Ashteroth Karnaim

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Ashteroth Karnaim (Hebrew: עַשְׁתְּרֹת קַרְנַיִם‎‎) was a city in the land of Bashan east of the Jordan River that was mentioned in Genesis 14:5 and Joshua 12:4 (where it is rendered simply as "Ashtaroth"). The name translates literally to "Astarte of the Horns"; Astarte was a fertility goddess in ancient Canaanite religion, and "horns" were symbolic of mountain peaks.

Ashteroth Karnaim is possibly the same as the location "Carnaim" in 1 Maccabees and "Carnion" in 2 Maccabees.

Al-Shaykh Saad is widely seen as the site of Ashteroth Karnaim. Al Churak is a modern site proposed by Astori, being eight miles northeast of ancient ruins known as 'Draä'. Muzayrib is an ancient fortress town in this area that is supported by other archaeologists as being the ancient site of Ashteroth-Karnaim.