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|Asian ostrich skeleton|
Extinct (before 13,000-7,000 BC)
The Asian or Asiatic ostrich (Struthio asiaticus), is an extinct species of ostrich that ranged from Morocco, the Middle East to China and Mongolia. Fossils date from the upper Pliocene to the early Holocene (3.6 MYA - c.6000 BC or BCE). Beads made from shells taken from archaeological sites in India dating to more than 25000 years were found to have traces of DNA and analysis of sequences examined from them show that the species is definitely in the genus Struthio.
Asian ostriches were widespread around Europe and Asia. They also used to live in northern Indian Subcontinent and southern Siberia. In China, it is known that Asiatic ostriches became extinct at the end or shortly after the end of the last Ice Age.
- Sharpe, R. Bowdler (1899)
- Paleobiology Database (2012)
- Jain, Sonal; Rai, Niraj; Kumar, Giriraj; Pruthi, Parul Aggarwal; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy; Bajpai, Sunil; Pruthi, Vikas (2017). "Ancient DNA Reveals Late Pleistocene Existence of Ostriches in Indian Sub-Continent". PLOS ONE. 12 (3): e0164823. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0164823. PMC 5342186. PMID 28273082.
- Sharpe, R. Bowdler (1899). A Handlist of the Genera and Species of Birds. Vol. I. Red Lion Court Fleet Street, London UK: Taylor and Francis. p. 2. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- Paleobiology Database (2012). "Struthio asiaticus". Paleobiology Database. Paleobiology Database. Retrieved 14 Jun 2012.
- Janz, Lisa; Robert G. Elston; George S. Burr (2009). "Dating North Asian Surface Assemblages with Ostrich Eggshell: implications for palaeoecology and extirpation". Journal of Archaeological Science. 36 (9): 1982. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2009.05.012.
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