Asia Argento

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Asia Argento
Asia Argento Cannes 2018.jpg
Aria Maria Vittoria Rossa Argento

(1975-09-20) 20 September 1975 (age 47)
Rome, Italy
Other namesAria Argento
  • Actress
  • director
  • writer
  • activist
Years active1984–present
(m. 2008; div. 2013)

Asia Argento (Italian: [ˈaːzja arˈdʒɛnto];[1] born Aria Maria Vittoria Rossa Argento; 20 September 1975) is an Italian actress and filmmaker. The daughter of filmmaker Dario Argento, she has had roles in several of her father's features and achieved mainstream success with appearances in XXX (2002), Land of the Dead (2005) and Marie Antoinette (2006). Her other notable acting credits include Queen Margot (1994), Let's Not Keep in Touch (1994), Traveling Companion (1996), Last Days (2005) and Islands (2011). Argento is the recipient of several accolades, including two David di Donatello awards for Best Actress and three Italian Golden Globes.[2] Her directorial credits include The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things (2004) and Misunderstood (2014).

After the Weinstein scandal in 2017, she became a leader of the "#MeToo" movement.[3] In August 2018, The New York Times detailed allegations that Argento sexually assaulted actor Jimmy Bennett in 2013, when he was 17 and she was 37.[4]

Early life[edit]

Asia Argento and her father Dario at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival

Asia Argento was born Aria Maria Vittoria Rossa Argento in Rome on 20 September 1975. Her father is Dario Argento, an Italian filmmaker known for his work in the Italian giallo genre and for his influence on modern horror and slasher movies.[5] Her mother was actress Daria Nicolodi[6] and her maternal great-grandfather was composer Alfredo Casella.[7][8]

When Argento was born, the city registry office in Rome refused to acknowledge "Asia" as an appropriate name, and instead officially inscribed her name as "Aria" (a name accepted by the city registry).[9] She went by the name Asia, which she later used professionally.[9] She pronounces her name as "AH-she-ah", which friends sometimes abbreviate to sound like "Ozzie".[citation needed] Argento has said that as a child she was lonely and depressed, owing in part to her parents' work.[10] Her father used to read her his horror scripts as bedtime stories.[11] At age eight, Argento published a book of poems.[11] At the age of 14, she ran away from home.[10]

Argento has mentioned in interviews that she does not have a close relationship with her father.[12][13] She has mentioned that he was absent when she was a child, and has also mentioned that, because of this, she did not have a happy childhood.[14] Regarding her relationship with her father and her reason for acting, she has stated that:

I never acted out of ambition; I acted to gain my father's attention. It took a long time for him to notice me – I started when I was nine, and he only cast me when I was 16. And he only became my father when he was my director. I always thought it was sick to choose looking at yourself on a big screen as your job. There has to be something crooked in your mind to want to be loved by everybody. It's like being a prostitute, to share that intimacy with all those people.

In an interview with Filmmaker magazine, she stated that, at one time, "I was sick for a while; I was agoraphobic. I was afraid to go out of my apartment for a long time, I could only go out to work."[14]


Asia Argento began to act at the age of nine,[15] when she was cast in a small role in a film by Sergio Citti.[12] When she was 16, she starred in her father's film Trauma (1993).[14] She received the David di Donatello[16] (Italy's version of the Academy Award) for Best Actress in 1994 for her performance in Perdiamoci di vista, and again in 1996 for Compagna di viaggio, which also earned her a Grolla d'oro award. Argento subsequently began to appear in English-language movies, such as B. Monkey and New Rose Hotel (both 1998). Argento also performed in French-language roles, beginning with Charlotte de Sauve in La Reine Margot (1994).[14]

Around the same time, she made her first foray into directing with the short films Prospettive and A ritroso (both 1994) and a documentary about her father (in 1996) and Abel Ferrara (in 1998).[14] In 2000, Argento directed and wrote her first fiction feature film, Scarlet Diva (2000),[14] which her father co-produced.[14] In a review, Filmmaker magazine called the film "riotously funny" and dubbed Argento "a filmmaker with a great degree of promise".[14]

She achieved wider recognition when she portrayed Russian undercover spy Yelena in the Hollywood action film XXX (2002),[17] alongside Vin Diesel.[18] The film grossed $277.4 million and launched Argento to international fame. She directed her second feature film, The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things (2004), based on a book by JT LeRoy.[13]

In addition to her cinematic accomplishments, Argento has written a number of stories for magazines such as Dynamo and L'Espresso, while her first novel, titled I Love You Kirk, was published in Italy in 1999. She has modeled for the denim jeans brand Miss Sixty.[19] She became a fan of the band Hondo Maclean when they wrote a track named after her and liked the track so much that she sent them pictures which they used as the cover of their 2003 album Plans for a Better Day.[20]

She appeared in Placebo's music video for "This Picture", and appeared on Placebo frontman Brian Molko's cover version of "Je t'aime... moi non plus". Argento has also starred in Catherine Breillat's period drama The Last Mistress.[21][22] She dubbed the Italian version of the video game Mirror's Edge in the role of the runner Faith Connors, from 2008 to 2009.[23][24]

Argento has been part of the Legendary Tiger Man's project Femina, which was released on 14 September 2009. She is featured on the song "Life Ain't Enough for You", which was released as a single along with the B-side "My stomach is the most violent of all Italy", in which she also contributes vocals.[25]

In May 2013, Argento's debut album, entitled Total Entropy, was released by Nuun Music.[26]

In 2014, Argento played supporting role in the British film Shongram, a fictional romantic drama based around the factual and historical events of the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.[27][28]

Also in 2014, she directed her third feature film, titled Misunderstood (2014), was selected to compete in the Un Certain Regard section at that year's Cannes Film Festival.[29] That year, while promoting the film, Argento stated that she was not going to act anymore and that she had decided to concentrate on writing and directing.[30]


Year Title Role Notes
1986 Demons 2 Ingrid Haller
1988 Zoo Martina
1989 The Church Lotte
1989 Red Wood Pigeon Valentina
1992 Close Friends Simona
1993 Trauma Aura Petrescu
1993 Condannato a nozze Olivia a.k.a. Diary of a Man Condemned to Marriage
1994 Let's Not Keep in Touch Arianna
1994 Queen Margot Charlotte de Sauve
1994 DeGenerazione Lorna
1996 The Stendhal Syndrome Det. Anna Manni
1996 Traveling Companion Cora
1998 Viola Kisses Everybody Viola
1998 New Rose Hotel Sandii
1998 B. Monkey Beatrice/B. Monkey
1998 The Phantom of the Opera Christine Daaé
2000 Scarlet Diva Anna Battista Also writer and director
2001 Les Morsures de l'aube Violaine Charlier a.k.a. Love Bites
2002 The Red Siren Det. Anita Staro
2002 XXX Yelena
2004 The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things Sarah Also co-writer and director
2004 The Keeper Gina
2005 Last Days Asia
2005 Cindy: The Doll Is Mine Cindy Sherman / The Model Short film
2005 Land of the Dead Slack
2006 Live Freaky! Die Freaky! Habagail Folger (voice)
2006 Marie Antoinette Madame du Barry
2006 Transylvania Zingarina
2006 Friendly Fire Grand Dame Video
2007 Boarding Gate Sandra
2007 Go Go Tales Monroe
2007 The Last Mistress Vellini
2007 The Mother of Tears Sarah Mandy
2008 On War Uma
2009 Diamond 13 Calhoune
2011 Horses Madre
2011 Islands Martina
2011 Baciato dalla fortuna Betty
2011 Drifters Beatrice Plana
2012 Dracula 3D Lucy Kisslinger
2012 Do Not Disturb Monica
2012 Firmeza Asia Short film
2013 The Voice Thief Naya Short film
2013 Obsessive Rhythms Margo
2014 Shongram Sarah
2014 Misunderstood Director and writer
2017 Shadow Short film
2018 Alien Crystal Palace Sybille Atlante
2020 Agony Isidora
2021 Sans soleil Léa
2022 Dark Glasses Rita
2022 Padre Pio Tall Man


Year Title Role Notes
1985 Sogni e bisogni Gloria Episode: "Il ritorno di Guerriero"
2000 Les Misérables Éponine Thénardier TV miniseries
2004 Milady Sally La Chèvre TV film
2011 Sangue caldo Anna Rosi Episodes: "1.1", "1.2"
2014 Rodolfo Valentino – La leggenda Natacha Rambova Episode: "1.2"
2016 Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown Herself Season 10, Episode 8: "Southern Italy: The Heel of the Boot"
2016 Ballando con le stelle Contestant Series 11
2018 The X Factor Italy Judge series 12; auditions-judges' houses
2020 Pechino Express Contestant along with Vera Gemma Season 8

Video games[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2008–2009 Mirror's Edge Faith Connors Dubbed in the Italian version; Xbox 360/PlayStation 3/Microsoft Windows version


Asia published her autobiography, Anatomy of a wild heart, in 2021.[31]

Music videos[edit]


Album Released
Asia Argento (1 Disco Sux / 2 U Just Can't Stop the Rock / 3 Sad Core) 2008
Total Entropy 2013
Music From My Bed 2021

Personal life[edit]

Besides Italian, Argento speaks English and French, which she learned for her role in Les Morsures de L'Aube.[14]

In 2009, Argento signed a petition in support of film director Roman Polanski, calling for his release after Polanski was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.[32] In 2017, she expressed regret for signing the petition, calling it "a mistake,"[33] and stating later on that Polanski's continued career, "speaks terribly of the industry."[34]

Argento moved to Germany in 2017 after the experiences of victim blaming received in Italy following her allegations against Harvey Weinstein.[35][36]


Her first child was born in 2001.[37] Italian rock and roll musician Morgan (lead singer of Bluvertigo), is the father.[11] She named her daughter after her half-sister Anna Ceroli, who died in a motorcycle accident.

Argento married film director Michele Civetta on 27 August 2008, in Arezzo. Her second child was born in 2008 in Rome. The couple divorced in 2013.[10] She and her children live in the Vigna Clara neighborhood of Rome.[15]

Argento worked and became romantically involved with Anthony Bourdain in 2016 during the production of the Rome episode of Parts Unknown.[38][39][40] Bourdain became outspoken alongside Argento during her allegations against Harvey Weinstein, and the time after those events. Bourdain's relationship with Argento is noted as a contributing factor for his suicide in 2018.[41][42][43]

Sexual assault allegations by Argento[edit]

Argento alleged in an October 2017 New Yorker article by Ronan Farrow that she had been sexually assaulted by Harvey Weinstein in the 1990s. She would later have consensual albeit "one-sided" sexual relations with him. She confirmed that a scene in Scarlet Diva where her character is accosted by a movie executive was indeed a reference to Weinstein.[44] Later, Argento stated that the "article did a huge disservice to me and to my truth by simplifying all this", and accused Farrow of "misrepresenting" what happened to her.[45]

Argento delivered a speech on 20 May 2018, following the 2018 Cannes Film Festival, calling the festival Weinstein's "hunting ground", alleging that she was raped by Weinstein in Cannes when she was 21. She added, "And even tonight, sitting among you, there are those who still have to be held accountable for their conduct against women."[46]

On 24 January 2021, Argento alleged that director Rob Cohen drugged her with gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid and raped her during the filming of xXx. A representative of Cohen denied Argento's assault accusation as "absolutely false".[47]

Sexual assault allegation against Argento[edit]

On 19 August 2018, The New York Times published allegations that Argento sexually assaulted actor Jimmy Bennett.[4] Argento had first met Bennett when he played her son in the 2004 film The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things when Bennett was 7 years old.[4] The alleged assault occurred in 2013 when he was two months past his 17th birthday in a hotel room in California where the age of consent is 18; Argento was 37 at the time.[4] According to Bennett, in their encounter Argento gave him alcohol, performed oral sex on him and had sexual intercourse with him.[4] If true, the allegation meant that Argento could be charged with statutory rape, as Bennett was legally a minor under California law.[48]

Argento quietly arranged a $380,000 nondisclosure settlement with Bennett in the months following her revelations regarding Weinstein.[4] Bennett said when Argento came out against Weinstein, it stirred memories of his own experience in 2013. He imparted that he had sought to resolve the matter privately,[49] and had not spoken out sooner "because I was ashamed and afraid to be part of the public narrative."[50]

In a statement provided to the Times, he said: "I was underage when the event took place, and I tried to seek justice in a way that made sense to me at the time because I was not ready to deal with the ramifications of my story becoming public. At the time I believed there was still a stigma to being in the situation as a male in our society. I didn't think that people would understand the event that took place from the eyes of a teenage boy." Bennett said he would like to "move past this event in my life", adding, "today I choose to move forward, no longer in silence."[50]

Argento denied the allegations, claiming that she never had a sexual encounter with Bennett and that when he made a request for money to her, her partner Anthony Bourdain paid him to avoid negative publicity.[51]

On 22 August, she released a statement reading: "I strongly deny and oppose the contents of the New York Times article dated 20 August 2018, as circulated also in national and international news. I am deeply shocked and hurt by having read news that is absolutely false. I have never had any sexual relationship with Bennett."[52] A spokeswoman for the Times responded, "We are confident in the accuracy of our reporting, which was based on verified documents and multiple sources."[50] Fellow #MeToo advocate Rose McGowan initially expressed support for Argento and implored others to show restraint, stating, "None of us know the truth of the situation and I'm sure more will be revealed. Be gentle."[52] McGowan faced criticism on social media for her comments, which contradicted the #MeToo movement's message of believing survivors.[52]

Following Argento's denials, a photograph of her topless in bed with Bennett was published, as well as her alleged admission of sex with him in text messages to model Rain Dove. In the screenshots, Argento reputedly stated: "I had sex with him it felt weird. I didn't know he was a minor until the shakedown letter."[53]

In a letter published online in September 2018, Argento's attorney admitted there was a sexual encounter, but claimed Bennett "sexually attacked" Argento.[54] Amid the allegations, Argento was dropped as a judge on X-Factor Italy.[55]


Asia Argento has received the following awards:

  • 1988, Giffoni Film Festival, Best Actress
  • 1989, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice), Golden Goblets, Italy
  • 1994, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice Protagonista), David di Donatello Awards
  • 1994, Best Actress, Flaiano International Prizes
  • 1994, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice Protagonista), Golden Ciak Awards
  • 1996, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice Protagonista), Golden Ciak Awards
  • 1996, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice), Golden Goblets, Italy
  • 1997, Best Actress (Migliore Attrice Protagonista), David di Donatello Awards
  • 2001, Best New Director, Williamsburg Brooklyn Film Festival
  • 2003, Best Actress, Melbourne Underground Film Festival[56]


In 2012, Argento was highlighted in the retrospective Argento: Il Cinema Nel Sangue at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City.[57] The retrospective celebrated the influence of the Argento family on filmmaking in Italy and around the world. It highlighted Asia's contribution as well as that of her mother (Daria Nicolodi), father, grandfather (Salvatore), and uncle (Claudio).[58][59][60]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Asia". Dizionario italiano multimediale e multilingue d'Ortografia e di Pronunzia [DOP] (in Italian).
  2. ^ Sisavat, Monica (13 October 2017). "Fast Facts About Asia Argento, the Actress Accusing Harvey Weinstein of Rape(Report)". POPSUGAR. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  3. ^ Nyren, Erin (20 August 2018). "Asia Argento Settled With Sexual Assault Accuser Last Year (Report)". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Severson, Kim (19 August 2018). "Asia Argento, Who Accused Weinstein, Made Deal With Her Own Accuser". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  5. ^ Noh, Jean (5 October 2014). "Asia Argento discusses her father". Screen Daily. London, England: Media Business Insight. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  6. ^ Kemp, Ella (27 November 2020). "'Suspiria' co-writer and Asia Argento's mother Daria Nicolodi has died". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  7. ^ Castellaro, Benedetta (14 February 2021). "Asia Argento, chi era il celebre bisnonno Alfredo Casella: famoso compositore". (in Italian). Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Daria Nicolodi - Biografia - Sito ufficiale". Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  9. ^ a b "'E COSI' LA MIA PICCOLA DIVENTO' ARIA ARGENTO ... '". La Repubblica. Rome, Italy: GEDI Gruppo Editorial. 10 December 1997. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Rose, Steve (8 July 2005). "Wild Child". The Guardian. London, England. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Ryder, Caroline (8 August 2007). "Asia Argento". Swindle. Los Angeles, California: Shepard Fairey's Studio Number-One. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b Labruce, Bruce (2001). "Interview with Asia Argento". Index Magazine. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
  13. ^ a b Daniel Robert Epstein. Interview with Asia Argento. 7 March 2006.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Dangerous Beauty". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved on 16 February 2008.
  15. ^ a b Joan Dupont. "Asia Argento at Cannes: A modern heroine bares all – almost". International Herald Tribune. 21 May 2007.
  16. ^, Asia Argento, Horrific Filmography. Archived 20 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 16 February 2008.
  17. ^ Hawker, Philippa (16 September 2014). "Asia Argento's poignant exploration of childhood to screen at Italian Film Festival". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  18. ^ KJB (7 August 2002). "Asia Argento Talks xXx". IGN. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  19. ^ "Asia Argento In Miss Sixty Ad Campaign". 4 March 2008.
  20. ^ "Hondo Maclean biography". BBC. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  21. ^ Kristin Hohenade. "Therapy for Paralysis: Controversial Film". New York Times. 28 January 2007
  22. ^ " Peut-on jouer Barbey ? ", Anne-Elisabeth Blateau, in Carré d'art : Byron, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Dalí, Hallier, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Anagramme Editions, 2008, p. 143–149. ISBN 978-2-35035-189-6
  23. ^ "Mirror's Edge Catalyst". I Love Videogames – Notizie sui giochi per PC, Console e Mobile (in Italian). Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Videogiochi: Asia Argento da' voce a Faith, l'eroina di Mirror's Edge". Ticinonline (in Italian). 13 November 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  25. ^ "BLITZ: Legendary Tiger Man: Femina nas Lojas em Setembro". Archived from the original on 29 May 2009.
  26. ^ "Total Entropy". Discogs.
  27. ^ Wright, Danielle (2 April 2014). "Asia Argento brings her star appeal to the movie "Shongram"". Fan Share. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
  28. ^ "Anupam Kher to act with Asia Argento in 'Shongram'". Cinema Hour. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  29. ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  30. ^ Nigel M. Smith (26 May 2014). "Cannes: Asia Argento on Saying Goodbye to Crap and No Longer Feeling 'Misunderstood'". IndieWire. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  31. ^ News, World Today (22 January 2021). "Asia Argento: In her autobiography the abuses, violence and love that saved her". World Today News. {{cite news}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  32. ^ Shoard, Catherine; agencies (29 September 2009). "Release Polanski, demands petition by film industry luminaries". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  33. ^ Kale, Sirin (21 February 2018). "Natalie Portman Is One of the Few Celebrities to Apologize for Supporting Roman Polanski". VICE. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  34. ^ Freeman, Hadley (30 January 2018). "What does Hollywood's reverence for child rapist Roman Polanski tell us?". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  35. ^ Bryant, Kenzie (20 October 2017). "Asia Argento Escapes to Germany After Onslaught of Victim-Blaming in Her Native Italy". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  36. ^ "Weinstein accuser Asia Argento leaves Italy due to 'victim-shaming'". Deutsche Welle. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  37. ^ Alan Jones. "Biography". Archived 28 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine September 2002.
  38. ^ "Anthony Bourdain shows off romance with Italian star Asia Argento". 16 May 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  39. ^ Wong, Brittany (17 May 2017). "Anthony Bourdain And Girlfriend Asia Argento Make It Instagram Official". HuffPost. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  40. ^ "Inside Anthony Bourdain and Asia Argento's Romantic Relationship". Us Weekly. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  41. ^ "Inside Anthony Bourdain's 'manic' final days and public 'humiliation'". New York Post. 14 July 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  42. ^ "Anthony Bourdain's 'addiction' to Asia Argento overtook last year of his life, new documentary shows". The Mercury News. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  43. ^ ""I Knew It Was Doomed; I Knew Someone Was Doomed": Inside Anthony Bourdain's All-Consuming Relationship". Vanity Fair. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  44. ^ Farrow, Ronan (10 October 2017). "From Aggressive Overtures to Sexual Assault: Harvey Weinstein's Accusers Tell Their Stories". The New Yorker. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  45. ^ Shanahan, Mark (14 April 2018). "Actress Asia Argento speaks at Harvard about Weinstein backlash". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  46. ^ Silva, Daniela (21 May 2018). "Asia Argento delivers searing speech calling Cannes festival Weinstein's 'hunting ground'". NBC News. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  47. ^ Vivarelli, Nick (24 January 2021). "Asia Argento Accuses 'Fast And The Furious' Director Rob Cohen of Sexual Assault". Variety. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  48. ^ Harvey Weinstein's lawyer slams Asia Argento's 'stunning level of hypocrisy' after #MeToo campaigner was accused of sexually assaulting a 17-year-old, Accessed 31 December 2022.
  49. ^ Jagannathan, Meera (22 August 2018). "Why #MeToo will survive Asia Argento's sexual assault allegation". Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  50. ^ a b c Severson, Kim (22 August 2018). "Jimmy Bennett Says He Feared Speaking Out About Asia Argento". The New York Times.
  51. ^ Mumford, Gwilym; Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (21 August 2018). Written at Washington, D.C.. "Asia Argento denies sexual assault of 17-year-old actor". The Guardian. London, England. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  52. ^ a b c France, Lisa Respers (21 August 2018). "Rose McGowan facing backlash for urging 'Be Gentle' with Argento". CNN. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  53. ^ Arkin, Daniel (22 August 2018). "Photo, text messages appear to contradict Asia Argento's denial of relationship". NBC News. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  54. ^ Melas, Chloe (5 September 2018). "Asia Argento's attorney says 17-year-old sexually 'attacked' her". CNN. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  55. ^ Slingerland, Calum (27 August 2018). "Asia Argento Dropped from 'X Factor Italy' After Sexual Misconduct Allegations". Exclaim!. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Exclaim! Media. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  56. ^ "Asia Argento". IMDb.
  57. ^ "The Museum of Arts and Design". Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  58. ^ "Argento: Il Cinema Nel Sangue". Museum of Arts and Design. Museum of Arts and Design. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  59. ^ Dollar, Steve (12 April 2012). "Importing Cinema of Great Import". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones Inc. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  60. ^ Kasman, Daniel (3 August 2015). "The Design and Architecture of Terror: Dario Argento's "Deep Red"". Notebook. MUBI. Retrieved 5 August 2015.

External links[edit]