For the Indian truck manufacturer see: Asia MotorWorks
|Fate||Merged into Kia Motors|
|Revised Romanization||Asia Jadongcha|
Asia Motors Industries, traded as Asia Motors (Korean: 아시아자동차, IPA: [aɕʰia dʑadoŋtɕʰa]), was a South Korean car manufacturer established in 1965 and closed in 1999. Since 1976, it was a subsidiary of Kia Motors.
In 1962, as one of the measures to comply its First Five-Year Economic Development Plan, the Korean government passed a law exempting from taxes imported parts to assemble KD cars locally. In 1965, as a result of these incentives, was founded Asia Motor Industries, which initially was involved in manufacturing military vehicles. That year, however, the company began negotiations with Fiat and in 1969 it started to assemble Fiat 124 models. It diversified into the SUV and heavy vehicles market, including large and medium duty trucks, special military vehicles, lightweight cars, civilian jeeps (a small jeep look-alike called the Rocsta and later the Retona), motor vehicle components, to include engines, and buses and mini-buses. In 1973, the South Korean government launched a plan to promote the production of low-cost cars for export. Asia Motors was unable to satisfy the plan's conditions and was purchased by Kia in 1976. Hyundai in turn purchased Kia and the Asia brand was discontinued in 1999. The Rocsta's replacement, the Retona, was sold under the Kia brand.
Small / medium-sized buses
- Asia Combi (AM805/815/825)
- Asia Cosmos (AM818)
- Asia Granto (AM) truck
- Asia AM420
- KM900 APC - license version of the Fiat 6614 Armoured Personnel Carrier for Republic of Korea Army.
- Massey Ferguson 362A - Asia Motors also assembled/distributed Massey Ferguson tractors.
- Massey Ferguson 390A - Asia Motors also assembled/distributed Massey Ferguson tractors.
- Kim, Linsu (1997). "The Automobile Industry Crisis Construction and Technological Learning". Imitation to Innovation: The Dynamics of Korea's Technological Learning. Harvard Business Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-87584-574-6.
- Kang, Tong-su (2008). Government policies and corporate strategies under structural changes and dynamism: the cases of Korea and China. KDI. p. 98. ISBN 978-8-980-63342-5.
- Lansbury, Russell D.; Suh, Chung-Sok; Kwong, Seung-Ho (2007). "Hyundai Motors as a global auto company". The Global Korean Motor Industry: The Hyundai Motor Company's Global Strategy. Routledge Advances in Korean Studies. Taylor & Francis. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-41366-4.
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