Ashur-dan III

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Ashur-dan III
King of Assyria
King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
Reign773–755 BC
PredecessorShalmaneser IV
SuccessorAshur-nirari V
Died755 BC
FatherAdad-nirari III

Ashur-dan III was King of Assyria from 772 to 755 BC.[1]

Ashur-dan III was the son of Adad-nirari III, and succeeded his brother Shalmaneser IV in 773 BC. Ashur-dan's reign was a difficult age for the Assyrian monarchy.[2][3] The rulership was severely limited by the influence of court dignitaries, particularly that of Shamshi-ilu, who was the commander-in-chief of the army (turtanu) at that time. According to the eponym canon, in 765 BC, Assyria was hit by a plague, and in the following year, the king could not campaign (it was customary for the Assyrian king to lead a military expedition every year). In 763 BC, a revolt broke out, which lasted until 759 BC, when another plague struck the land.[4][5]

His reign and the reigns of preceding Assyrian kings have been astronomically dated based on the only verifiable reference to a solar eclipse in Assyrian chronicles, the eclipse of Bur Sagale.[6]

Ashur-dan was succeeded by another brother, Ashur-nirari V.

Preceded by
Shalmaneser IV
King of Assyria
772–755 BC
Succeeded by
Ashur-nirari V

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Boardman, John (1982). The Cambridge Ancient History Vol. III Part I: The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC. Cambridge University Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-0521224963. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  2. ^ Rowton, M.B. (1970). The Cambridge Ancient History. 1.1. Cambridge University Press. pp. 202–204. ISBN 0521070511.
  3. ^ Ashur-Dan III Archived 2019-02-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Budge, Annals Of The Kings Of Assyria (Routledge, 2013) p154.
  5. ^ E. A. Wallis Budge, Annals Of The Kings Of Assyria: The Cuneiform Texts With Translations, Transliterations From The Original Documents (Routledge, 30 Apr. 2007) p94.
  6. ^ Rawlinson, Henry Creswicke, "The Assyrian Canon Verified by the Record of a Solar Eclipse, B.C. 763", The Athenaeum: Journal of Literature, Science and the Fine Arts, nr. 2064, 660-661 [18 May 1867].