- Main article: Ancient Mesopotamian religion
All the other gods were seen as aspects of the chief god Ashur who was the totality of the gods. According to Morris Jastrow, Ashur derives from the Sumerian god AN.SHAR. AN meaning "heaven" and SHAR literally meaning "whole". Ashur was often depicted as chief of the gods, accredited with ultimate devotion. Ashur is symbolized as a deity in a winged and emanating sun disk.
Parallels in other religions
In Zoroastrianism Ashur is equated with Ahura Mazda. The Ashurites greatly influenced the art in the Achaemenid Empire and both Ahura Mazda and Ashur were equated with almost exact iconography. The application of cuneiform in the Behistun Inscription further supports the link between Ashur and Ahura Mazda. Furthermore it is believed, among historians and scholars, that the name "Ahura Mazda" is derived from the cuneiform "Assara Mazaš". Professor Hommel, supported by Professor Oldenburg, claimed "that this god (Assara Mazaš) is no other than the Iranian Ahura Mazda".
Similarities in iconography
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