Logo of the ACC Asia Cup
|Administrator||International Cricket Council,
Asian Cricket Council
|Format||One Day International,
|Tournament format||Round-robin tournament|
|Number of teams||ACC member nations|
|Current champion||Sri Lanka (5th title)|
|Most successful|| India (5 titles)
Sri Lanka (5 titles)
|Most runs||Sanath Jayasuriya (1220)|
|Most wickets||Muttiah Muralitharan (30)|
|Website||Asia Cup Records|
The ACC Asia Cup is an international men's One Day International cricket tournament. It was established in 1983 when the Asian Cricket Council was founded as a measure to promote goodwill between Asian countries. It was originally scheduled to be held every two years.
The first tournament was held in 1984 in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates where the council's offices were based (until 1995). India boycotted the 1986 tournament due to strained cricketing relations with Sri Lanka. Pakistan boycotted the 1990-91 tournament due to strained political relations with India. The 1993 tournament was cancelled due to strained political relations between India and Pakistan. The ACC has announced that the tournament will be held biennially from 2008 onwards. The ICC has ruled that all games played in the Asia Cup have official ODI status.
After downsizing of Asian Cricket Council in 2015, it was announced by the ICC that Asia Cup events from 2016 will be played on a rotation basis between One Day International and Twenty20 International format, on the basis of format of upcoming world events. As a result, the 2016 event will be first event played in T20I format and will feature as preparation tournament ahead of 2016 ICC World Twenty20.
India and Sri Lanka have won the tournament the most times (5).
- 1 History
- 2 Statistical summaries
- 3 Records and statistics
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The first edition of the Rothmans Asia Cup was held in 1984  in Sharjah, UAE, the location of the headquarters of the newly formed Asian Cricket Council. The tournament was a round-robin tournament among India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The first match was between Pakistan and the new ICC member Sri Lanka. India won this tournament with two victories, Sri Lanka were the runners up in the tournament with 1 victory over Pakistan, while Pakistan went home without winning any of its 2 games.
Sri Lanka was the host for the second edition in 1986. This was the first multi-national cricket series to be held there. India had pulled out of the tournament due to soured cricketing relations with Sri Lanka after a controversial series in Sri Lanka the previous year. Bangladesh was included for the first time. Sri Lanka won the tournament beating Pakistan in the final.
The third edition, in 1988, was held in Bangladesh, the first time that a multi-national cricket tournament was held there. In the final, India beat Sri Lanka by 6 wickets and won their 2nd Asia Cup.
The fourth edition was held in India in 1990-91. Pakistan had pulled out of the tournament due to strained political relations with India. India retained its hold on the Asia Cup defeating Sri Lanka in the final.
In 1993, the tournament was cancelled due to strained political relations between India and Pakistan.
The fifth edition, in 1995, took the series back to Sharjah, UAE after 11 years. India and Sri Lanka made it to the final by virtue of better run rate than Pakistan as all three teams had equal points after the preliminary round. For the third successive time in the Asia Cup, India defeated Sri Lanka in the final.
The sixth edition was held in Sri Lanka in 1997. Sri Lanka beat India in the final by 8 wickets to win its second Asia Cup and halt India's three consecutive cup victories.
The seventh edition took place in Bangladesh for the second time in 2000. Pakistan and Sri Lanka made it to the final while India only won one match against Bangladesh and did not qualify for the final for the first time. In the final, Pakistan beat Sri Lanka and lifted the Asia Cup for the first time.
The eighth edition took place in Sri Lanka four years after the seventh edition in 2004. There was a change in the tournament format this time. Other Asian teams like UAE and Hong Kong were also included for the first time and the tournament was now divided into three stages – the Group Stage, the round-robin Super Fours and the final. The group stage was divided into two groups of 3 teams, each playing each other once. The top two teams from each group qualified for the Super Four stage where they played each other again once. The top two teams in the Super Four stage then qualified for the final. Hosts Sri Lanka, India and UAE were placed in Group A while the then defending champions Pakistan, Bangladesh and Hong Kong were placed in Group B. UAE and Hong Kong were knocked out in the group stage. Bangladesh had the distinction of reaching the second stage in a major tournament for the first time, but played poorly in the Super Fours and got eliminated. India and Sri Lanka topped the Super Four stage and reached the final. In the final, Sri Lanka defeated India by 25 runs to win the Asia Cup.
The ninth edition of the Asia Cup was held in Pakistan. Once again, the 2004 format was retained. The tournament started on 24 June 2008 and ended on 6 July 2008. Sri Lanka topped Group A and qualified for the second phase along with Bangladesh. In Group B, India came out on top and entered the Super Fours along with Pakistan in second place. Sri Lanka and India topped the Super Four stage and entered the final. Sri Lanka beat India in the final comfortably to equal India with four Asia Cup trophies. Sanath Jayasuriya smashed a quick 125 off 114 balls to rescue Sri Lanka from 66/4 earlier on when the top order collapsed. Sri Lanka's new mystery spinner, Ajantha Mendis, grabbed figures of 6/13 that left India in tatters.
The tenth edition was held in Sri Lanka, which hosted the Asia Cup for the fourth time, between 15–24 June 2010. It only featured the four Test playing Asian nations, and seven matches were played in all (including the final). Sri Lanka and India topped the group stages and entered the final. In the final, India beat Sri Lanka comfortably to become champions for a record fifth time, but for the first time in 15 years.
The eleventh edition of Asia Cup was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 11 to 22 March 2012. Pakistan and Bangladesh qualified to play in the final of the eleventh edition, Bangladesh had beaten India and Sri Lanka to book its place in the final for the first time in the history of the tournament. Pakistan beat Bangladesh narrowly by only two runs after a thrilling final over, hence Pakistan won for the second time the Asia Cup. Misbah-ul-Haq is the second Asia cup victorious captain in the history of Pakistan cricket after Moin Khan.
The twelfth edition was held in Dhaka and Fatullah, Bangladesh from 25 February to 8 March 2014. The tournament consisted of five teams with Afghanistan in it for the first time since its inception in 1984. Sri Lanka defeated Pakistan by 5 wickets in the final to win the Asia Cup for the fifth time.
After Asian Cricket Council downsized by ICC in 2015, it has been announced that upcoming Asia Cup tournaments will be played on rotation basis in ODI and T20I format. As a result, 2016 events will be first tournament in T20I format and will be played between five teams just ahead of 2016 ICC World Twenty20. The 2016 edition of the Asia Cup tournament will be held in Bangladesh for the third consecutive time from 24th February to 6th March.
Performance of teams
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past Asia Cup tournaments.
|Sri Lanka||12||1984||2014||Champions (1986, 1997, 2004, 2008, 2014)||48||34||14||0||0||70.83|
|India||11||1984||2014||Champions (1984, 1988, 1990-91, 1995, 2010)||43||26||16||0||1||61.90|
|Pakistan||11||1984||2014||Champions (2000, 2012)||40||24||15||0||1||61.53|
|Afghanistan||1||2014||2014||Group Stage (2014)||4||1||3||0||0||25.00|
|United Arab Emirates||2||2004||2008||Group Stage (2004, 2008)||4||0||4||0||0||0.00|
|Hong Kong||2||2004||2008||Group Stage (2004, 2008)||4||0||4||0||0||0.00|
Records and statistics
|Highest score ||Virat Kohli||183 (2012)|
|Most runs in a tournament||Sanath Jayasuriya||378 (2008)|
|Highest average (min. 10 inns.) ||Mahendra Singh Dhoni||95.16 (2008–2012)|
|Most sixes||Shahid Afridi||26 (1997–2014)|
|Most fours||Sanath Jayasuriya||139 (1990–2008)|
|Most ducks ||Salman Butt||3 (2008–2010)|
|Aminul Islam||3 (1988–2000)|
|Mahela Jayawardene||3 (2000–2014)|
|Most hundreds ||Sanath Jayasuriya||6 (1990–2008)|
|Most fifties and over ||Kumar Sangakkara||12 (2004–2014)|
|Highest strike rate (min. 250 ball faced) ||Shahid Afridi||140.74 (1997–2014)|
|Highest partnership ||Mohammad Hafeez & Nasir Jamshed
(1st wicket) v India
|Best bowling figures ||Ajantha Mendis v India||6/13 (2008)|
|Aaqib Javed v India||5/19 (1995)|
|Arshad Ayub v Pakistan||5/21 (1988)|
|Ajantha Mendis v United Arab Emirates||5/22 (2008)|
|Muttiah Muralitharan v Bangladesh||5/31 (2008)|
|Most wickets in a tournament ||Ajantha Mendis||17 (2008)|
|Irfan Pathan||14 (2004)|
|Sachin Tendulkar||12 (2004)|
|Muttiah Muralitharan||11 (2008)|
|Lasith Malinga||11 (2014)|
|Most 5 wickets in an innings ||Lasith Malinga||3 (2004–2014)|
|Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) ||Kumar Sangakkara||36 (27 catches and 9 stumpings) (2004–2014)|
|Most catches (fielder) ||Mahela Jayawardene||15 (2000–2014)|
|Highest score ||Pakistan v Bangladesh||385/7 (2010)|
|Lowest score ||Bangladesh v Pakistan||87 (2000)|
Man of the Tournament
|1984||Surinder Khanna||107 runs|
|1986||Arjuna Ranatunga||105 runs|
|1988||Navjot Sidhu||179 runs|
|1995||Navjot Sidhu||116 runs|
|1997||Arjuna Ranatunga||272 runs|
|2000||Mohammad Yousuf||295 runs|
|2004||Sanath Jayasuriya||293 runs and 4 wickets|
|2008||Ajantha Mendis||17 wickets|
|2010||Shahid Afridi||265 runs and 3 wickets|
|2012||Shakib Al Hasan||237 runs and 6 wickets|
|2014||Lahiru Thirimanne||279 runs|
Man of the Match in the Asia Cup Final
|1984||No Final Played|
|1986||Javed Miandad||67 runs|
|1988||Navjot Sidhu||76 runs|
|1990-91||Mohammad Azharuddin||54 runs|
|1995||Mohammad Azharuddin||90 runs|
|1997||Marvan Atapattu||84 runs|
|2000||Moin Khan||56 runs|
|2004||Marvan Atapattu||65 runs|
|2008||Ajantha Mendis||6 wickets|
|2010||Dinesh Karthik||66 runs|
|2012||Shahid Afridi||32 runs and 1 wicket|
|2014||Lasith Malinga||5 wickets|
|Jayasuriya, Sanath Sanath Jayasuriya (1990–2008)||Sri Lanka||25||1220||1||53.04||102.52||130||6||3||139||23|
|Sangakkara, KumarKumar Sangakkara (2004–2014)||Sri Lanka||26||1075||1||48.86||84.51||121||4||8||107||7|
|Tendulkar , SachinSachin Tendulkar (1990–2012)||India||23||971||2||51.10||85.47||114||2||7||108||8|
|Ranatunga, ArjunaArjuna Ranatunga (1984–1997)||Sri Lanka||19||741||6||57.00||82.79||131*||1||6||49+||7+|
|Jayawardene, Mahela Mahela Jayawardene (2000–2014)||Sri Lanka||28||674||3||29.30||87.64||78||0||7||70||6|
|Muralitharan, MuttiahMuttiah Muralitharan (1995–2010)||Sri Lanka||24||30||230.2||865||3.75||28.83||5/31||1||1|
|Mendis, AjanthaAjantha Mendis (2008–2014)||Sri Lanka||8||26||68.0||271||3.98||10.42||6/13||2||2|
|Ajmal, SaeedSaeed Ajmal (2008–2014)||Pakistan||12||25||115.0||485||4.21||19.40||3/26||0||0|
|Malinga, LasithLasith Malinga (2004–2014)||Sri Lanka||12||24||108.1||507||4.68||21.12||5/34||0||3|
|Vaas, ChamindaChaminda Vaas (1995–2008)||Sri Lanka||19||23||152.2||639||4.19||27.78||3/30||0||0|
- Records / Asia Cup / Most runs
- Records / Asia Cup / Most wickets
- "Asia Cup to be held biennially". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 June 2006.
- "Asia Cup to continue under ICC". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Asia Cup Cricket 2008 History". Cricket Circle.
- "Pakistan to host ninth Asia Cup". Cricinfo. Retrieved 13 October 2005.
- Sri lanka defeat India to win Asia Cup
- "Asia Cup: Pakistan beat Bangladesh in thrilling final". BBC Sport. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "2016 Asia Cup played in T20 format". Sportskeeda. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Asia Cup to switch T20 format every alternate edition". cricbuzz. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Records / Asia Cup / Most runs". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Asia Cup / Records / Most wickets". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 1 March 2014.