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19th-century Russian map of Ashūradeh Island
Ashuradeh Island at the LandSat-5 satellite image (01-Apr-1995, Caspain Sea waters high level)
Iranian Muslim Turkmen from Ashuradeh

Ashūradeh (Persian: آشوراده‎), or Ashur Ada, is the only island of the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea (Gorgan Bay). Ashuradeh's surface is 800 hectares (2,000 acres). It is located on the eastern end of the Miankaleh peninsula in the county of Behshahr of Māzandarān Province of Iran, 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) from Bandar Torkaman and 23 kilometers (14 mi) from Gorgan.[1]

The island can be reached via Bandar Torkaman. Over 40% of Iran's caviar is produced near Ashūradeh Island.[2]


Ashuradeh was inhabited by 300 families, but the village is now deserted. The island was occupied by Russian forces in 1837, despite protests from Persia.[3] Following the occupation, the Russian Army maintained a military post on the island for a few decades.[4]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  2. ^ Caviar in Iran[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Russian occupation
  4. ^ Colonel Stebnitzky's Report on His Journey in 1872

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°50′N 53°51′E / 36.833°N 53.850°E / 36.833; 53.850