The Thames entering the village boundaries
Buildings and the Thames along the main road through the village (High Road)
Ashton Keynes shown within Wiltshire
|Population||1,400 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Wiltshire|
Ashton Keynes is a village and civil parish in north Wiltshire, England which borders with Gloucestershire. The village is about 5 miles (8 km) south of Cirencester and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) west of Cricklade. At the 2011 census the population of the parish was 1,400. The village lies within the Cotswold Water Park and is the only settlement substantially on both sides of the River Thames, which has many channels here, centred 6.5 miles (10 km) from its source at Thames Head.
The parish includes the hamlet of North End.
The village was known as Aesctun in 800 AD, appeared in the Domesday book within Cricklade hundred as Essitone in 1086, and changed its name ten times in the next 800 years until its present name was recorded.
A large Romano-British settlement was on the edge of the present-day village; it was excavated in the late 1980s in advance of extensive gravel extraction. Ashton Keynes Castle (or Hall's Close) was a 12th-century ringwork, just north of the village.
In 1851 in the 35 homes in Gosditch were living a tailor, saddler, tallow chandler, stonemason, many glove makers and a cobbler. The Horse and Jockey (now closed) was a "scrumpy house", selling cider made from the apples from the orchards in the village. This was the social centre of the community where dominoes were laid and gossip exchanged, and the hard times debated.
Ashton Keynes is twinned with the French village of Grandchamps-des-Fontaines. There is a Twinning Association in the village, which organises regular exchange trips and other activities between the village communities.
The village has many clubs and societies, most centred on the village hall or with links to the village church. Sports clubs include the cricket, tennis, badminton and football clubs. Musical groups include two choirs, an orchestra and a jazz band. There is also a Women's Institute and a Golden Years Club.
Residents in the village have taken on two businesses (both on the High Road) as community businesses when they faced closure. The one remaining pub, the White Hart Inn, is collectively owned and run by several village residents who took on the licence in 2011. In 2012, the White Hart Inn was awarded 'Best Community Pub' for the South West region in the Great British Pub Awards. The local village shop has also been community owned and run since December 2011, located in a newly built annexe of the village hall.
"Sweet Thames run softly, til I end my song" – this is perhaps here more appropriately a command than creating a romantic setting – Ashton Keynes has always suffered from periodic flooding, and the Thames that flows along beside High Road and crosses under Gosditch by the little bridge was prone to washing down to the School and beyond on its near banks.
Villagers expected to be flooded every winter although the water could be controlled and directed to some extent by opening and closing 'hatches' on the river. People talked of keeping their back door and front door open so the water flowed straight through, and of a foot of water standing indoors for weeks. As late as 1924 there were 23 children absent from school in June when flooding in the Derry just south of the Horse and Jockey public house left them marooned in their bedrooms after a night of storms.
Ditches all round the village helped to channel the water, but as these were also used as a place to tip household rubbish and many privies were emptied into them, particularly after the demise of the night soil industry, there was regularly a serious public health problem from rats and water contamination in Gosditch.
The Cotswold Community, a 250 acres (100 ha) site west of Ashton Keynes towards Somerford Keynes, was a Bruderhof religious community in the 1930s. Later it was the site of the Cotswold School, a therapeutic community for children from complex backgrounds, operated by the National Children's Home charity which became Action for Children. The school closed in 2012 and the charity left the site in 2013, leading to a proposal for housing development.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Ashton House, river wall and bridge (1023069)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of the Holy Cross, Ashton Keynes (1023045)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Bethesda Congregational Chapel, Ashton Keynes". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Primitive Methodist Chapel, Ashton Keynes". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Ashton Keynes Church of England Primary School". Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Ashton Keynes Church of England Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Village Shop". Ashton Keynes Village Website. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Edmund Spenser op.LIII (53) Prothalamion, 1596, the concluding line of Spenser's stanzas repeated 10 times
:(a much-lauded and widely distributed Elizabethan nuptial poem)
- Historic England. "Ashtonfields community hall and chapel, Cotswolds Community (1182316)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- "Annual report and accounts 2012/13" (PDF). Action for Children. 18 July 2013. p. 35. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Archer, Megan (1 August 2013). "Plans for a new village for the Wiltshire and Gloucestershire border near Ashton Keynes and Someford Keynes". Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard. Newsquest Media. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
Media related to Ashton Keynes at Wikimedia Commons
- "Ashton Keynes". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- Village community website
- Ashton Keynes Parish Council
- Ashton Keynes Village Hall
- Ashton [Keynes] in the Domesday Book