Ashtabula River

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Ashtabula River
Ashtabularivermap.png
Country United States of America
Basin features
Main source Confluence of east and west branches in Monroe Township, Ashtabula County
850 feet (260 m)[1]
41°48′51″N 80°36′57″W / 41.81417°N 80.61583°W / 41.81417; -80.61583[2]
River mouth Lake Erie at Ashtabula, Ohio
571 feet (174 m)[2]
41°54′36″N 80°47′55″W / 41.91000°N 80.79861°W / 41.91000; -80.79861Coordinates: 41°54′36″N 80°47′55″W / 41.91000°N 80.79861°W / 41.91000; -80.79861[2]
Basin size 137 square miles (350 km2)[3]
Physical characteristics
Length 40 miles (64 km)[citation needed]

The Ashtabula River[4] is a river located northeast of Cleveland in Ohio. The river flows into Lake Erie at the city of Ashtabula, Ohio. It is 40 miles (64 km) in length and drains 137 square miles (350 km2).[citation needed]

Name[edit]

Ashtabula derives from Lenape language ashte-pihële, 'always enough (fish) to go around, to be given away',[5] a contraction from apchi 'always'[6] + tepi 'enough' + hële (verb of motion).[7][8][9]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Ashtabula River has also been known as:[2]

  • Ashtibula River
  • Riviere Auscubalu
  • Riviere Oscubolu

Watershed[edit]

On October 30, 2008 the river was designated a State Scenic River by the Director of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.[citation needed]

Pollution[edit]

In 1985 the first two miles of the river was named an Area of Concern by the International Joint Commission, primarily because of Fields Brook, a tributary that had received discharges from 19 industries between the 1940s and 1970s.[citation needed] The cleanup was deemed complete in 2014.[10]

Tributaries[edit]

  • Fields Brook
  • Strong Brook
  • Hubbard Run
  • Ashtabula Creek
  • West Branch Ashtabula River
  • East Branch Ashtabula River

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Geological Survey. Pierpont quadrangle, Ohio. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1994.
  2. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ashtabula River
  3. ^ "Map of Ohio watersheds". 
  4. ^ United States Geological Survey Hydrological Unit Code: 04-11-00-03-050
  5. ^ Mahr, August C. (November 1959). "Practical Reasons for Algonkian Indian Stream and Place Names". Ohio Journal of Science. 59 (6): 365–375. ISSN 0030-0950. Retrieved 2016-08-03. 
  6. ^ "apchi". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  7. ^ "tèpihële". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  8. ^ "History Page - City of Ashtabula". 
  9. ^ Rose, William Ganson (1950). Cleveland: The Making of a City. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. p. 1065. ISBN 0873384288. 
  10. ^ Sheil, Bill (2014-09-07). "It's Official: Ashtabula River Is Clean After 25-year Project". WJW-TV. Retrieved 2014-09-08.