Asia-Pacific

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Map showing Asia-Pacific in the world. Dark green indicates core Asia-Pacific countries; light green indicates regions that may be included.

Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (APAC), is the part of the world in or near the western Pacific Ocean. Asia-Pacific varies in area depending on context, but it generally includes East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Oceania.

The term may also include parts of Russia (Far Eastern Federal District) and countries in the Americas which are on the coast of the eastern Pacific Ocean. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), for example, includes Canada, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Russia and the United States. Alternatively, the term sometimes comprises all of Asia (except the Middle East) and Australasia as well as the Pacific island nations (Indo-Pacific and the Australian continent) — for example, when dividing the world into three large regions for commercial purposes: the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) and Asia-Pacific.[1] Western Asia is almost never included.[2][3]

On the whole, there is no clear-cut definition of "Asia-Pacific", and the regions included change depending on the context. The term has become popular since the late 1980s in commerce, finance and politics. Despite the heterogeneity of the regions' economies, most individual nations within the zone are emerging markets experiencing rapid growth and burgeoning economic prosperity. (Compare the concept/acronym APEJ or APeJ—Asia-Pacific excluding Japan.)[4]

Component areas[edit]

The Asia-Pacific (APAC) region[5] generally includes:

Asia[edit]

East Asia[edit]

North Asia[edit]

South Asia[edit]

Southeast Asia[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australasia[edit]

Melanesia[edit]

Micronesia[edit]

Polynesia[edit]

List of countries and territories[edit]

Country / Territory Area
(km2)
Population Pop. density
(/km2)
GDP
millions of USD (2018)
GDP per capita
USD (2017)[6]
Capital
 Afghanistan 652,230 38,042,000 58.3 19,900 577 Kabul
 American Samoa 199 55,689 259 711 11,398.8 Pago Pago
 Australia 7,692,024 25,553,000 2.8 1,500,000 59,655 Canberra
 Bangladesh 147,570 156,594,962 1,033.5 287,630 1,359 Dhaka
 Bhutan 38,394 742,737 18.0 6,384 2,804 Thimphu
 Brunei Darussalam 5,765 415,717 67.3 17,426 26,939 Bandar Seri Begawan
 Cambodia 181,035 15,205,539 81.8 16,899 1,270 Phnom Penh
 China 9,596,961 1,357,380,000 145 10,355,350 8,123 Beijing
 Christmas Island 135 1,843 10.39 Flying Fish Cove
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 14 544 43 West Island
 Cook Islands 236.7 17,379 42 311 15,002.5 Avarua
 Federated States of Micronesia 702 104,937 158.1 383 3,058.4 Palikir
 Fiji 18,274 909,389 46.4 8,330 5,153 Suva
 French Polynesia 4,167 275,918 78 5,623 20,098 Papeete
 Guam 540 162,742 775 5,793 35,664.5 Hagåtña
 Hong Kong 1,104 7,234,800 6,544 292,677 43,681 Hong Kong
 India 3,287,263 1,324,171,354 398.8 2,716,746 1,939 New Delhi
 Indonesia 1,904,569 252,164,800 124.66 856,066 3,570 Jakarta
 Japan 377,944 126,434,964 337 4,769,804 38,894 Tokyo
 Kiribati 811 110,136 152 187 1,625.3 Tarawa
 Laos 236,800 6,320,000 27 11,707 2,353 Vientiane
 Macau 29 541,200 18,662 36,428 73,187 Macau
 Malaysia 329,847 30,185,787 90 336,913 9,503 Kuala Lumpur
 Maldives 298 341,356 1,102.5 4,920 8,602 Malé
 Marshall Islands 181.43 53,066 293 220 3,621.2 Majuro
 Mongolia 1,564,116 2,736,800 2 11,725 3,686 Ulaanbaatar
 Myanmar 676,578 50,496,000 74 65,291 1,275 Naypyidaw
 Nauru 21 11,200 480 114 9,030.1 Yaren
   Nepal 147,181 26,494,504 180 62,384 730 Kathmandu
 New Caledonia 18,576 278,500 14.5 9,894 12,579.6 Nouméa
 New Zealand 268,021 4,357,437 16 201,028 39,427 Wellington
 Niue 261.46 1,624 5.35 10 5,800 Alofi
 Norfolk Island 34.6 1,748 61.9 Kingston
 North Korea 120,540 24,895,000 198 27,820 583 Pyongyang
 Northern Mariana Islands 464 55,144 113 1,242 28,163.8 Saipan
 Pakistan 803,940 226,174,380 234.4 312,570 1,468 Islamabad
 Palau 459 21,503 46.7 312 17,317.9 Ngerulmud
 Papua New Guinea 462,840 6,732,000 15 16,096 2,183 Port Moresby
 Philippines 343,448 108,991,000 307 289,686 2,951 Manila
 Pitcairn Islands 47 50 45 Adamstown
 Russia[7][8] 17,125,200 8,371,257 1.2 1,630,659 11,288.9 Moscow[9]
 Samoa 2,842 195,843 68 861 4,392.5 Apia
 Singapore 710 5,183,700 7,023 307,085 52,961 Singapore
 Solomon Islands 28,400 599,419 18.1 1,424 2,162.7 Honiara
 South Korea 100,210 51,302,044 500 1,699,000 27,539 Seoul
 Sri Lanka 65,610 20,277,597 323 233,637 3,835 Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
 Taiwan 36,191 23,119,772 639 505,452 31,900 Taipei
 Thailand 513,120 67,764,000 132 380,491 5,908 Bangkok
 Timor-Leste 14,874 1,171,000 76 4,510 1,162 Dili
 Tokelau 10 1,499 115 10 6,275 None
 Tonga 748 100,651 139 470 4,364 Nukuʻalofa
 Tuvalu 26 11,192 475.88 45 3,700.7 Funafuti
 Vanuatu 12,189 272,459 19.7 957 3,033.4 Port Vila
 Vietnam 331,210 88,069,000 265 187,848 2,186 Hanoi
 Wallis and Futuna 142.42 11,558 83.55 188 12,640 Mata Utu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Geographically a part of Southeast Asia, but the United Nations geoscheme includes it as a part of Australia and New Zealand.
  2. ^ Excluding  Navassa Island and  Wake Island. Geographically a part of Polynesia, but the United Nations geoscheme includes it as a part of Micronesia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Member Economies - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Archived 2018-07-09 at the Wayback Machine. Apec.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  2. ^ "Semiconductor Foundry Market - Growth, Trends and Forecast (2019 - 2024)". Mordor Intelligence'. 2019-06-20. Archived from the original on 2019-12-20. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  3. ^ "Semiconductor Foundry Market: 2019 Global Industry Trends, Growth, Share, Size and 2021 Forecast Research Report". MarketWatch. 2019-11-28. Archived from the original on 2019-12-20. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  4. ^ See for example Pan, Hui, ed. (October 2004). "Vonage and Cisco to sell phone equipment". VoIP Monthly Newsletter. Information Gatekeepers Inc. 2 (10): 3. Archived from the original on 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15. APEJ (Asia-Pacific Excluding Japan) and EEMEA (Eastern Europe, Middle East, and Africa) will grow their combined share of this figure from 17 percent to 22 percent during the same period, as North America's share adjusts from 53 percent to 46 percent.
  5. ^ UNSD Methodology – Standard country or area codes for statistical use (M49)
  6. ^ "GDP per capita (current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Archived from the original on 2019-09-21. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  7. ^ Russia is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, but is considered European historically, culturally, ethnically, and politically, and the vast majority of its population (78%) lives within its European part.
  8. ^ Only the Far Eastern Federal District.
  9. ^ Moscow is located in Europe.