[1] of Palestinian origin. He is the son of refugees from Khan Yunis in the Gaza Strip and lives in Saudi Arabia. He was active in the British-Arabian arts organization, Edge of Arabia,[2] and organized exhibitions of Saudi art in Europe and Saudi Arabia. In November 2015, he was sentenced to death by beheading for apostasy.[3][4] The Saudi court overturned the death sentence three months later, imposing an eight-year prison term with 800 lashes.

Conviction for apostasy[edit]

Worldwide Reading for Ashraf Fayadh on January 14, 2016

After an argument at a café, Fayadh was detained by religious police in Abha, released on bail, then rearrested and tried in early 2014.[5] He was sentenced to four years in prison and 800 lashes.[5] A Saudi appeals court returned the case to the lower court where a new judge was assigned to the case.[citation needed] On November 17, 2015, Fayadh was sentenced to death by beheading for apostasy.[4] Evidence included several poems within his 2008 book Instructions Within, Twitter posts, and conversations Fayadh had in an Abha coffee shop, in which he was accused of having promoted atheism.[6][7][8]

In December 2015, Fayadh became Honorary Member of German PEN, combined with a new protest note.[9] In November 2015, the Berlin International Literature Festival published an appeal to support Ashraf Fayadh with a Worldwide Reading on January 14, 2016.[10] Adam Coogle, a Middle East researcher for Human Rights Watch, said Fayadh’s death sentence showed Saudi Arabia’s "complete intolerance of anyone who may not share government-mandated religious, political and social views."[2][8]

Following the international outcry, Fayadh's death sentence was commuted to eight years in prison and 800 lashes.[4] Fayadh was also required to repent through an announcement in official media.[11]

In January 2017, Fayadh shared the Oxfam Novib/PEN Award for Freedom of Expression with Malini Subramaniam.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stoughton, India (28 March 2014). "Putting contemporary Saudi art in context". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b Batty, David (20 November 2015). "Saudi court sentences poet to death for renouncing Islam". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  3. ^ Hubbard, Ben (22 November 2015). "Saudi Artist's Death Sentence Follows a String of Harsh Punishments". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Fahim, Kareem (10 January 2018). "As Saudi Arabia relaxes its controls on culture and entertainment, artists dream — and worry". Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-30. Retrieved 2019-04-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Poet's Death Sentence Reduced to Jail Time, Flogging". PEN Center USA. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  7. ^ McDowall, Angus (20 November 2015). "Saudi Arabian court sentences Palestinian poet Ashraf Fayadh to death for apostasy". The Independent. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  8. ^ a b McDowall, Angus; Evans, Dominic (20 November 2015). "Saudi court sentences Palestinian poet to death for apostasy: HRW". Riyadh. Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 November 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  9. ^ "PEN verurteilt Todesstrafe gegen Dichter und PEN-Ehrenmitglied Ashraf Fayadh in Saudi-Arabien" [PEN condemns death sentence against poet and PEN honorary member Ashraf Fayadh in Saudi Arabia] (in German). 2 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Worldwide Reading of selected poems and other texts in support of Ashraf Fayadh". Worldwide Reading. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  11. ^ Batty, David; Mahmood, Mona (2 February 2016). "Palestinian poet Ashraf Fayadh's death sentence quashed by Saudi court". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Ashraf Fayadh and Malini Subramaniam win the 2017 Oxfam Novib/PEN Awards for Freedom of Expression". PEN International. 20 January 2017. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.

External links[edit]