Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM)

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Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM)
Members of ASEM in blue
Members of ASEM in blue
Establishment 1996
Asia–Europe Meeting in 2010, Brussels

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) was officially established in 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand, as an exclusively Asian-European forum to enhance relations and various forms of co-operation between the then 12 members of the European Union (EU) and its Commission, the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the individual countries of China, Japan, and South Korea.[1] A series of enlargements saw additional EU members join as well as India, Mongolia, Pakistan, and the ASEAN Secretariat in 2008,[citation needed] Australia, New Zealand and the Russian Federation in 2010,[2] Bangladesh, Norway, and Switzerland in 2012,[3] and Kazakhstan in 2014.[citation needed]

The main components of the ASEM process rest on the following 3 so-called pillars:

  • Political Pillar
  • Economical Pillar
  • Social, Cultural and Educational Pillar

In general, the process is considered by the parties involved to be a way of deepening the relations between Asia and Europe at all levels, which is deemed necessary to achieve a more balanced political and economic world order. The process is enhanced by the biennial meetings of Heads of State and Government, alternately in Europe and Asia, and biennial meetings of Foreign Ministers as well as political, economic, and socio-cultural meetings and events at various levels.


ASEM currently has 53 partners: 51 countries and 2 international organisations. The countries are Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, the Lao PDR, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom and Viet Nam, while the European Union and the ASEAN Secretariat are the international organisations involved.


ASEM Summits[edit]

The biennial Summits, attended by the Heads of State and Government of the respective members, have been held in:

Ministerial Meetings[edit]

Aside from Summits, regular Ministerial Meetings are held on foreign affairs, financial, cultural, educational, economic, environmental, labor and employment, or transport issues, attended by the relevant ministers:

ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meetings[edit]

ASEM Finance Ministers’ Meetings[edit]

ASEM Cultural Ministers' Meetings[edit]

ASEM Education Ministers' Meetings[edit]

ASEM Economic Ministers' Meetings[edit]

ASEM Environment Ministers' Meetings[edit]

ASEM Labour & Employment Ministers’ Conferences[edit]

ASEM Transport Ministers' Meetings[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lay Hwee Yeo (2003). Asia and Europe: the development and different dimensions of ASEM. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-30697-3. 
  2. ^ ASEM ministers wrap up ‘productive’ session
  3. ^ ASEF's Expansion

External links[edit]