Asian Physics Olympiad

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The Asian Physics Olympiad (APhO) is an annual physics competition for high school students from Asia and Oceania regions. It is one of the International Science Olympiads. The first APhO was hosted by Indonesia in 2000. The next Asian Physics Olympiad (2019) will be held in Australia.

APhO has its origins in the International Physics Olympiad and is conducted according to similar statutes (One five-hour theoretical examination and one or two laboratory examinations). It is usually held about two months before the IPhO and can also be seen as additional training for the teams.[1]

Each national delegation is made up of eight competitors (unlike five in the IPhO) plus two leaders. Observers may also accompany a national team. The leaders are involved in the selection, preparation and translation of the exam tasks, and the translation and marking of exam papers. The students compete as individuals, and must sit through intensive theoretical and laboratory examinations. For their efforts the students can be awarded a medal (gold, silver or bronze) or an honorable mention.

History[edit]

In 1999, the team leader of Indonesia, Prof. Yohanes Surya, Ph.D., together with the president of IPhO, Prof.Waldemar Gorzkowski, undertook to create and organize the first APhO, which was held in Indonesia, between April 24 and May 2, 2000. At this time, prof. Gorzkowski was also working in Indonesia to help with the IPhO team. The event attracted participants from 12 Asian countries. It now is attended by up to 27 countries.[2]

Actively participating countries include Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR, India, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Russia and Romania have participated as guest teams[2] in the past years.

Differences between APhO and IPhO[edit]

APhO has 8 students in each delegation, while IPhO has 5.

The award system[edit]

In 2001, the IPhO International Board accepted a new system of awarding the prizes.[3] The new system, designed by Cyril Isenberg and Dr. Gunter Lind was based on relative number of contestants for each type of award, instead of the score boundaries defined by percentage of the best contestant's score.

This was not acceptable for APhO, because the average level of contestants is different. The old system remained in power for APhO since the beginning up to 9th APhO in Mongolia, where the leaders voted for replacing it by a new award system suggested by Dr. Eli Raz from the Israeli delegation. The new system, sometimes unofficially referred to as the Israeli Award System, is based on a reference score that is the lowest between twice the median score and the mean score of the top 3 participants.[4] It was first used on 10th APhO in Thailand.

Summary[edit]

Dates and locations[5] of the APhO:

Number
Year
City
Country
Date
Countries
1 2000 Karawaci  Indonesia April 23 - May 2, 2000 10
2 2001 Taipei  Chinese Taipei April 22 - May 1, 2001 12
3 2002 Singapore  Singapore May 6 - 14, 2002 15
4 2003 Bangkok  Thailand April 20 - 29, 2003 10
5 2004 Hanoi  Vietnam April 26 - May 4, 2004 13
6 2005 Pekanbaru  Indonesia April 24 - May 2, 2005 17
7 2006 Almaty  Kazakhstan April 22 - 30, 2006 18
8 2007 Shanghai  China April 21 - 29, 2007 22
9 2008 Ulaanbaatar  Mongolia April 20 - 28, 2008 18
10 2009 Bangkok  Thailand April 24 - May 2, 2009 15
11 2010 Taipei  Chinese Taipei April 23 - May 1, 2010 16
12 2011 Tel Aviv  Israel May 1 - 9, 2011 16
13 2012 New Delhi  India April 30 - May 7, 2012 21
14 2013 Bogor  Indonesia May 5 - 13, 2013 20
15 2014 Singapore  Singapore May 11 - 19, 2014 27
16 2015 Hangzhou  China May 3 - 11, 2015 25
17 2016 Hong Kong  Hong Kong May 1 - 9, 2016 27
18 2017 Yakutsk  Russia May 1 - 9, 2017 24
19 2018 Hanoi  Vietnam May 5 - 15, 2018 25
20 2019 Adelaide  Australia May 5 - 13, 2019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ APhO history
  2. ^ a b "Statistics of Participant Countries of APhO" (PDF). Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  3. ^ Minutes of the Meetings of the International Board during the XXXII International Physics Olympiad in Antalya (Turkey) June 28 – July 6, 2001
  4. ^ "Statutes of the Asian Physics Olympiad". Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  5. ^ "APhO - Past and Future Organizers". Retrieved 14 December 2016.

External links[edit]