Ashraf Jahangir Semnani

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Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
Syed makhdoom ashraf jahangir.JPG
Title
  • Jahangir
  • Ghousul Alam
  • Mehboobe-Yazdani
  • Qudwatul Kubra
  • Sultan
  • Ashraf Jahangir
  • Makhdoom-e-Simnani
Other namesHazrat Syed Makhdoom Ashraf
Personal
Born1285 (AH 709)
Semnan (in modern Iran)
Died1386 (AH 28 Muharram 808H )
Kichhauchha, India
ReligionIslam
Other namesHazrat Syed Makhdoom Ashraf
Senior posting
Based inKichaucha, Northern India
Period in officeLate 12th century and early 13th century
PredecessorAlaul Haq Pandavi
SuccessorAbdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain

Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (Urdu: سئد مقدم ﺁشرف‎‎; 1285–1386 CE[1]) [2][3][4] Sultan Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jihangir Semnani was a sufi saint born in the year 1285 A.D in Semnan, Iran.

His father Sultan Ibrahim Noorbakshi was the king of Semnan.[5] He traced his lineage to Muhammad through his grandson Imam Hussain. His mother Bibi Khadija was a descendent of the Turkish Sufi saint Khwaja Ahmed Yasawi.[6]

Early Life[edit]

After the demise of his father he was made the king at the age of 17.He was always inclined towards sufism and always kept company of the sufis of his time most notably Ruknuddin Ala ul Daula Semnani.[7]

At the age of 23 he abdicated his throne to his brother Sultan Sayyid Muhammad also sought permission from his mother and set on his journey to meet his master Ala ul Haq Pandwi in Bengal.[8][9]

Travels[edit]

He travelled in South India to Gulbarga and then to Sarandib and he also visited Mecca and Madinah.[7]

Meeting with other Sufis[edit]

While on his travels he met Makhdoom Jahaniyan Jahan Gasht, Mir Syed Ali Hamdani, Bande Nawaz, Khwaja Bahuddin Naqshband, and Sultan Walad (Jalaluddin Rumi’s Son)[7]

Shrine and Urs[edit]

His shrine is located in Kichauccha Sharif, district Ambedkar Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India. His urs (demise anniversary) is commemorated on 28th of the Islamic month Muharram.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hanif, N. (2000). Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: South Asia. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 9788176250870.
  2. ^ Hayate Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (1975), Second Edition (2017) ISBN 978-93-85295-54-6 Syed Waheed Ashraf (2017), HAYATE MAKHDOOM SYED ASHRAF JAHANGIR SEMNANI (2nd Ed.), MAKTABA JAMIA LIMITED, SHAMSHAD MARKET, ALIGARH-202002, U.P. INDIA.
  3. ^ ‘'MUQADDEMA-E- LATĀIF-E-ASHRAFI' Book in PERSIAN, Published by Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  4. ^ Akhbarul Akhyar' By Abdal Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi [d.1052H-1642 CE ]. A short biography of the prominent sufis of India have been mentioned in this book including that of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
  5. ^ Ernst, C.; Lawrence, B. (2016-04-30). Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia and Beyond. Springer. ISBN 9781137095817.
  6. ^ Ernst, C.; Lawrence, B. (2016-04-30). Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia and Beyond. Springer. ISBN 9781137095817.
  7. ^ a b c Shaykh Abdul Rahman Chishti. Mir-at ul-Israr - Urdu translation (in Urdu).
  8. ^ Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Lahori. Khazinat-ul-Asfiya (Urdu translation) 4 volumes.
  9. ^ Shaykh Abdul Rahman Chishti. Mir-at ul-Israr - Urdu translation (in Urdu).

Further reading[edit]