Ashraf Jahangir Semnani

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Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
Syed makhdoom ashraf jahangir.JPG
Title
  • Jahangir
  • Ghousul Alam
  • Mehboobe-Yazdani
  • Qudwatul Kubra
  • Sultan
  • Ashraf Jahangir
  • Makhdoom-e-Simnani
Personal
Born
Mir Ahauddin Sayyid Ashraf

1285 CE 709 AH
Semnan (in modern Iran)
Died1386 (AH 28 Muharram 808H)
Kichhauchha, India
ReligionIslam
Muslim leader
Based inKichaucha, Northern India
Period in officeLate 12th century to 13th century
PredecessorAlaul Haq Pandavi
SuccessorAbdur-Razzaq Nurul-Ain

Sultan Sayyid Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani[1] (Urdu: سلطان سید مخدوم اشرف جہانگیر سمنانی‎; (1285–1386) [2][3][4][5] was an Iranian Sufi saint from Semnan, Iran. He was the founder of the Ashrafi Sufi order.[6]

His father Sultan Ibrahim Noorbaksh was the local ruler of Semnan.[7] Semnani was claimed to be the descendant of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, through his grandson Husayn ibn Ali. His mother Bibi Khadija was said to be a descendant of the Turkic Sufi saint Khwaja Ahmed Yasawi.[7]

Lineage[edit]

Semnani was said to be a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah from the lineage of her son, Husayn ibn Ali.[8]

Spiritual Lineage[edit]

Semnani spiritual lineage of Chishti Order[9][unreliable source?]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Fatima bint Muhammad and Ali ibn Abi Talib
  3. Hasan al-Basri
  4. Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid
  5. Fudhail Bin Iyadh
  6. Ibrahim Bin Adham
  7. Huzaifah Al-Mar'ashi Basra[10]
  8. Abu Hubayra al-Basri
  9. Khwaja Mumshad Uluw Al Dīnawarī Dinawar[11]
  10. Abu Ishaq Shamī ( Chishti Name start)
  11. Abu Aḥmad Abdal Chishti[12]
  12. Abu Muḥammad Chishti[13]
  13. Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan
  14. Maudood Chishti
  15. Shareef Zandani
  16. Usman Harooni
  17. Muinuddin Chishti
  18. Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
  19. Fariduddin Ganjshakar
  20. Nizamuddin Auliya
  21. Akhi Siraj
  22. Alaul Haq Pandavi
  23. Ashraf Jahangir Semnani

Early life[edit]

After the demise of his father, Semnani then aged 17, became the ruler of Semnan. He was said to be inclined towards mysticism. Always in the company of the Sufis, most notable among them being Ruknuddin Ala ul Daula Semnani.[14]

At the age of 23, Semnani abdicated his throne in favor of his brother Sultan Sayyid Muhammad. Thereafter, Semnani migrated to Bengal in order to meet the famous Sufi master Ala ul Haq Pandvi.[15][14]

Travels[edit]

After performing the obligatory pilgrimage to the Islamic Holy sites in Mecca and Medina, Semnani traveled to Gulbarga and Sarandib in South India.[14]

Meeting with other Sufis[edit]

Semnani is said to have met with various known Sufis of his time that being Mir Sayyid Ali Hamdani, Hafez Shirazi, Bande Nawaz and Sultan Walad the son of the famous Sufi poet, Rumi[14]

Shrine and Urs[edit]

Semnani's shrine is located in Kichhauchha, Uttar Pradesh. His Urs is commemorated every year on the 28 Muharram of the Islamic calendar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "सैय्यद मखदूम अशरफ: बादश्‍ााहत ठुकराने वाले महान सूफी संत!" (in Hindi).
  2. ^ Hanif, N. (2000). Biographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: South Asia. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 9788176250870.
  3. ^ Hayate Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (1975), Second Edition (2017) ISBN 978-93-85295-54-6 Syed Waheed Ashraf (2017), HAYATE MAKHDOOM SYED ASHRAF JAHANGIR SEMNANI (2nd Ed.), MAKTABA JAMIA LIMITED, SHAMSHAD MARKET, ALIGARH-202002, U.P. INDIA, OL 26384309MCS1 maint: location (link).
  4. ^ ‘'MUQADDEMA-E- LATĀIF-E-ASHRAFI' Book in PERSIAN, Published by Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  5. ^ Akhbarul Akhyar' By Abdal Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi [d.1052H-1642]. A short biography of the prominent sufis of India have been mentioned in this book including that of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
  6. ^ Life and Times of Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (RAH) by Dr. Syed Nurusyyidyn Madani Ashraf Ashraf, Syed; Madani, Nurusyyidyn (3 September 2019). Life and Times of Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (RAH). Amazon. ASIN B07XBYV1V8.}}
  7. ^ a b Ernst, C.; Lawrence, B. (30 April 2016). Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia and Beyond. Springer. ISBN 9781137095817.
  8. ^ Aala Hazrat Ashrafi Miyan (2015). Sahaife Ashrafi.
  9. ^ "The Mashaikh of Chisht by Shaykh Muhammad Zakariya Kandhlawi | Medina | Abrahamic Religions".
  10. ^ "Hadhrat Khuwajah Huzaifah al – Mar'ashi (Ra) Chishtiya Sufi Order". 27 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Khwaja Mumshad Uluw Al-Dinawari – Chishtiya Ribbat".
  12. ^ "Khwaja Abu Ahmad Abdal Al-Chishti – Chishtiya Ribbat".
  13. ^ "Khwaja Abu Mohammed Al-Chishti r.a – Chishtiya Ribbat".
  14. ^ a b c d Shaykh Abdul Rahman Chishti. Mir-at ul-Israr - Urdu translation (in Urdu).
  15. ^ Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Lahori. Khazinat-ul-Asfiya (Urdu translation) 4 volumes.

Further reading[edit]

  • Syed Waheed Ashraf (2010), Lataife Ashrafi & Maktubaate Ashrafi As Sources of Indian Medieval History (Lataife Ashrafi & Maktubvate Ashrafi As Sources of Indian Medieval History ed.), Baroda, Gujarat, India: Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Academy, Baroda, OL 25423260M