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Ashwin or Ashvin or Ashwan (//; Nepali: आश्विन , असोज, Bengali: আশ্বিন; Hindi: अश्विन; Malay/Indonesian: Aswin; Thai: Asawin), also known as Aswayuja, is the seventh month of the lunisolar Hindu calendar, the Vikram Samvat, which is the official solar calendar of modern-day Nepal and India. It is the sixth month in the solar Bengali calendar and seventh in the lunar Indian national calendar of the Deccan Plateau. It falls in the season of Shôrot, (Hindi Sharad) or Autumn. In Vedic Jyotish, Ashwin begins with the Sun's enter in Virgo.
It overlaps September and October of the Gregorian calendar and is the month preceding Diwali or Tihar the festival of lights. In lunar religious calendars, Ashwin begins on the new moon after the autumn equinox.
Ashvini is the first star that appears in the evening sky. In the Indian astrology it is the head of Aries, or the first of the 27 Nakshatra. Ashvin also stands for the divine twins, the Ashvins, the gods of vision, Ayurvedic medicine, the glow of sunrise and sunset, and averting misfortune and sickness in Hindu mythology. Asawin is the Thai variant of Ashvin and stands for the warrior. The term is often translated into English as "knight".
Several major religious holidays take place in Ashvin. Those are as follows:
- Navaratri (1-9 Ashvin)
- Durga Puja (6-10 Ashvin)
- Kojagiri Pornima (15 Ashvin)
- Vijayadashami or Dussehra (10 Ashvin)
- Divali festival including Dhanteras (28 Ashvin), Naraka Chaturdasi (29 Ashvin) and Lakshmi Puja (Last day of Ashvin)
- Kali Puja (new moon of Ashvin), which are held as per the lunar calendar, usually fall in this month.
Ashwin is known as aipasi (ஐப்பசி) in Tamil and begins when the sun enters Libra in October.
It's also called kunwaar (कुॅंवार) month in eastern Uttar Pradesh & some parts of Bihar state.
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